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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ANATOMY
STRUCTURE
PHYSIOLOGY
FUNCTION
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
BOTH WORK TOGETHER; A NORMAI IN ONE IS A NORMAL IN THE OTHER.
ABNORMAL ANATOMY MEANS DYSFUNTION (PATHOPHYSIOLOGY)
HOMEOSTASIS
BALANCE; BODY'S INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT REMAINS W/IN CERTAIN PHYSIOLOGICAL LIMITS (NORMAL); CONTROLLED BY NERVOUS & ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
VITALS
REFLECTIONS OF THE BODY'S STATUS
TEMPERATURE
98.6 F; 37C
RESPIRATION
12-16 BREATHS/MINUTE
BP
THE PRESSURE TO PUSH BLOOD THROUGH THE BLOOD VESSELS.
UPPER LIMITS 140/90
HR
60-100 BPM
NORMAL, APPROX 76
PULSES
<60 = BRACHYCARDIA
>100=TACHYCARDIA
METABOLISM
SUM OF ALL THE BODY CHEMICAL PROCESSES.
CATABOLISM + ANABOLISM
CATABOLISM
BREAK DOWN PROCESS OF LARGER MOLECULES TO SMALLER ONES
(PROT-->AA)
ANABOLISM
BUILD UP OF THE BODIES STRUCTURAL & FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS
(AA-->PROTEINS)
DIFFERENTIATION
PROCESS WHEREBY UNSPECIALIZED CELLS BCM SPECIALIZED CELLS. IF MATURE CELL DOES THIS, IT COULD BE CANCER.
LOCAL
AFFECTS ONE PART OR LIMITHED BODY AREA (REGION)
SYSTEMIC
WIDESPREAD; AFFECTING MORE THAN ONE REGION AND MORE THAN ONE SYSTEM
CRANIAL
SKULL/HEAD
CEPHALIC
HEAD-WARD, TOWARDS THE HEAD
VERTEBRAL/VERTEBRAE
SPINE
CERVICAL SPINE/REGION
NECK
THORACIC SPINE/REGION
DORSAL SPINE, MID SPINE, MIDDLE BACK; WHERE RIBS ARE FROM THE BACK. IF IT IS THORACIC, YOU KNOW IT IS POSTERIOR;
THORAX
CHEST CAVITY, CHEST WALL, THORACIC WALL, RIB CAGE
LUMBAR SPINE/REGION
LOWER BACK
VENTRAL
ANTERIOR (FRONT SIDE)
DORSAL
POSTERIOR (BACK SIDE)
VISCERA
ORGANS (INCLUDING THE EYEBALL)
PULMONARY/PNEUMO/PLEURA/PLEURAL
LUNGS
CARDIO/CARDIA
HEART, HEART AREA
PERICARDIUM
AROUND THE HEART
MYOCARDIUM
HEART MUSCLE
ABDOMINAL
STOMACH, SMALL & LG INT, LIVER, GALL BLADDER, PANCREAS
PELVIC
REMAINDER OF LG INT, URINARY BLADDER, & REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
ANATOMICAL POSITION
RECOG. STD BODY POSITIONING, &, BY WH THE PARTS OF THE BODY ARE RELATED TO, EVEN WHEN THERE IS A CHANGE IN THE OVERALL BODY POSITION...HANDS FORWARD.
SUPERIOR
ABOVE, HIGHER THAN ANOTHER STRUCTURE
INFERIOR
BELOW; CLOSER TO THE FEET OR LOWER PART OF THE BODY
MEDIAL
MOVES TOWARDS THE MIDLINE
LATERAL
MOVES AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE
ANTERIOR
IN THE FRONT (STERNUM)
POSTERIOR
IN THE BACK (SHOULDER BLADES)
PROXIMAL
NEARER TO PT OF ATTACHMENT
DISTAL
FARTHER AWAY FROM POINT OF ATTACHMENT
IPSILATERAL
SAME SIDE OF BODY OR REFERENCE POINT
CONTRALATERAL
OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BODY OR REFERENCE POINT
AFFERENT
GOING TO OR TWDS (AFFERENT ARTERIOLE--GOING INTO KIDNEY, AFFERENT NERVE)
EFFERENT
GOING AWAY OR GOING FROM
FRONTAL/CORONAL
DIVIDES VERTICALLY THE BODY ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PLANES OF BODY (FRONT AND BACK)
TRANSVERSE
HORIZONTAL PLANE; PERPENDICULAR TO LONG AXIS
SAGITTAL
VERTICALLY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS
MEDIAN (MID SAGGITAL)
DIVIDES BODY INTO EQUAL HALVES
RUQ
LIVER AND GALL BLADDER LOCATED HERE
LUQ
SPLEEN AND PANCREAS LOCATED HERE
RLQ
APPENDIX LOCATED HERE
LLQ
SIGMOID COLON LOCATED HERE
UMBILICAL
OOO
OXO
OOO
RT/LT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGIONS
XOX
OOO
OOO
RT/LT LATERAL ABDOMINAL REGION
OOO
XOX
OOO
RT/LT INGUINAL REGION
OOO
OOO
XOX
EPIGASTRIC
OXO
OOO
OOO
HYPOGASTRIC
OOO
OOO
OXO