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46 Cards in this Set

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LARGEST ORGAN OF THE BODY AND ACCOUNTS FOR 15% BODY WT
SKIN
3 LAYERS OF THE SKIN
EPIDERMIS
DERMIS
HYPODERMIS
6 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN
PROTECTION
VITAMIN D SYNTHESIS
EXTENSIVE SENSORY FUNCTIONS
THERMOREGULULATION
EXCRETION & ABSORPTION
RESERVOIR(8-10% BLOOD)
THE MOST OUTER LAYER OF SKIN CONSISTS OF 5 LAYERS
EPIDERMIS
DEEPEST BASE LAYER OF SINGLE ROW OF CELLS WHERE MITOSIS TAKES PLACE
STRATUM BASALE
RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOLLOWING CELL TYPES
KERATINOCYTES
MELANOCYTES
MERKEL CELLS
LANGERHANS CELLS
STRATUM BASALE
CONSITS OF 8-10 LAYERS OF KERATINOCYTES PROVIDES STRUCTURE AND STABLITILY CONTAINS LANGERHANS
STRATUM SPINOSUM
THE MIDDLE LAYER OF 3-5 LAYERS HELP FOR KERATIN
CONTAINS LAMELLAR GRANULES HELPS SKIN REPEL WATER
STRATUM GRANULOSUM
FOUND ONLY IN THE THICK SKIN OF THE PALMS, FINGERTIPS, SOLES OF FEET
STRATUM LUCIDUM
OUTER MOST LAYER OF THE DERMIS CONTAINS 30 LAYERS OF DEAD SKIN SHEDS AND REPLACED CONTINUALLY
STRATUM CORNEUM
COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF CONN TISSUE MAINLY COLLAGEN, ELASTIC AND RETICULAR FIBERS
DERMIS
2 CATEGORIS OF DERMIS
PAPILLARY REGION
RETICULAR REGION
SUPERFICIAL PART OF DERMIS THAT CONTAINS A WAVY BOUNDRY HOUSES CAPILLARIES, NERVE ENDINGS AND TOUCH SENSORS
PAPILLARY REGION
DEEPER REGION OF EPIDERMIS MADE OF DENSE IRREGULAR TISSUE CONTAINS NAIL ROOTS FOLLICLES GLANDS AFFECTED BY STRETCH MARKS
RETICULAR REGION
KNOWN AS THE SUBCUT
TISSUE OR SUPERFICIAL FASCIA
HYPODERMIS
SERVES AS A STORAGE SITE FOR LARGE BLOOD VESSELS AND FAT HOUSES LAMELLATED OR PACINIAN CORPUSCLES
HYPODERMIS
3 PIGMENTS THAT DETERMINE SKIN COLOR
MELANIN/BROWN, TAN AND REDDISH HUES
CAROTENE YELLOWISH
HEMOGLOBIN PINK & FLESH TONES
CELL DIVISION CAUSES IMMATURE KERATINOCTYES TO SHED AND SILVERY SCALES TO DEVELOP
PSORIASIS
REDDNESS OF THS SKIN CAUSED BY ENGORGMENT OF THE CAPILLARIES AT DERMIS LAYER
ERYTHEMA
OIL GLANDS PRODUCE OILY SECRETION CALLED SEBUM TO MOISTURIZE SKIN
SEBACEOUS GLANDS
PRODUCES SWEAT TO EXCRETE WASTES AND COOL THE BODY THROUGH EVAPORATION
SUDORIFEROUS GLANDS
(SWEAT GLANDS)
RESPONSIBLE FOR THERMOREGULATION THROUGH WATERY PERSPIRATION TO COOL THE BODY
ECCRINE/MEDRCRINE GLANDS
SCENT GLANDS STIMULATED DURING STRESS OR SEXULAL EXCITEMENT
APOCRINE GLANDS
MODIFIED APOCRINE SWEAT GLANDS PRODUCING BREAST MILK
MAMMARY GLANDS
MODIFIED SWEAT GLANDS IN THE INNER EAR
CERUMINOUS GLANDS
FINE UNPIGMENTED HAIR THAT COVERS THE FETUS
LANUGO
FINE UNPIGMENTED HAIR THAT COVERS MOST OF THE BODY
VELLUS
THE PIGMENTED HAIR THAT WE NORMALLY THINK OF PROVIDES PROTECTION FOR THE SCALP
TERMINAL
BASE OF A HAIR FOLLICLE CONTAINS MATRIX , RESPONSIBLE FOR HAIR GROWTH
BULB
HAS EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL ROOT
FOLLICLE
PROJECTS ABOVE THE SKIN AND ROOT COMPOSED OF THE INNER MEDULLA
SHAFT
CONTRACTS TO PULL THE HAIR VERTICALLY (GOOSE BUMPS)
ARRECTOR PILI MUSCLE
PLATES OF VERY TIGHTLY PACKED KERATINIZED EPIDERMAL CELLS
NAILS
5 PARTS OF THE NAIL
BODY- VISIBLE PORTION
ROOT: UNDER SKIN
MATRIX- CREATES NAIL BODY THROUGH MITOSIS
EPONYCHIUM (CUTICLE)
LUNULA- WHITISH CRESCENT SHAPED PORTION OF NAIL BODY
MOST COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER CHANCES INCREASE WITH AGE AND UV LIGHT
SKIN CANCER
MOST FREQUENT TYPE OF SKIN CANCER LEAST DANGEROUS SLOW METASTISIS 78%
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
BEGINS IN THE STRATUM SPINOSUM EASILY CURABLE BUT POTENIALLY FATAL 20%
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
LEAST COMMON BUT MOST DEADLY DEVEOPES FROM PREEXISTING MOLES
MALIGNANT MELANOMA
MOST MILD BURN JUST TOP LAYERS OF SKIN REDDNESS INVOLVES ONLY EPIDERMIS
FIRST DEGREE BURN
MEDIUM SEVERITY TYPE BURN MIDDLE LAYERS OF THE SKIN NVOLVES EPIDERMIS POSSIBLY DERMIS FLUID FILLED BLISTERS PAINFUL PRONE TO INFECTIONS
2ND DEGREE BURN
MOST SEVERE BURN LOSS OF FUNCTION AND MARKED EDEMA FULL THICKNESS
3RD DEGREE BURN
USED IN EMERGENCY MEDICINE TO ESTIMATE THE AMT OF OF BODY SURFACE AREA BURNED
ALLOWS TO ESTIMATE FLUID LOSS TO PREVENT SHOCK
RULE OF 9'S
HEAD/NECK 9%
EACH ARM 9 %
EACH LEG 18%
EACH SIDE OF TRUNK 18%
GENITIAL AREA 1%
SEPERATES THE 2 SKIN LAYERS
BASEMENT MEMBRANE
LACKS BLOOD VESSELS
EPIDERMIS
DEEPEST LAYER OF EPIDERMIS WELL CAN DIVIDE AND GROW BECAUSE THEY ARE NOURISHED SO WELL BY BLOOD VESSELS
STRATUM BASALE
OLDER SKIN CELLS ARE CALLED KERATINOCYTES AND ARE HELD TOGETHER BY
DESMOSOMES