Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Identify the hypotonic solution;

a) LR

b) 0.9% saline (NS)

c) 0.45% saline (1/2 norm saline = NS)

d) 5% dextrose in LR
0.45% saline (1/2 norm saline = NS)
All of the following are isotonic solutions except:

a) LR

b) 0.9% saline (NS)

c) 5% dextrose in 0.225% saline (5% D/1/4 NS)

d) 5% dextrose in LR
5% dextrose in LR = hypertonic
Identify the hypertonic solution:

a) LR

b) 0.9% saline (NS)

c) 5% dextrose in 0.225% saline (5% D/1/4 NS)

d) 5% dextrose in LR
5% dextrose in LR
350 ml's of daily body fluid is lost or excreted by:

a)skin

b)lungs

c)feces

d)kidneys
b) lungs
100 ml's of daily body fluid is lost or excreted by:

a)perspiration

b)lungs

c)feces

d)kidneys
a)perspiration
Vomiting, diarrhea, continuous GI irrigation & suctioning can cause:

a) fluid vol deficit

b) fluid vol excess
fluid vol deficit
When considering fluid volume, a decreased hematocrit is indicative of:

a) fluid vol deficit

b) fluid vol excess
fluid vol excess
When considering fluid volume, an increased hematocrit & specific gravity of the urine is indicative of:

a) fluid vol deficit

b) fluid vol excess
fluid vol deficit
With fluid vol deficit, which 2 of the following solutions would be used:

a) 10% dextrose in water (10% D/W)

b) LR

c) 5% dextrose in 0.45% saline (5% D/1/2 NS)

d) 0.9% saline (NS)
isotonic's:

b) LR

d) 0.9% saline (NS)
Considering fluid vol, increased respirations & heart rate and increased blood pressure & a bounding pulse are indicative of:

a) fluid vol deficit

b) fluid vol excess
fluid vol excess
Normal values for potassium:

1.6 - 2.6

2.7 - 4.5

3.5 - 5.1

8.6 - 10
3.5 - 5.1
Normal values for calcium:

a) 1.6 - 2.6

b) 2.7 - 4.5

c) 3.5 - 5.1

d) 8.6 - 10
Ca+ 8.6 - 10
Normal values for magnesium:

1.6 - 2.6

2.7 - 4.5

3.5 - 5.1

8.6 - 10
1.6 - 2.6
Normal values for phosphorus:

a) 1.6 - 2.6

b) 2.7 - 4.5

c) 3.5 - 5.1

d)8.6 - 10
Phosphoros 2.7 - 4.5


a) Mg 1.6 - 2.6
b) PHO 2.7 - 4.5
c) K+ 3.5 - 5.1
d) Ca 8.6 - 10
Normal values for sodium:

a) 100 - 120

b) 125 - 135

c) 135 - 145

d) 150 - 165
135 - 145
When using Kayexalate, it is important to monitor for the loss of:

a) sodium & phosphorus
b) sodium & magnesium
c) calcium & phosphorus
d) calcium & magnesium
d) calcium & magnesium
If a client is taking lithium, it is important to monitor lithium levels because diminished lithium excretion resulting in toxicity can be the result of:

a) hypokalemia
b) hypomagnesemia
c) hyponatremia
d) hypophosphotemia
hyponatremia