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213 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A NEGATIVELY CHARGED ION IS AN_______.
~ANION
NORMAL FEMALES HAVE _____COPIES OF THE X CHROMOSOME.
~2
The ONLY aseptic method that can be used on living tissues is_________.
~ antiseptic
The gender of a fetus can be identified during the_______trimester.
~ 2nd
A disease that is prevelant throughout the entire worl is said to be___________?
~ PANDEMIC
The cheese-like coating protecting fetal skin late in development is called the _________ _______?
~ vernix caseosa
The transparent portion of the sclera that covers the anterior of the eye is the _____?
~ cornea
A substance that helps to maintain a constant pH of a solution is an_______?
~ buffer
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between elements is called a _______ bond.
~ covalent
The ________ of a solution is based on its concentration of the element hydrogen.
~ acid/pH
Mr. L is blushing. The redness in his skin reflects the presence of a blood pigment called__________.
~ hemoglobin
Any trait carried on the X chromosome is described as_________ _________?
~ sex-linked
The cream-cheese coating produced by the fetal sebaceous glands is called_____ _______?
~ vernix caseosa
The tissue connecting the fetus with the placenta is the________ _______?
~ umbilical cord
The fluid that surrounds cells is the ______ _______?
~ interstitial fluid
Spherical bacteria arranged in a chain are called________?
~ Streptococcus
The gas that LOWERS BLOOD pH is called_____?
~CO2
The tissue that makes up the lymphatic system capillaries is called___________ _______?
~ Endothelial tissue
The kidneys are involved in pH regulation by altering the excretion of _______ cations.
~ H+
A substance with a pH of 8.5 is __________?
~ alkaline
Immunity gained through the placenta is passive________acquired immunity.
~ Naturally
The body system that is composed of the skin and its associated structures is the _____?_______ _____?______.
~ Integumentary System
Antibodies are secreted by a type of _______cell called_________cells.
~ B cells
~ Plasma cells
A solution that draws water OUT of a cell is described as ___________.
~ HYPERTONIC
tHE PROCESS BY WHICH A T cell ACQUIRES THE ABILITY TO COMBINE WITH A SPECIFIC ANTIGEN IS CALLED______ _______.
~ CELL MEDIATED RESPONCE or
cell mediated immunity
The scientific term for the widening of the blood vessels is ______________?
~ VASOCODILATION
a NORMALLY HARMLESS SUBSTANCE THAT INDUCES AN INAPPROPRIATE IMMUNE RESPONCE IS CALLED A(N)__________?
~ ALLERGEN
a FOREIGN SUBSTANCE THAT ENTERS THE BODY AND INDUCES AN IMMUNE RESPONCE IS AN _______?
~ ANTIGEN
a gene that only expresses its effect in a homozygous individual is termed________?
~ recessive
Immunity gained following a vaccination is _______ artificially acquired immunity.
~ active
The universal solvent is______?
~ Water !!! duuuuuuHH!!!!!!!
The sheath in which a hair develops is a ______?
~Follicle
In a species with 24 chromosomes in somatic cells, meiosis would result in germ cells containing ______chromosomes?
~ 12
An infestation acquired by eating undercooked pork is __________?
~Trichomosis
Untreated pregnancy induced hypertension can lead to a more serious disorder called ____________?
~ Eclampsia
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive gene is called a _______?
~ carrier
Treatment of cancer by stimulation of a patient's immune system is termed ________________?
~ Immunotherapy
The threadlike nuclear bodies that contain the genes are called__________?
~DNA
tHE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES IN A HUMAN OVUM IS_______?
~ 23
The percentage of the population that dies from a given disease within a period of time is called the_______________?
~ Mortality rate
Milk passes from the mammary gland lobes to the nipple via the ____________ducts.
~ Lactiferous
The small swelling on the sides of the embryo that will develop into arms & legs are the_______ ________?
~ Limb buds
The medical term for the skin rash called hives is ________?
~Urticaria
Eye color is a trait that is part of an individuals_______?
~ phenotype
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is caused by a pathogen called ___________?
~HIV
CONDITIONS OF DISEASE NOTED BY THE PATIENT ARE CALLED______?
~ Symptoms
Any disorder preseent @ the time of birth is termed______?
~ congenital
The fluid that fills the spaceanterior to the lens is the __________ ________?
~ Aqueous Humor
The MMR vaccine protects against mumps, measles, and ________?
~ Rubella
The power of an organism to produce disease is called _______?
~ Virulence
The period of development within the uterus is called_________?
~ Gestation
The baby is delivered during the _________ stage of labor?
~ 2nd stage
The anion critically involved in bone formation is__________?
