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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What body cavity membrane lines the internal body walls?
Parietal serosa
What body cavity membrane covers the internal organs?
Visceral serosa
What are the functions of the integumentary system?
Protection, body temperature regulation, cutaneous sensation, metabolic functions, blood reservoir, and excretion.
What is the epidermis made of?
Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
What is the dermis made of?
Dense irregular and areolar connective tissue.
What are the functions of the arrector pilli muscle?
Temperature control, defensive mechanism, and release of sebum by sebaceous glands.
What are the functions of body membranes?
Covers surfaces, line body cavities and form protective (and often lubricating) sheets around organs.
What are the two major categories of body membranes?
Epithelial membranes and synovial membranes.
What are the three major varieties of epithelial membranes?
Cutaneous membrane (skin), mucous, and serous membrane.
The axial skeleton consists of how many bony and how many major regions?
80 bones; Skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage
What is the function of cranial bones?
Provide sites of attachment for head and neck
What is function of facial bones?
Provides sites of attachment for teeth and muscles of facial expression
What are the facial bones?
2 Lacrimal bones, 2 nasal bones, 2 zygomatic bones, 2 maxillae, 2 palatine bones, 2 inferior nasal conchae, mandible, and vomer.
What are the bones of the cranium?
2 parietal bones, 2 temporal bones, frontal bone, occipital bone, sphenoid, and ethmoid
What type of muscle is voluntary, striated, and multi-nucleated?
Skeletal muscle
What type of muscle is involuntary, striated, uninucleated, branched, and has intercalated disks?
Cardiac muscle
What type of muscle is involuntary, non-striated, and uni-nucleated?
Smooth muscle
What are the 12 cranial nerves?
I- Olfactory, II- Optic, III- Oculomotor, IV- Trochlear, V- Trigeminal, VI- Abducens, VII- Facial, IX- Glossopharyngeal, X- Vagus, XI- Accessory, XII- Hypoglossal.
What are the 4 fontanelles?
Anterior, posterior, sphenoidal, and mastoid
What are ribs 1-7 called?
True ribs, or vertebrosternal
What are ribs 8-10 called?
False ribs, or vertebrochondral
What are ribs 11 and 12 called?
Vertebral, or floating ribs.
What are the ligaments of the vertebral column?
Anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments, ligamentum flavum, and short ligaments.
What is the inner gelatinous nucleus that gives the disc its elasticity and compressibility?
Nucleus pulposus
What is the outer collar composed of collagen and fibrocartilage?
Anulus fibrosus
What are the functions of the thoracic cage?
Protects vital organs of the thoracic cavity, supports shoulder girdle and upper limbs, and provides attachment sites for many muscles.
What are the fused bones of the sternum?
Manubrium, body, and xiphoid process.
What are the bones of the pectoral girdle?
Clavicle and scapula
What is the location and function of simple squamous epithelium?
Endothelia lining of the heart and blood vessels, alveoli of lungs (reduces friction, controls vessel permeability, performs absorption and secretion)
What is the location and function of simple cuboidal epithelium?
Glands and ducts, portion of kidney tubules (secretion, absorption)
What is the location and function of simple columnar epithelium?
Lining of stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterine tubes, and collecting ducts of kidneys (protection, secretion, absorption)
What is the location and function of stratified squamous epithelium?
Surface of skin, lining of mouth, esophagus, anus, vagina (physical protection against abrasion, pathogens, and chemical attack)
What is the location and function of stratified cuboidal epithelium?
Lining of some ducts (protection, secretion, absorption)
What is the location and function of stratified columnar epithelium?
Small areas of pharynx, epiglottis, mammary gland, salivary gland ducts, and urethra (protection)
What is the location and function of psuedostratified columnar epithelium?
Lining of nasal cavity, trachea, and bronchi (protection, secretion)
What is the location and function of transitional epithelium?
Urinary bladder, renal pelvis; ureters (permits expansion and recoil after stretching)
What is the location and function of areolar tissue?
Dermis of skin, pleura (cushions organs, provides support but permits independent movement)
What is the location and function of adipose tissue?
Deep to skin, buttocks, breasts (provides padding and cushions shock; insulates, stores energy)
What is the location and function of reticular tissue?
Liver, kidney, spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow (Provides supporting framework)
What is the location and function of dense regular CT?
Between skeletal muscles and skeleton (provides firm attachment, reduces friction between muscles)
What is the location and function of elastic tissue?
Between vertebrae of the spinal column (stabilizes positions of vertebrae and penis)
What is the location and function of hyaline cartilage?
Between tips of ribs and bones of sternum (provides stiff but flexible support)
What is the location and function of elastic cartilage?
Auricle of external ear (provides support but tolerates distortion without damage to original shape)
What is the location and function of fibrous cartilage?
Pads within knee joint (Resists compression)
What is the location and function of areolar tissue?
Dermis of skin, pleura (cushions organs, provides support but permits independent movement)
What is the location and function of adipose tissue?
Deep to skin, buttocks, breasts (provides padding and cushions shock; insulates, stores energy)
What is the location and function of reticular tissue?
Liver, kidney, spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow (Provides supporting framework)
What is the location and function of dense regular CT?
Between skeletal muscles and skeleton (provides firm attachment, reduces friction between muscles)
What is the location and function of elastic tissue?
Between vertebrae of the spinal column (stabilizes positions of vertebrae and penis)
What is the location and function of hyaline cartilage?
Between tips of ribs and bones of sternum (provides stiff but flexible support)
What is the location and function of elastic cartilage?
Auricle of external ear (provides support but tolerates distortion without damage to original shape)
What is the location and function of fibrous cartilage?
Pads within knee joint (Resists compression)