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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gravida-
pregnant woman
Gravidity-
pregnancy
Viablity-
capacity to live outside the uterus(22wks gest. or 500g wt.)
Multigrvida-
2/+ pregnancys
Primgravida-
pregnant for 1st time
Parity-
# of pregnancies that have reached viablity
Nullipara-
no completion of a preg. to viablity
Primapara-
one preg. thta has reached viablity
Postdate or postterm-
>42 wks. gestation
Preterm-
>20 wks. but <37 wks.
Term-
38-42 wks.
GTPAL:
-total # of preg.
-# of term births.
-# of pre-term births.
-# of abortions
-# of currently living

G4 T2 P2 A0 L5 (had twins once)
hCG:
Marker of preg. Can detect in blood 6-11d after conception and in urine 26d. Higher level- ectopic... lower-miscarriage
ELISA-
most pop. Can detect hCG in urine 4d after implantation, results in 5 min. Color change. Anticonvulsants and tranqulizers and give false +s. Phenergan/diuretics can give false -s.
Godell sign-
softening of the cervical lip occurs at 6 wks in unscarred cervix
Chadwicks sign-
deep bluish cervical color from increases pelvic conjestion- at 6-8 wks
Ballotment-
movement of the unengaged fetus moving around- at 16-18 wks
Quickeing-
feeling of the fetal movement mistaken for peristalsis or a "flutter"- 16-20 wks for nullipara and 14-16 for multipara
Operculum-
acts as a cervial barrier against bacteria
Montgomery's tubercles-
sebaceous glands around the areola. keep nipple lubed for feeding
When does progressive breast enlargement occour?
2nd 3rd tri.
When is a murmur heard?
after 20 wks
When is BP at its lowest?
Lateral recumbent
Supine Hypotensive Syndrome:
when SBP falls below 30mg/Hg, after 5 min. bradycardia, women feels faint, vena cava is probably supressed, decrease bl. press. to legs-> edema, varicous v., hemroids
Renal pelves and ureters dilate by:
10 wks->greater urine volume-> increase UTIs
Diuretics in preg?
NO! risk of hypovalemia and altered tissue perfusion
Glucoseuria:
can be seen with stress and maternal diabetes
Ptorienuria w HTN can indicate:
PIH
Cholasma:
blotchy "mask", hyperpigmentation, at 16 wks, caused by melanotropin in ant. pit. hormie
Adrenal cortocoids can cause:
striae gravidarum
Carpal tunnel:
occurs d/t peripheral nerve edema and is char. by paresthesias to the hands and forearms
Acroesthesia-
cause by a s stoop shouldered stance
Morning Sickness-
4-6 wks and decreases at 12 wks
Preg. with N/V:
less risk of miscarriage ,preterm labor, and IUGR