~ Phosphate
A solution containing antibodies that is administered to provide short-term immunity is called_______?
~ vaccine (Immune Serum)
Deep pressure receptors are also called ________ ________?
~ Pacinian Corpuscles
A change in the DNA sequence of a gene is an example of a __________?
~ Mutation
Parturition is facilitated by the actions of a hormone that softens the cervix and relaxes the pubic symphysis> This hormone is called_______?
~ relaxin
Ms L, aged 15, suffers from blackheads, and pimples on her face and neck. The most likely diagnosis is ______ ?
~ Acne Vulgaris
The hormone that increases water, but not sodium, reabsorption in the kidney is _________?
~ antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
tHE ABDOMINAL ORGAN THAT CONTROLS SALT EXCRETION IS THE ________?
~ KIDNEY
THE UNIT FORMED BY THE UNION OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS IS AN ________?
~ molecule
The large lymphatic vessel that drains all of the body except the upper right portion is named the ________?
~ thoracic duct
Genes are segments of a substance called_________?
~ DNA
a BABY WITH 6 FINGERS HAS A CONDITION CALLED_________?
~ Polydactyly
CDC is the abbreviation for the _________________________?
~ Center for Disease Control
(CDC)
pREMATURE DETACHMENT OF THE PLACENTA FROM THE UTERINE WALL RESULTS IN _______ ______?
~ aBRUPTO pLACENTA
tHE GAMETE THAT DETERMINES THE SEX OF THE OFFSPRING IS THE ____________?
~ Spermatazoan
The major hormone that decreases blood calcium levels is produced by the________?
~ Thyroid
The tonsils located on either side of the soft palate are the_____________?
~ Palatine tonsils
The special capillaries in the small intestine that absorb digested nutrients are the _________?
~ Lacteals
A vesicle filled with pus is called a ________?
~ pustule
Inflammation of Lymphatic vessels is known as__________?
~ Lymphangitis
Excess bile pigments in the blood result in a condition called________?
~ Jaundice
The process of killing every living organism in a test tube is called__________?
~ sterilization
~ The process is called Autoclaving
An episiotomy would be performed during the ________ stage of labor.
~ 4th
An insect or animal that transmits a disease-calling organism from one host to another is __________?
~ a Vector
Following exposure to an antigen, B cells differentiate into either plasma cells or ________ cells.
~ Memory cells
Human cells contain one pair of sex chromosomes and 22 pairs of_____________?
~ Autosomes
A genetic disease that can be controlled by large doses of thiamin and dietary control is _______ _________ ________?
~ Maple Syrup Syndrome
* extremely thick "maple" smell to the urine*****
The eyelashes are associated with modified sebaceous glands called__________glands.
~ Lacrimal glands
Lymphocytes that suppress the immune responce are called ___________?
~ T-cells
or Regulator T cells
A negatively-charged particle orbiting the nucleus of an atom is called___________?
~Electron
White blood cells take in foreign material by the process of ______________?
~ Phagocytosis
The complimentary/alternative medicine approach that uses manipulation to correct musculoskeletal disorders is called________ _________?
~ Chiropractic medicine
A circulating protein that binds a specific antigen is called a______________?
~ Antibody
The cranial nerve that carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain is the _________ ________?
~ Optic Nerve ( cranial nerve 2)
The oily secretion from the sebaceous glands is __________?
~ Sebum
The nutrient type that is absorbed into lymphatic caplillaries instead of blood capillaries is _______?
~ Fat
Aldosterone is produced in the ____________ __________?
~ Adrenal glands
Acid-fast positive cells retain the color_________ after staining?
~ red
Lymph vessel blockage by filariae results in a disease called_________?
~ Elaphantitis
A substance in which another substance is dissolved is called an ___________?
~ solvent
Traits determined by more than one gene pair are termed__________?
~ multifactoval
***Allele*****
A form of an element that differs in its atomic weight from other forms of that same element is an __________?
~ Isotope
A bacteria that resembles a corkscrew would belong to the category___________?
~ spirochete/Spirilla
The membrane that lines the eyelid is the _________?
~ conjuctiva
Water moves readily between fluid compartments by the process of__________?
~ Osmosis
JL has a cat with feline distemper. The vetrinarian tells her that there is no chance that she will catch her cat's disease. JL's immunity to feline distemper is called ____________ ________?
~ species inborn immunity
Down syndrome results from an extra copy of chromosome _____?
~ 21
A gentle touch would be detected by touch receptors called__________ __________?
~ Meissner's Corpuscles
The muscle that regulates the size of the pupil is the __________?
`~ ciliary body
Compounds that release ions in solution are called _______?
~ Electrolytes
A surface skin lesion that is small, round, and neither raised nor depressed is called a _______?
