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33 Cards in this Set

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Aortic Aneurysm
An aortic aneurysm is a general term for any swelling (dilatation or aneurysm) of the aorta, usually representing an underlying weakness in the wall of the aorta at that location. While the stretched vessel may occasionally cause discomfort, a greater concern is the risk of rupture, which causes severe pain; massive internal hemorrhage; and, without prompt treatment, results in a quick death.
Anuria
Anuria means nonpassage of urine.[1] But, is practically defined as passage of less than 50 milliliters of urine in a day.[2] Anuria is inability to urinate due to failure in the function of kidneys. It may also occur because of some severe obstruction like kidney stones or tumours. Anuria is also sometimes called anuresis.
Anus
The anus is an opening at the opposite end of an mammal's digestive tract from the mouth. Its function is to expel feces, unwanted semi-solid matter produced during digestion.
Bacteriuria
In medicine, bacteriuria denotes the presence of bacteria in urine not due to contamination from urine sample collection.
Bowel Movement
Movement of stool
Clean Catch UA
Sterilized procedure to obtain Urine for analysis
Constipation
Having difficulty passing hard stools, or a decrease in passing of stool
Coastal Margin
The costal margin, sometimes referred to as the costal arch, is the medial margin formed by the false ribs -- specifically, from the eighth rib to the tenth rib.
CVA
one of two angles that outline a space over the kidneys. The angle is formed by the lateral and downward curve of the lowest rib and the vertical column of the spine itself.
Cystits
Inflammation of the Bladder
Defecation
Defecation is the scientific name for the final stage of digestion, which is the act of taking away solid, semisolid or liquid waste from the body
Diarrhea
Frequent loose or liquid bowel movements
Dysuria
Painful, burning urination often caused by a bacterium
Epigastric
The epigastrium (or epigastric region) is the upper central region of the abdomen. It is located between the costal margins and the subcostal plane.
Fissure
crack in the anal area
Flank
Posterior portion of the body between rips and the ilium
Flatulence
Flatulence is the state of having excessive stomach or intestinal gas
Guarding
AKA Abdominal splitting. Involuntary tensing of the abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from the pain of pressure. This is detected when the abdomen wall is pressed.
Hematemesis
Vomiting of bright RBCs, resulting from upper GI bleeding. Associated with ulcers
Hematuria
Dark colored urine resulting from Hemoglobin in the urine
Hemorrhoids
When the veins around the anus or in the rectum are swollen or inflamed the patient has hemorrhoids. They can occur for the following reasons:
pregnancy
aging
chronic diarrhea
chronic constipation
straining to move stool (related to the previous one)
sitting for long periods (especially sitting for long periods at a time in the toilet)
anal intercourse
obesity
genetics - some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and above the inside of the anus. They can also appear externally, under the skin of the anus.
Melena
Melena occurs when the blood is in the colon long enough for the bacteria in the colon to break it down into chemicals (hematin) that are black. Therefore, melena usually signifies bleeding is from the upper gastrointestinal tract
Midstream Catch UA
Urine obtained during the middle of the stream (AKA CCUA)
Nocturia
Excessive urination at night
Oliguria
less than 500mL of urine every 24 hours. Diminished capacity to form or pass urine
Paralytic Ileus
A decrease in Intestinal peristalsis
Peritonitis
Inflammation of the Peritoneum. Produced by bacterium
Pyelonephritis
Renal infection during pregnancy. Dilation of the renal pelvis area
Striae
Stretch marks/torn cartilage
Suprapubic
Area above the pubic symphysis
Urinalysis
A physical, microscopic or chemical examine of urine
UTI
Infection of one or more the organs found in the urinary system. Caused by Gram negative bacteria
Venous Hum
Continuous murmur heard on auscultation over major veins int he neck and around the umbilicus