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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Interval
Distance between two tones
Accent
Emphasis placed on a particular note
Compound Meter
A metric pattern in which large beats comprise three smaller, subordinate beats.
Beat
A continuous, periodic pulse that underlies most types of music.
Downbeat
The first and strongest beat in the pattern of strong and weak beats that defines the meter.
Duplemeter
A metric pattern comprising two beats.
Meter
A regular, repeating pattern of strong and weak beats.
Triple meter
A metric pattern comprising three beats.
Quadruple meter
A metric pattern comprising four beats.
Upbeat
A weak beat immediately preceding a metric downbeat.
Chord
The simultaneous sounding of three or more tones.
Consonance
The quality of relative stability that is attributed to certain harmonies in a piece of music.
Dissonance
Instability attributed to certain harmonies in a given musical context.
Counterpoint
A technique of composing two or more melodic lines against one another in accordance with certain rules.
Homophony
A musical texture consisting of one melody and an accompaniment that supports it.
Imitative polyphony
A musical texture featuring two or more equally prominent, simultaneous melodic lines, those lines being similar in shape and sound.
Monophony
A texture comprising a single line of musical tones.
Polyphony
A musical texture featuring two or more equally prominent melodic lines played at the same time.
Crescendo
A steady and gradual increase in volume.
Diminuendo
A steady and gradual decrease in volume.
Tempo
The speed of the beat in a piece of music.
Basso Continuo
A method of thickening musical textures by augmenting the bass line.
Recitative
A style of singing with instrumental accompaniment that imitates the natural inflections of speech.
Ritornello
(1) A recurring instrumental passage in music of the Baroque period.
(2) A form used in the Baroque concerto.
Sequence
1. A process in which a melodic fragment is stated and then repeated at higher or lower pitch level.
2. A genre of medieval plainchant associated with the Mass. (Skip to this section.)