~ Macule
An acid is a substance that donates a _______ ion to another substance.
~ H+
Infections associated with childbirth are called________?
~ Puerperal infection
Hairlike extensions that sweep imputities out of the respiratory tract are called______?
~ Cilia
The system consisting of monocytes and macrophages that destroy worn-out blood cells, bacteria, and cancer cells is called the__________?
~ Lymphatic System
Tissue death can result in a deep lesion called _________?
~ RETICULOENDOTHELIAL SYSTEM
An immune reaction to a substance that is normally harmless to most people is termed an _________?
~ Allergic reaction
A common responce to tissue transplantation, in which antibodies are produced against the transplanted tissue, is ____________?
~ Alloimmunity rejection syndrome
Recessive sex-linked diseases are most common in individuals of the ________gender?
~ Male
The element that is combined with oxygen in water is______?
~ hydrogen
Mr. B suffers from chronic heartburn. He ingests large quantities of antacids, and complains of tingling sensations and muscle twitches. He is probably suffering from an acid-base disorder called________?
~metabolic alkolosis
The substance released during the inflammatory reaction that causes small blood vessels to dilate is ________?
~ Histamine
The pharygeal tonsil is also called the ____________?
~ Adenoids
Mr. P has a suppressed immune system as a result of chemotherapy. He is afflicted with a rare skin fungus that is not observed in people witha funstioning immune systems. His sskin fungus is n example of an _________ infection?
~ Oppurtunistic infection
A mixture in which the components seperate unless shaken is an__________?
~ suspension
The word part chir/o refers to _______?
~ hand (think chiropractor)
The dilution of body fluids resulting from excessive water intake is called _______ _________?
~ Water Intoxification
The hormone that stimulates milk let-down is ________?
~ Oxytocin
A substance with a pH 4.0 is _______ acidic than a substance with a pH 6.0
~ More
Diseases in which the immune system perceives one's own cells as foreign are collectively called ________ __________?
~ Autoimmune dieases
The union of theovum and the sperm cell results in the formation of an ________?
~ Zygote
The implantation of a zygote in the ovaduct results in a ________?
~ Ectopic pregnacy
The mixture of leukocytes and fluid that forms in an inlamed region is called the _________?
~ Pus
The atomic number is based on the number of ________?
~ Protons
All proteins, but not sugars, contain the element________?
~ Nitrogen
ONe's genetic makeup is called the _________?
~ genotype
A picture of chromosomes lined up in pairs is an ________?
~ Karyotype
The modified sweat gland at the edge of the eyelid are called_______ glands?
~ ciliary glands
The fluid in joint cavities is called ________?
~ Synovial
The general term for any disease of the lymph nodes is__________?
~ Lymphodenopathy
Macrophages found in the lungs are called________?
~ dust cells
A complete family history designed to elucidate the inheritance of a particular disease is called________?
~ pedigree
The word part -cele means_____?
~ Swelling
A substance with a pH 4.0 is _______ acidic than a substance with a pH 6.0
~ More
Diseases in which the immune system perceives one's own cells as foreign are collectively called ________ __________?
~ Autoimmune dieases
The union of theovum and the sperm cell results in the formation of an ________?
~ Zygote
The implantation of a zygote in the ovaduct results in a ________?
~ Ectopic pregnacy
The mixture of leukocytes and fluid that forms in an inlamed region is called the _________?
~ Pus
The atomic number is based on the number of ________?
~ Protons
All proteins, but not sugars, contain the element________?
~ Nitrogen
ONe's genetic makeup is called the _________?
~ genotype
A picture of chromosomes lined up in pairs is an ________?
~ Karyotype
The modified sweat gland at the edge of the eyelid are called_______ glands?
~ ciliary glands
The fluid in joint cavities is called ________?
~ Synovial
The general term for any disease of the lymph nodes is__________?
~ Lymphodenopathy
Macrophages found in the lungs are called________?
~ dust cells
A complete family history designed to elucidate the inheritance of a particular disease is called________?
~ pedigree
The word part -cele means_____?
~ Swelling
The accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is_______?
~ Ascites
Any organism that lives in or on a host at the hosts expense is called a ___________?
~ Parasite
The tunic of the eye that contains photoreceptors is the ___________?
~ Retina
The prenatal screening method that extracts fetal cells from the fluid surrounding the fetus is called___________?
~ Amniocentesis
The vessel that carries oxygenated blood to the fetus is called _____________?
~ Umbilical VEIN
Ageneral term referring to ANY SKIN disease is _____________?
~ Dermatosis
The jellylike material that fills the eyeball is called the _________ _________?
