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37 Cards in this Set

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Ventral Cav.

2 major subdivisions
Thoracic


Abdominopelvic
Thoracic Cav.

3 subdivisions
Pleural - lungs

mediastinum - inc. peri, esoph, trachea, etc.
pericardial - heart
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
DOUBLE LAYER WITH PORES WHICH ALLOW MATERIAL TO ENTER FROM THE CYTOPLASM, OR EXIT FROM NUCLEOUS
NUCLEOLI
IN NUCLEUS - GRANDULARS OF PROTEIN, DNA, RNA
PROPHASE (EARLY)
MITOSIS - CELL DIV. STARTS. EARLY - NUC. INTACT.
MICROTUBULES EXTEND FROM THE CENTRIOLES TO FORM EARLY MITOTIC SPINDLES. CENTRIOLES START TO SEP. FROM EACH OTHER.
CHROMATIN COIL AND CONDENSE - FORM CHROMOSOMES
NUCLEOLI DISAPPEARS (STARTS)
PROPHASE (LATE)
CHUNKS OF NUC. BROKEN APART BY ASTERS.
SPINDLE TAKES OVER CENTER
SPINDLES CAUSE "TUG OF WAR" - DRAWS CHROMOSOMES TO MIDDLE.
METAPHASE
2ND ACTIVE PHASE

THE CHROMOSOMES CLUSTER IN THE MIDDLE
ANAPHASE
3RD ACTIVE - REALLY 4TH

CENTOMERES OF CHROMOSOMES SPLIT
EACH CHROMOTID NOW BECOMES CHROMOSOME OF ITS OWN.

CHROMOSOMES ARE PULLED TOWARD POLES. CELL ELONGATES AND CHROMO. LOOK "V" SHAPED
TELEPHASE
LAST - PULLING APART - GETTING 'CLEAVAGE' WHICH EVENTUALLY SQUEEZES CELLS APART

NUC. STARTS FORMING ON BOTH SIDES. CHROMO UNCOIL AND BECOME CHROMATIN

MITOSIS ENDS: CYTOKINESIS COMPLETES THE DIVISION INTO 2 DAUGHTER CELLS
tRNA
TRANSFER RNA - TRANSFERS AMINO ACIDS TO THE RIBOSOME

tRNA BINDS WITH SPECIFIC AMINO ACIDS (ACTIVATED BY ATP) THEN MIGRATES TO RIBO., THEN MOVES A.A. TO PROPER POSITION AS SPECIFIED BY CODONS ON mRNA STRAND
PHOSPHOLIPIDS IN CELL MEMBRANE
LOLLIPOP SHAPED EACH HAS:

POLAR HEAD - HYDROPHILIC

NON POLAR TAIL - HYDROPHOBIC - MADE OF 2 FATTY ACID CHAINS
FIVE JOBS OF PROTEIN
MEMBRANE CHANNELS
CARRIER MOLECULES
RECEPTOR MOLECULES (INTERCELLULAR COMMUN)
ENZYMES (LYSOSOMES, PEROXYSOMES)
STRUCTUAL SUPPORTS - FIB.CART, COLLAGEN
FUNCTIONS OF A CELL
BASIC UNIT OF LIFE
PROTECTION AND SUPPORT
MOVEMENT
COMMUNICATION
CELL METABOLISM AND ENERGY RELEASE (ATP)
WHAT IS A CELL MEMBRANE MADE OF?
PHOSPHOLIPIDS AND PROTEIN
PHOSPHOLIPIDS - DEF AND FUNCTION
MODIFIED LIPID - CONTAINS PHOSPHEROUS

CHIEF COMPONENT OF CELL MEMB.
MAY PARTIC IN TRANS OF LIPIDS IN PLASMA
IN NERVOUS TISSUE
IS THE LIPID BILAYER (ALONG WITH SMALLER AMTS OF CHOL AND GLYCOLIPIDS
DNA
IN NUCLEUS
IS THE GENETIC MATERIAL
DIRECTS PROT SYN; REPLICATES ITSELF BEFORE CELL DIVISION
SUGAR - DEOXYRIBOSE
BASES - A-T ADENINE-THYMINE
C-G CYTOSINE-GUANINE
DOUBLE STRAND COILED/DBL HELIX
RNA
LOCATED CHIEFLY OUTSIDE NUC. CARRIES OUT ORDERS FOR PROTEIN SYS ISSUED BY DNA

