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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The most numerous WBCs found in a differential count of a normal individual are
Neutrophils
The first step in the process of homeostasis is
Vascular Spasm
________ is a breakdown of hemoglobin
Bilirubin
In a normal response to an infection, leukocyte number increases. This is called _________.
Leukocytosis
Plasma with the clotting proteins removed is called:
Serum
The structure that permits blood flow from the right atrium to the left atrium while the lungs are developing is the:
Foramen Ovale
Blood leaves the left ventricle by passing through the _________________.
Aortic Semilunar Valve
During the cardiac cycle the amount of blood remaining in the ventricle when the semilunar valve closes is the ________________.
End-Diastolic Volume
The conductive tissue that delays impulses traveling between the atria and the ventricle is called the _______________.
AV node
Ventricular repolarization is represented in an ECG by the
T wave
Which valve is found separating the right atrium and right ventricle?
Tricuspid Valve
Blood vessels that collect blood from all tissuesand organs and returns it to the heart are __________.
Veins
The vein that collects most of the venous blood from below the diaphragm is the
______________.
Inferior Vena Cava
The external iliac artery branches off what major artery
Descending Aorta
Which local condition increases blood flow to tissues
Increased Vasoconstriction
The most numerous WBCs found in a differential count of a normal individual are
Neutrophils
The first step in the process of homeostasis is
Vascular Spasm
________ is a breakdown of hemoglobin
Bilirubin
In a normal response to an infection, leukocyte number increases. This is called _________.
Leukocytosis
Plasma with the clotting proteins removed is called:
Serum
The structure that permits blood flow from the right atrium to the left atrium while the lungs are developing is the:
Foramen Ovale
Blood leaves the left ventricle by passing through the _________________.
Aortic Semilunar Valve
During the cardiac cycle the amount of blood remaining in the ventricle when the semilunar valve closes is the ________________.
End-Diastolic Volume
The conductive tissue that delays impulses traveling between the atria and the ventricle is called the _______________.
AV node
Ventricular repolarization is represented in an ECG by the
T wave
Which valve is found separating the right atrium and right ventricle?
Tricuspid Valve
Blood vessels that collect blood from all tissuesand organs and returns it to the heart are __________.
Veins
The vein that collects most of the venous blood from below the diaphragm is the
______________.
Inferior Vena Cava
The external iliac artery branches off what major artery
Descending Aorta
Which local condition increases blood flow to tissues
Increased Vasoconstriction
If an individual has a blood pressure of 130/85, what is his mean arterial pressure?
100mmHg
Perforins and protectin are proteins associated with the activity of _____________.
NK cells
Compared with non specific defenses, specific defenses
____________________________.
Provide protection against threats on an individual basis.
An influenza vaccine is an example of ________.
Induced active immunity.
The class of antibody that is found bound to basophils is ______.
IgE
Thw presence of abnormally low oxygen content is called
___________.
hypoxia
If an individual has a respiratory rate of 15 breaths per minute and a tidal volume of 500 ml of air, the respiratory min volume is:
RV=TV x RMV

7.5 l/mim
Which of the following structures conduct both air and food
pharynx
As a gas is heated, it expands in volume. This phenomena is called _________.
Charles' Law
The dissacharide made up of glucose and fructose is called _________________.
sucrose
Surfactant is produced by the _____________________.
septal cells
Intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid are secreted by cells in the stomach walls called _______.
parietal cells
A drop in pH below 4.5 in the duodenum stimulates the secretion of ____________.
gluconeogenesis
Decreased levels of bile salts in the bile would interfere with ___________.
fat digestion
In the absorptive state, the main source of energy is _______, and the regulatory hormone is _____________.
glucose,insulin
What vitamin is most likely to cause toxicity
vitamin D
The breakdown of glucose to pyuvic acid is called _____.
glycolysis
Glycolysis yields an immediate net gain of _______ for the cell.
2 ATP
The sequence of reactions responsible for the brakdown of fatty acid molecules is called _________________.
beta oxidation
In glycolysis, ATP is immediately obtained by ______________.
substrate lvl phosphorylation
After the filtrate leaves the glomerulus it empties into the _______________.
proximal covuluted tubule
Pickup or delivery of substances that are reabsorbed or secreted by the proximal convuluted tubule and the distal convulted tubule is provided by the ______________.
peritubular capillaries
When ADH lvls rise
the amt of water reabsorbed increases
Which part of the nephron do you have sodium reabsorbed by active transport
proximal convuluted tubule
Which substance WILL NOT be found in the urine of a normal individual
sodium ions
The principle ions in the extracellular fluid are ________ and ________.
sodium, chloride
Respiratory acidosis develops when there is
decreased plasma pH due to an elevated plasma Pco2
Severe diarrhea can result in __________________.
metabolic acidosis
The process of ovum production or oogenesis begins ___________.
before birth
The principle hormone of the post-ovulatory period is _________.
progesterone
Which of the following male accessory glands contributes up to 60% of the volume of semen?
seminal vesicles
Interstitial cells in the testes are directly acted on by what hormone?
leuteinizing hormone
Which layer of the uterus is sloughed off during menstruation?
endometrium
An embryo ultimately should implant in the ___________.
fallopian tubes