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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
renal (Bowman's) capsule
start of the nephron, cup-shaped, glomerulus inside
proximal convoluted tubule
a series of loops surrounded by blood capillaries, walls are made of cuboidal epithelial cells with microvilli
loop of Henlé
long, hairpin loop, in the cortex and medulla
distal convoluted tube
a series of loops, walls are made of cuboidal epithelial cells
collecting duct
a tube into which the distal convoluted tubules empty, it itself empties into the renal pelvis
afferent arteriole
tiny vessel that arises from the renal artery, firstly enters the glomerulus
glomerulus
many-branched tuft of capillaries from which fluid is forced out of the blood
efferent arteriole
tiny vessel that leave the renal capsule, it has a smaller diameter an so causes an increase in blood pressure within the glomerulus
peritubular capillaries
a concentrated network of capillaries that surrounds the convoluted tubules and the loop of Henlé, reabsorb mineral salts, glucose and water