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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
argument structure
the number of participants required by a verb
subcategorization frame
arragnement(s) of a verb's arguments. snore: V[___] kiss V, [___ NP]
thematic grid
a set of thematic (meaning) roles that a verb assigns to its arguments ex. agent, theme,
the initiator of the action: brad hit andrew
entities that undergo actions
the feeler or perceiver of events or states: beki saw the eclipse.
the entity toward which an action takes place: millie went to chicago
intransitive verb
1-place. requires only an external argument
transitive verb
2-place: requres both an external and internal argument.
dative verb
3-place: requires an external argument and two internal arguments
alternating dative
theme and goal can alternate: ex. give, send, throw
non-alternating dative
the theme and the goal canNOT alternate. donate
non-alternating diative is ______ than alternating diative
extra information that is not necessary for the verb to make sense
object NP moves to subject NP position.
the monkey was hit by the elephant
NP raising
the subject NP moves from the subject of the embeddd clause to the subject of the matrix clause: the monkey seemed to hit the elephant.
matrix clause
the main message of the sentence that can stand alone as a sentence
embedded clause
additional info added to the main message that cannot stand alone as a sentence.
wh moves from inside the VP to a non-argument position: who did the elephant hit
subject cleft
it was the elephant that hit the monkey
object cleft
it was the monkey that the elephant hit
relative clause
a qualifying clause that refers to and provides additional information about a preceding noun or pronoun, often beginning with a relative pronoun such as who, which, or that.
subject relative
the rabbit saw the elephant who hit the monkey
object relative
the rabbit saw the monkey who the elephant hit.