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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the Federalist Party?
Included Washington and Adams. They favored a strong central government.
What was the Jeffersonian Republicans?
Led by Thomas Jefferson. Were distrustful of excessive central power.
What did New Englanders think of slavery?
That it was incompatible with the natural rights philosophy that had emerged during the Revolution so they abolished it in the 1780s
Who were squatters?
People who occupied land in hopes of someday gaining title to it.
What was James Madison's involvement with the Bill of Rights?
He submitted 19 Amendments 10 of which were accepted by Congress and collectively known as the Bill of Rights were ratified by the states in 1791
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do?
Created a hierarchial national judiciary based on 13 federal district courts, one for each state. Appeals from these courts were to be heard in one of three circuit courts and the Supreme Court had the final say.
What was the Tariff Act of 1789?
Levied a duty of 5% on most imported goods but imposed tariffs as high as 50%on items such as steel, salt, cloth, and tobacco.
What was the Tonnage Act of 1789?
Treated all foreign ships equally.
What were protective tariffs?
High tariffs on imported goods to make them more expensive than domestic goods.
What is a strict constructionalist view?
All powers not delegated to the national government were reserved to the states under the 10th Amendment.
What is the broad constructionalist view?
The federal government gives Congress implicit authority beyond its explicity enumerated powers.
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A 13,000 man army to western Pennsylvania to stop a ficticious protest against the tax on whiskey.
What was Pickney's Treaty?
Spain accepted the American postion on the 31st parallel as the northern boundary Spanish Florida and granted farmers free passage though the port of New Orleans.
What was the Sedition Act?
Made it a federal crime to engage in any combination or conspiracy against the government or to utter or print anything "false, scandalous and malicious" against the govt.
What was Fries Rebellion?
A group of men led by an auctioneer named John Fries released tax evaders from prison in Bethlehem, PA.
What was the Franco-American Accord of 1800?
Released the US from its 1778 alliance with France and in return the US surrendered all claims against the French for damages done to American shipping.
What was Deism?
An enlightenment religious philosophy popular among the leaders of the Revolutionary era, made inroads among common citizens as well.
What was the 12th Amendment?
Ratified in 1804,required electors to cast seperate ballots for Pres. and VP.