~ Vitreous Humor
A common stain that turns POSITIVE MICROORGANISMS A BLUISH-PURPLE COLOR is the____________?
~Gram +
The fluid that is carried in the lymphatic system is called__________?
~ Lymph Fluid
The Austrian Monk who used peas to elucidate the basic principles of heredity was named____________ _________?
~ Gregor Mendel
The anion (negatively charged) found in DNA & RNA is_______________?
~PHOSPHATE
A pathogen coated with antibodies may be destroyed by a group of nonspecific blood proteins called________?
~ Compliments
Bacteria shaped like a straighjt slender rod are called___________?
~Bacilli
The sugar that is commonly administered intravenously is called ____________?
~Dextrose
Inflammation of the skin is called ___________?
~ Dermatitis
A developing offspring @ 6 weeks gestation is known as a__________?
~ an Embryo
A disease without a known cause is termed __________?
~ Idiopathic
Yeasts are examples of a type of microorganism called____________?
~ Fungi
Emphysema can be associated with an acid-base disorder called____________?
~ Respiratory Acidosis
The range of a disease according to a geography or particular population is called its ____________?
~Incidence
Excessive thirst is called________?
~ Polydipsia
The prefix poly- means________?
~ many
The bending of light rays as they pass through the eye is called _____________?
~ refraction
The hormone produced by the thymus gland is called_______?
~ Thymosin
Any fluid OUTSIDE CELLS is called___________?
~EXTRACELLULAR FLUID
The element that is the basis of organic chemistry is___________?
~ Carbon
Young Ms L, aged 2, will only wear orange clithes and eat orange food. Her mother fears she has jaundice, because her skin is yellow. The doctor informs her that excessive intake of orange vegetables is the cause, a condition called___________?
~ Carotenemia
A malignant tumor of melanin-forming cells is a ___________?
~ Melanoma
The word part zygo- means ________?
~ Joined
The development of all body systems has been initiated by the end of the ______ trimester?
~ 1st
The word part corne/o means________?
~horny
Antibodies are contained in the plasma portion called the ___________?
~ gammaglobulin
A word part meaning gland is __________?
~ Aden/o
The structure composed of maternal and fetal tissue that nourishes the fetus is called the __________?
~ Placenta
A hormone synthesized by the placenta that prepares the breasts for lactation and alters maternal metabolism is ____________________________?
~ Human Placental Lactogen
A small mass of tissue along the path of a lymphatic vessel is called a ________________?
~ Lymph node
An uncharged particle in the nucleus of an atom is called a _____________?
~ Enzyme
The fluid in the central nervous system is called _________?
~ cerebral spinal fluid
The word part tox- means____________?
~ Poison
One of the factors initiating labor may be the INHIBITION OF PROGESTERONE by the fetal hormone _______________?
~ Cortisol
High blood calcium stimulates the release of____________?
~ Calcitonin
Any escape of fluid into a cavity or space is called___________?
~ Effusion
A common form of malignant lymphoma in which Reed-Stenberg cells are NOT PRESENT in a biopsied lymph nodes is _________ _________?
~ Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
Following implantation, the fertilized egg is known as an _______________?
~ Embryo
A hereditary lack of melanin results in a disorder called ___________?
~ Albinism
The intended portion of lymph nodes that serves as an exit site for lymphatic vessels is called the __________?
~ Hilus
The enlarged portion of the thoracic duct is called the _______ ___________?
~ Cisterna Chyli
The ________ lymph nodes are found in the neck ?
~ Cervical
A chemical produced by living cells that kills other organisms is called an ______?
~ Antibiotic
The fertilization of two ova by two spermatazoa results in _____________ twins ?
~ Fraternal
A charged atom or group of atoms is called an __________?
~ Ion
The mammary glands produce small amounts of a fluid called_______ for several days following parturition.
~ Colostrum
Visual impulses are transmitted from the retina to the cortex of the ________ __________?
~ Occipital Lobe
An individual's suseptibility to disease, is called hi/her ____________?
~ Predisposition
The study of how disease affects body functioning is called ____________?
~ Pathophysiology
A word part meaning "poison" is __________?
~ Tox/o
The thirst center is located in the _______________?
~ Hypothalamus
An _______ disease is relatively severe but of a short duration.
~ Acute
Prolonged vomiting can result in metabolic __________?
~ Alkalosis
The type of cell division that produces spermatazoa is called _____________?
~ Gametomeiosis
A solution used for immunizatin is called a ___________?
~ Vaccination
Mr. M. is watching penguins at Cape Crozier in Antartica. The blood vessels in Mr. M's dermis are most likely narrowed, or ____________?
~ Constricted
Surgical removal of the spleen is known as __________?
~ Spleenectomy