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32 Cards in this Set

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Benzedrine, Methedrine, Dexedrine, Cocaine, Crack, Caffeine, Nicotine, Prozac
Stimulants
Benzodiazepines (valium or librium) Buspar, Xanax
Depressants
Sleep inducing agents. Seconal, Luminal, and Sodium Amuthol & Pentothal (used in eecutions)
Barbituates
Morphine, Heroin,
Opium
Marijuana, LSD, Phencyclidine (PCP) and many others.
Hallucinogen
Any agent that disrupts the psychological or physical balance of the individual over and beyond what is expected of food and drink
Substance
A maladaptive behavior associated with substance use
Substance-related Disorders
A maladaptive pattern of excessive use leading to notable impairment or distress in thinking, feeling and behavior
Substance Abuse
Direct, acute, (short-term) or chronic (long term) effects of such substances of Central nervous system. (CNS)
Substance-Induced Cognitive Disorder
Inability to cut down or control use, using much activity to obtain substance.
Substance dependence
involve tolerance and withdrawal
dependence
needing or requiring increasing dosage of the substance
tolerance
physical or emotional symptoms such as shaking or irritability after reducing drug-induction (or substance induction)
withdrawal
showing maladaptive behavior after drug intake
intoxication
These drugs or substances can cause generalized depression or CNS and slowing down of responses. They relax or calm a person.
Depressants or Sedatives
anti-anxiety drugs (minor tranquilizers). Opiates or narcotics including morphine, heroin and codeine. Barbituates or sleeping substances
Depressants
These drugs or substances stimulate CNS or brain centers, inlcuding elation, agitaition, and act as appetite suppresants.
Stimulants
Amphetamines "speed" or "pep pills",
Caffeine and nicotine,
Cocaine and crack,
Stimulants
Marijuana, LSD, PCP (Phecyclidine)
Hallucinogens
antisocial personality and depression are contributing factors
alcoholism psychoanalyic etiology
some evidences pointing to genetic factors. familial and non-familial alcoholism
biogenic (biological explanations)
consumption tends to increase or decrease with socioeconomic status. Cultural values play important roles in drinking patterns.
sociocultural explanations
drinking behavior is learned.
Alcohol serves to reduce anxiety and tension
Relapse refers to resumption of drinking after a period of abstinence.
Behavioral Explanations
believes addiction is an acquired motivation such as loe or attachment
Solomon
suggests a combination of both behavioral perspectives and biogenic approaches
Wise
the removal of the abusive subtances and long-term maintenance without it.
detoxification
approach of using chemical agents.
Anatabuse, Methadone, nicotine patch
Pharmacological
The sight smell or taste of alcohol or any other drug is paired with noxious smell.
Alcoholics imagine nausea or vomiting in the presense or alcohol.
Aversion therapy or Covert sensitization. Cognitive and Behavioral Approaches
A combo of approaches can be used as well. support groups, fam therapy,
Multimodal Treatment
used to create aversion towards alcohol
antabuse
a sunthetic narcotic chemical which reduces craing for heroin. it also creates withdrawal symptoms.
methadone
is efective in helping smokers
nicotine path