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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Integumentary System
Holds the body together
Skeletal System
protection and support
Muscular System
Movement
Nervous System
Communication using electricity
Endocrine System
Communication using hormones
Cardiovascular System
Transports materials through the body
Lymphatic System
Returns excess interstitial fluid to the bloodstream
Immune System
resistance to disease
Digestive System
acquisition of nutrients
Reproductive System
Production of offspring
Respiratory System
exchange of gases
Urinary System
controls blood pressure, volume, and composition
Nucleus
directs the cells activities
Ribosome
makes proteins
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters/leaves the cell
Lysosome
enzyme-filled sac
Channel Protein
allows ions to enter/leave the cell
Mitochondria
Produces energy ATP
Golgi apparatus
puts finishing touches on proteins
endoplasmic reticulum
transports materials through the cell
carrier protein
carries a molecule through the cell membrane
enzymatic protein
causes a chemical reaction at the cell membrane
receptor protein
binds a molecule at the cell membrane
cholesterol
alters cell membrane permeability
cell -recognition protein
identifies the cell as part of you
Diffusion is movement of molecules from?
High concentration to low concentration
Osmosis refers to ?
diffusion of water molecules
Physiology refers to which aspect of the body?
function
Example of a chemical stress?
high blood sodium
A negative feedback loop results in ?
cancellationof incoming message and loss of homeostasis
Which of the following parts of a feedback loop detects changes in homeostasis?
receptor
Movement away from the body is?
abduction
Decreasing the angle between two body parts is?
flexion
Turning palms upward is
supination
In anatomical position , the body faces ?
anteriorly
In anatomical position, which of the following parts of the body is specifically stated to face forward?
palms
Which of the following planes divides the body into top and bottom halves?
transverse
The brain would be found in which cavity?
cranial
What is found in the stratum corneum?
keratin
The middle division of the skin is?
dermis
Which of the following is responsible for detecting light touch
Merkel cells
Which of the following glands produce ear wax?
ceruminous
Which gland does not function until puberty?
apocrine
What gland produces skin oils?
sebaceous
Cells that store fat are?
adipocytes
What causes reddish skin?
hemoglobin
What two layers contain living cells?
stratum basale and stratum spinosum
What protein makes strong skin?
collogen
What protein makes skin waterproof?
keratin