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57 Cards in this Set

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Are 504 MB and 528 KB the same?
Yes - seems different because of notation
What are the steps to configure a hard drive?
1) Bios needs to be configured to recognize drive (older drives need a manual entry, newer drives use auto detect)
2) Create partitions
3) Format Partition with Fat32 or NTFS
what 3 types of partitions can be created?
Operating system
data file
program file
What two types of partiton are there?
Primary and extended
what are the choices for configuring a partition?
Fat 16 - not efficient/all windows support/supports 2b
Fat 32- More efficient/ 95 OS/ 32 GB/not supported by NT
Both of these offer no security
NTFS - File and folder security/ small clusters/
What are the commands for running FDISK?
Type FDSK at cmd prompt
enable large disk suppport Y
Change current disk 5
Display info 4
no partition defined
create partition 1
use max avail size n
1024 enter
create partition
510 enter
display partition
How many primary and extended drives can you have per partition?
One primary and one extended per drive
what are the choices for configuring a partition?
Fat 16 - not efficient/all windows support/supports 2b
Fat 32- More efficient/ 95 OS/ 32 GB/not supported by NT
Both of these offer no security
NTFS - File and folder security/ small clusters/
what are the choices for configuring a partition?
Fat 16 - not efficient/all windows support/supports 2b
Fat 32- More efficient/ 95 OS/ 32 GB/not supported by NT
Both of these offer no security
NTFS - File and folder security/ small clusters/
What is the order that drive assignments are given out for primary master/secondary master/primary slave/secondary slave?
Primary IDE Secondary IDE
Primary Master C Secondary Master D
Primary Slave E Secondary Slave F
How do you format a new drive?
Right click drive letter and click format drive - full format
How many MBS does CHS support?
504
The BIOS must be upgraded to support larger drives
With Fat 16 Can you upgrade?
Yes to FAT32 or NTFS to support larger drives
How many GB does LBA support?
8.4 GB
Upgrade BIOS to support LBA
What do you do if BIOS does not support autodetection in CMOS?
manually enter it according to the manufacturer in the BIOS
What does RAID stand for and what are the two types of RAID configs?
Redundant array of Inexpensive Disks
ensures fault tolerance
provided by hardware or software
Win2k server provides disk mirroring RAID 1 - one disk is copied directly to other
RAID 5 disk striping with parity (3 drives 1st two hold info 3rd holds parity) can recover as long as one of the first two disks is in tact
What is the difference between basic disk and dynamic disk?
Basic supports 4 primary or 3 primary and one extended

Dynamic organizes hard disk into volumes and allows advanced features. Is the only place to add additional RAID 1 or 5 disk
When does head crash occur?
when read write head makes physical contact with platter
what is a basic unit of storage?
cluster
LBA and CHS support what size hard disk?
larger than 504 MB
What is stored on track 0 sector 1 of a hard disk?
Master boot record
What are the three types of Hard Drive Interfaces?
IDE, SCI and PC Card hard drives
IDE is also know at ATA. How many MB and what transfer rate is supported?
504 MB
3.3 mbs transfer rate
How many pins does IDE cable have?
40
Enhanced IDE and ATA-2 and Fast ATA are the same. What is the MB is supports and what transfer rater?
LBA
11.1 mbs transfer
support for cdrom
Ultra DMA supports what data transder rate?
33.3 Mbps
Direct memory access
Utlra ATA supports what transfer rate?
66.6 MBps
Which is more flexble SCSI or IDE?
SCSI
Better transer rate
50 pin connector
68 pin and 80 pin connector
7 or 15 devices can be daisy chained
each device must have unique number
In a daisy chain how many terminators are needed?
2, one on each end
first device labeled 0 , second 1
SCSI host adapter is assigne which device number?
7
0-7 have highest priority then 8-15, 7 is always the highest
In binary 0 is what and 1 is what?
0 is off and 1 is on
Does USB support SCSI devices?
NO
DB25 are what kind of connections?
printer
3 types of PC cards
Type 1 Type 2 Type 3
3.3 mm 5mm 10.5mm
memory modem harddrive

Type 2 and 3 support hard drives
Internal Narrow SCSI has how many pins
50
command to dial modem
ATD
When working on CRT never:
use a grounding strap
During the writing process of printing what happens
the print image is written to the drum
What does the maintanence area of the drum do
lets ink dry
if the refresh rate is too high, how do you fix?
boot in safe mode
A modem converts
analog to digital
what doesn't contain a universal asynchronoug receiver/transmitter
an external modem
AT class has how many DMA Channels?
7
What uses IRQ1
keyboard controller
What are the two types of serial bus architecture
usb and firewire
What needs to happen before a PC card will work?
Socket service and card services need to be enabled
What can't be configured in CMOS
a drive letter
Which is more expensive Static ram (SRAM) or dynamic ram(DRAM)?
static and doesn't have to be refreshed as much
SRAM has how many pins
168
What slots support Single Edge cartridges
Slot A and Slot 1
What does the command ATZ do?
Reverts modem to factory settings?
What does the ATZ1 command do?
Resets factory settings to user defined state
What does the AT command do?
Shows modem state
What does the ATZ1 command do?
Resets factory settings to user defined state
What does command ATH do
Hangs up modem
What happens when you refresh memory
maintain electric charge on DRAM
Computer clock is losing time. what should you do?
Test the voltage