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26 Cards in this Set

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Some side effects of corticosteroids
Osteopenia, impaired wound healing, inc. risk of infection, inc. appetite, HTN, edema, PUD, euphoria, psychosis, stria, thinning of skin
2nd generation antihistamines
Fexofenadine, loratadine, and cetirizine
Prostaglandin used in the treatment impotence
Alprostadil
Readily detected markers that may assist in diagnosis of the cause of a drug overdose include
Changes in heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, body temperature, sweating, bowel signs, and pupillary responses
"Date rape drug"
Flunitrazepam (rohypnol)
These agents are CNS depressants
Ethanol, Barbiturates, and Benzodiazepines
Treatments available for nicotine addiction
Patches, gum, nasal spray, psychotherapy, and bupropion
This agent has greater affinity for muscarinic receptors and used for postoperative and neurogenic ileus and urinary retention
Bethanechol
Toxicity of organophosphate:
DUMBELSS (diarrhea, urination, miosis, bronchoconstriction, excitation of skeletal muscle and CNS, lacrimation, salivation, and sweating)
Treat manifestations of Parkinson's disease and EPS
Benztropine, trihexyphenidyl
Treatment of motion sickness
Scopolamine
Produce mydriasis and cycloplegia
Atropine, homatropine tropicamide
These agents decrease blood flow or increase blood pressure, are local decongestant, and used in therapy of spinal shock (temporary maintenance of blood pressure which may help maintain perfusion
Alpha1 agonists
Alpha 1 agonist toxicity
Hypertension
This beta blocker lacks local anesthetic activity (decreases protective reflexes and increases the risk of corneal ulceration) and used in treating glaucoma
Timolol
These Beta blockers decrease aqueous secretion
Timolol (nonselective), betaxolol (selective)
SE of acetazolamide
Paresthesias, alkalization of the urine (which may ppt. Ca salts), hypokalemia, acidosis, and encephalopathy in patients with hepatic impairment
SE of procainamide
Lupus-like syndrome
5HT-1d agonist used for migraine headaches "
Sumatriptan, naratriptan, and rizatriptan
Agents for reduction of postpartum bleeding
Oxytocin, ergonovine and ergotamine
Agents used in treatment of carcinoid tumor
Ketanserin, Cyproheptadine, and Phenoxybenzamine
Side effects seen with tricyclic antidepressants
Muscarinic blockade (dry mouth, constipation); weak alpha-1 block (orthostatic hypotension); weak hisamine block (sedation)
Sympathetic agent which stimulates heart rate and can dilate vessels in skeletal muscle at low doses
Epinephrine
Mast cells to reduce release of histamine and inflammatory mediators
Epinephrine
Agent used in shock because it dilates coronary arteries and increases renal blood flow
Dopamine
Agent which stimulates cardiac contractile force more than rate with little effect on total peripheral resistance
Dobutamine