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39 Cards in this Set

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Abrasion
Wearing away of the surfaces of the teeth as a result of their use in chewing
Abscess
A collection of PUS in a cavity formed within the tissue of the body.
Abutment
A tooth used to support or stablize one end of a prosthetic appliance, such as dental bridge.
ADA
American Dental Association
Adduct
To move toward the center or midline.
Adjustment
An alteration or modification that may be required on a tooth or a denture - after it has been placed in the mouth. Occlusal adjustment is a form of modification.
Align
To position properly in relation to another objects.
Alloy
The product of fusing two or more metals; a silver alloy combined with mercury to produce an amalgam for restoration of a destroyed tooth surface.
Alveloar
Pertaining to an ALVELOUS.
Alveolectomy
Shaping of the dental ridges by removal of prominences of bone and excess soft tissue, usually in preparation for construction of a prosthetic appliance.
Alveolus
Bone cavity or a socket in which the root of a tooth is held by the peridontal ligament.
Amalgam
An alloy of Mercury with any other metal. The compound of a basal alloy of silver and tin with Mercury, used for restoring teeth. Copper and zinc are ususally added as modifying metals to the basal alloy.
Anesthesia
Loss of sensation.
Angles' Classification - Class I, II, III
A classification of the forms of malocclusion as established by Edward Hartley Angle, an American Orthodontist.
Anodontia
Failure of tooth formation; congenital absence of teeth.
Ankylosis
Fixation or true bony union between bones or a tooth to the jaw; abnormal immobility of a joint.
Anterior
Situated in front; dentally, referring to the teeth at the front of the mouth - i.e. central incisors, lateral incisors and first bicuspids.
Antibiotic
A drug that inhibits or destroys bacterial growth.
Apex
The terminal end of a cone; a conical end; the terminal end of a root or both.
Apical
Pertaining to the apex or conical endings of the roots of the teeth.
Apices
Plural form of APEX.
Appliance
In dentistry a deviced used to replace missing parts, provide function, or perform a therapeutic purpose. Dental prostheses, splints, orthodontic appliances, and obturators are example of appliances.
Arch, Dental
The curving structure formed by the crowns of the teeth in their normal position.
Band
In orthodontics, a metallic attachment that surrounds and is cemented to the tooth, used to archor archwires to the teeth.
Bar
A connector of two or more parts. It may be used for removable partial dentures, fixed prostheses to provide additional strength, and splinting in treatment of fractures of the teeth and jaws.
Bicuspid
Having (2) two cusps, as in bicuspid teeth a premolar.
Bilateral
Having (2) two sides, any partial denture having a major connector is said to be bilateral, i.e. one on each side.
Bite Guard
An appliance that covers the occlusal and incisal surfaces to the teeth. It is used to stablize the teeth or to provide a flat surface for unobstructive movement of the mandible.
Bite Plane
An appliance that covers the palate and is designed to provide resistance to the mandibular incisors where there is contact.
Bite Raising
The process of increasing the distance between the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. It may be accomplished by placing appliances or GOLD inlays or crowns.
Bite, Closed
A condition in which the upper teeth close too far over the lower, which usually bite into the roof of the mouth.
Bite, Open
A condition in which the upper and lower incisors DO NOT occlude.
Bitewing Radiograph
An x-ray showing the crowns of the upper and lower teeth and a portion of the roots and supporting bone.
Bleaching
A technique that restores a discolored tooth to its natural color.
Bridge
A partial denture; bridgework.
Bridgework
An appliance made of artificial crowns of teeth to replace missing natural teeth.
Bruxium
The unconscious habit of grinding the teeth, often limited to during sleeping or mental or physical concentration or strain.
Buccal
Pertaining to the cheek. The buccal surface of tooth is a surface next to the cheek.
Crozat
A removable orthodontic appliance.