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62 Cards in this Set

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Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure;above
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body;below
anterior
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
ventral
belly side of an animal; thus the inferior surface;on humans synonymous to anterior
dorsal
back side of an animal; thus the superior surface; on humans synonymous to posterior
deep
away from the body surface
superficial
toward or at the body surface
distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
proximal
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
intermediate
between a more medial and more lateral structure
lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
medial
toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
posterior
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
antecubital
anterior surface of elbow
axillary
armpit
brachial
arm
buccal
cheek area
carpal
wrist
cervical
neck region
coxal
hip
crural
leg
digital
fingers;toes
femoral
thigh
fibular
lateral part of leg
inguinal
area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
nasal
nose area
oral
mouth
orbital
eye area
patellar
anterior knee
pelvic
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pubic
genital region
sternal
breastbone area
tarsal
ankle region
thoracic
chest
umbilical
navel
cephalic
head
deltoid
curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle
gluteal
buttock
lumbar
area of back between ribs and hips
occipital
posterior surface of head
popliteal
posterior knee area
sacral
area between hips
scapular
shoulder blade region
sural
the posterior surface of lower leg; calf
vertebral
area of spine
sagittal section
a cut along a lengthwise or longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left parts
midsagittal or median section
a cut along a lengthwise or longitudinal plane dividing the body into EQUAL right and left parts
frontal or coronal section
a cut along a lengthwise or longitudinal plane dividing the body or an organ into anterior and posterior parts
transverse or cross section
a cut made along a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts
dorsal body cavity
composed of cranial and spinal cavities
cranial cavity
space inside skull
spinal cavity
extends from the cranial cavity nearly to the end of the vertebral column; surrounded by the vertebrae
ventral body cavity
composed of thoracic cavity, and abdominopelvic cavity
diaphragm
dome shaped muscle dividing thoracic cavity from abdominopelvic cavity
umbilical region
centermost of 9 body regions; surrounds umbilicus (navel)
epigastric region
located superior to the umbilical region
hypogastric region
inferior to the umbilical region
right and left iliac or inguinal regions
lateral to the hypogastric region (hip area)
right and left lumbar regions
lateral to the umbilical region
right and left hypochondriac regions
lateral to the epigastric