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17 Cards in this Set

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A group that was established by the World Meteorological Organization is?
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The difference between today's average global temperature and the average global temperature during the last ice age is...
About 5 degrees Celsius.
The primar is organized into four interconnected sections are...
The atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere
what is the hydrosphere?
Earth's oceans and waters
What is the cryosphere?
the areas of the planet covered by snow and ice.
The Greenhouse Effect is one aspect of what?
The Energy Budget
How do Aerosols affect the earth's energy budget?
By scattering and absorbing radiation
clima tology 1
Why do aerosols exert a cooling effect?
Because many of these particles tend to prevent radiation from reaching the planet's surface.
climate one
Cities are reffered to as..
heat islands
What happens if the moderate increases in atmospheric temperatures?
It makes some areas wetter and others drier which effects agriculture worldwide.
climate one
temperature changes lead to..
higher ozone levels near the earth's surface
climate one
While lower clouds reflect sunlight back into space higher clouds...
absorb more heat.
climate one
How much greater is waters heat holding capacity compared to air and how dense is it?
Water is four times greater in holding heat capacity and 1000 times more dense.
climate one
Which is closer to the Stratosphere- the Thermosphere or the Troposphere?
The Troposphere
Define "isotope"
Isotopes are any of the several different forms of an element each having different atomic mass (mass number). Isotopes of an element have nuclei with the same number of protons (the same atomic number) but different numbers of neutrons. Therefore, isotopes have different mass numbers, which give the total number of nucleons—the number of protons plus neutrons.
Define "heavy water"
Heavy water is a loose term which usually refers to deuterium oxide, D2O or 2H2O. Its physical and chemical properties are somewhat similar to those of water, H2O. The hydrogen atoms are of the heavy isotope deuterium, in which the nucleus contains a neutron in addition to the proton found in the nucleus of the hydrogen atom. This isotopic substitution alters the bond energy of the hydrogen-oxygen bond in water, altering the physical, chemical, and especially biological properties of the substance to a larger degree than is found in most isotope-substituted chemical compounds.
Define "climatology"
Climatology is the study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time,[1] and is a branch of the atmospheric sciences.