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16 Cards in this Set

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Perioperative Nursingi s 3 phases of nursing care for the patient who requires surgical intervention. Name these 3 phases of perioperative care:

1-_______
2-_______
3-_______
Three phases of perioperative care:

Preoperative
Intraoperative
Postoperative
Name 2 Surgical Classifications in perioperative care:
Minor:
Limited to a body area w/a short surgery time.
Minimal risk

Major:
Extended area of involvement w/increased time in surgery
Increased risk
The urgency of surgery is described in 5 ways. 2 of these ways are "elective" & "urgent". Name the other 3 ways:
Emergent
Require
Optional
The doctor comments "nursing school has really put the bags under your eyes, why dont we do something about this right away". Surgery to remove the exhausted & worn out effects of nursing school under my eyes would be considered all of the following EXCEPT:

a) Elective
b) Urgent
c) Emergent
d) Required
e) Optional
Optional
;)
Pt is rushe dinto ER with a gunshot wound requiring surgery. This surgery would be:

a) Elective
b) Urgent
c) Emergent
d) Required
e) Optional
Emergent
A surgery that is recommended but not required would be:

a) Elective
b) Urgent
c) Emergent
d) Required
e) Optional
Elective
A surgery that must be performed within 24-48 hours is:

a) Elective
b) Urgent
c) Emergent
d) Required
e) Optional
Urgent
A surgery that must be performed but can be delayed is:

a) Elective
b) Urgent
c) Emergent
d) Required
e) Optional
Required
Perioperative nursing practice & roles incorporates both ____ & ____ components of professional nursing in order to practice in a _____ complex environment.
technical
behavioral

technologically
The Preoperative Phase
includes nursing ____, adequacy of patient’s ____ prior to surgery, ______ identification & ____ of risk factors, informed ____, Pre-op ____, & patient & family _____
assessment
health
correction
consent
teaching
preparation
There are 10 components of Perioperative Assessment of which the following are 5, name 5 more.

Psychosocial
Past health history
Systems
Functional health patterns
Head to toe assessment
VS
Lab data
Test
Medications
Allergies
The following are psychosocial considerations that should be made in the perioperative setting, name 5 more:

Fears
Pain and discomfort
Unknown
Mutilation
Death
Anesthesia
Disruption of life pattern
Family concerns
Finances
Support system
Perioperative nursing requires assessment of Past Medical ____, Previous _____, allergies, smoking, alcohol, transfusions, anesthetic problems, ____ allergies, ____ allergies, Base line data, Difficulty ____, GERD, loose ____, arthritis, bleeding problems, Lab Data
such as HGB, HCT, BS type & cross, electrolytes, creatine, BUN, PT, & liver test. A ___ & ___ are ALWAYS done prior to surgery & a complete list of all medications to include how ____, what ____, what ____, is neccessary.
History
surgery
Latex
food
swallowing
teeth
EKG & CXR
long
kind
for
In assessing a patient prior to surgery, it is important to know what foods the patient is allergic to. The following is a list of 3 out of 7. Name the other 4.

Avocados
kiwi
bananas
chestnuts
potatoes
peaches
apricots
Identification of Risk Factorsfor patients who will be undergoing surgery include the following. Name 5 more.

Psychosocial
Age
Nutrition/Malnutrition
Fluid/Electrolytes
Obesity
Smoking
Neurological
Hematological
Immune
Cardiovascular
Respiratory
Hepatic
Renal
Endocrine
Treatments
Pacemaker
Meds
Economics
Informed Consent for surgery is an Active, shared ___-___ between surgeon and client. ____permission must be obtained in writing for the ____ procedure, ____, any ____ procedures, Procedures with high ____, Special ____, & the administration of ____
decision-making
Written
Surgical
anesthesia
Invasive
risk
Test
blood