SINGLE STRAND - STRAIGHT OR FOLDED

C-G CYTOSINE-GUANINE
A-U ADENINE-URACIL

SUGAR - RIBOSE
TISSUE - 4 TYPES
EPITHELIUM

MUSCLE

CONNECTIVE

NERVOUS
LEVELS OF STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION

SMALL - LARGEST
CHEM LEVEL - ATOMS, MOLECULES, ORGENELLES

CELLULAR LEVEL

TISSUE LEVEL

ORGAN LEVEL
ORG. SYSTEM
ORGANISMAL SYSTEM - HIGHEST
MITOCHONDRIA
SPHERICAL - ROD SHAPED WITH A DOUBLE MEMB. CRISTAE INSIDE
THE ENERGY SOURCE OF THE CELL - POWERHOUSE

MATERNAL DNA FROM MOTHER

SITE OF ATP SYNTHESIS
PEROXISOMES
MICROBODIES - PRODUCE HYDROGEN PEROXIDE INSIDE THE CELL

BREAKDOWN FAT INSIDE CELL (DETOX - IMPORTANT FOR LIVER)
CENTROMES
NEAR NUC. USUALLY PAIRED

HELPS SEPARATE MATERIAL AS IT DIVIDES
MICROTUBULES
TUBES MADE OF PROTEIN. IMPORTANT TO SHAPE OF CELL; INVOLVED IN INTRACELLULAR
GOLGI BODY
SAC LIKE ORGANELLE NEAR NUC.

PRODUCES LYSOSOMES. PACKAGES EXPORT FROM THE CELL
LYSOSOMES
SPHERICAL ORGANELLES CONTAINING DIGESTIVE ENZYMES
MICROFILAMENTS
MADE OF PROTEIN

INVOLVED IN MOVEMENT

LIKE STRING
VACUOLES
SUCK WASTE PRODUCTS FROM STRUCTURE FROM METABOLISM IN THE CYTOPLASM
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
STRAW LIKE - TRANSPORTS FROM EXTRACELLULAR TO INTR.
SITE OF LIPID AND STEROID SYSNTHESIS
LOCATED BY CELL MEMBRANE
ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
LOOKS ROUGH BECAUSE OF RIBOSOMES (WHERE PROT. IS PRODUCES)
BY NUCLEUS
ESSEN. FOR PROT. SYNTHESIS
NUCLEOLUS
ORGANELLE WITHIN THE NUCLEUS WHERE RIBOSOMAL RNA IS PRODUCED
RIBOSOMES
WHERE PROTEIN IS PRODUCES BY NUCLEUS ON ROUGH, TINY

FLOATING IN CYTO OR ON ROUGH ER
NUCLEUS
SPHERICAL BODY
USUALLY DARKLY STAINED AREA
CONTROLLING FUNCTION OF THE CELL BY PROTEIN PRODUCTION AND CHROMOSOMES. DICTATES AMTS. OF PROT. TO BE SYN IN RESPONSE TO SIGNALS ACTING ON THE CELL
NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
DBL MEMBRANE
PORES
SEPARATES NUCLEOPLASM FROM CYTOPLASM
OUTER MEMBRANE CONTINUOUS WITH ROUGH ER
CHROMOTIN
IN NUCLEOPLASM
LOOSELY COILED DNA, GENES - CARRY THE HEREDITY FACTORS
DNA MOLECULE MAKE UP
BASE (B)

SUGAR (S)

PHOSPHATE (P)
CHROMOSOMES
IN NUCLEOPLASM
BARLIKE BODIES OF TIGHTLY COILED CHROMATIN; VISIBLE DURING CELL DIV, WHEN CHROMATIN THREADS COIL AND CONDENSE AND FORM THE SHORT BARLIKE BODIES.

23 PAIRS = 46 TOTAL
INTERPHASE
ORGANELLES ARE BUSY GROWING & CELL IS GETTING BIG
THE TOTAL PERIOD FROM CELL FORMATION UNTIL CELL DIVISION

CARRYING OUT ALL OF ITS LIFE SUSTAINING REACTIONS AND PREPARING FOR THE NEXT CELL DIVISION