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98 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 3 main stages of the boot process?
1 Power-on
2 Power-on self test (POST)
3 OS loading steps
When you start up your computer what special wire becomes charged to tell your cpu to wake up?
The "Power good wire"
During the start up process what happens when the power good wire tells the cpu to wake up?
The CPU communicates with the System ROM chip and starts the BIOS programs.
What happens during POST?
The system BIOS communicates with all hardware and tells it to identify itself(ves).
After the POST all the devices run a self diagnostic and report to the BIOS? (T/F)
How does the PC communicate POST errors?
Through a "beep code" and through text or numeric messages on your CRT.
What does a single happy-sounding "beep code" signify?
That all is well.
What does a long, repeating beep code mean?
Problem with the RAM.
A series of beeps, one long and 3 short usually means what for a "beep code."
A problem with the video card.
Where can specific beep code definitions be found?
In your PC's motherboard manual or on your BIOS manufacturer's web site.
Error Code Series 100
Error Code Series 200
Error Code Series 300
Error Code Series 400
Monochrome Video
Error Code Series 500
Color Video
Error Code Series 600
Floppy Drive
Error Code Series 1700
Hard Drive
If the POST error code is prevented from appearing on the screen or through the speaker, You need a _____?
"POST card" tool which displays the code(s) with LEDs.
Name 3 boot devices the BIOS looks for during POST to find the OS boot files.
1 Floppy Drive
3 Hard Drive
Once the POST process is complete, the BIOS then ...?
Passes control of the boot process over to the PCs OS.
Once the OS takes over the boot process, it....?
Loads its core files, drivers, and services into RAM.
What does the System ROM chip store?
The System BIOS programs and CMOS setup utility.
On older PCs, the BIOS programs were....?
Hard coded onto the System ROM chip.
On older PCs, to change the BIOS you had to....?
Replace the entire ROM chip.
(the BIOS was hard coded)
Current mobos use ______ ROM chips.
Writable ROM chips enable you to...?
Install updated BIOS information without physically replacing the chip.
2 Examples of writable ROM are?
Many techs refer to the System BIOS as the ____ ____?
The A+ exam uses System BIOS and ROM BIOS interchangably. (T/F)
True (or it may)
RAM memory is ______. Meaning it store data while the PC is on.
ROM memory is ______. Meaning it retains data with the system powered off.
What is the only type of maintenance that you'll ever undertake on the System ROM is?
Replaceing teh CMOS Battery
Name 4 BIOS MFGs.
1 American Megatrends
3 Award Software
4 Pheonix Technologies
BIOS makers update BIOS programs only to fix...?
Known bugs (which enhances stability) and add important functions as campatibility with new hardware or standards
Updating your BIOS might add support for the newer ___ ___ and ___ ____ power management specification.
(ACPI) Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ACPI = ______
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
Techs refer to updating the System BIOS as what?
Flashing the BIOS.
A BIOS flash procedure that gets interrupted usually results in what?
A PC that won't boot & a mobo that's rendered completely useless.
Before flashing your BIOS, you should...?
Back up your important documents & update any system repair or Emergency Rescue Diskettes.
What is the 1st step for updating a System BIOS?
1 Obtain the flashing program from the MFGs web site.
What is the 2nd step in updating a System BIOS?
2 Turn your system off
What is the 3rd step in updating a System BIOS?
3 Insert a valid boot disk and boot to the A: prompt
What is the 4th step in updating a System BIOS?
4 Insert the disk containing the flashing program and new BIOS into the floppy drive
What is the 5th step in updating a System BIOS?
5 Run the flashing program according to your BIOS mfgs instructions, making certain to back up your current BIOS when prompted.
What is the 6th step in updating a System BIOS?
6 Restart your system when the update is complete.
Where is the CMOS setup utility stored?
In the System ROM
What does the CMOS setup utility enable you to do?
To configure important System BIOS settings stored in the CMOS chip.
The CMOS chip is a part of the mobo's chipset's _____ circuitry on most PCs.
Settings on a Southbridge include...?
Port Assignments
Boot device Sequence
Power Management & others
What are the names of the 2 distinct pathwaths of the chipset?
1 Northbridge
2 Southbridge
The Northbridge connects...?
The CPU to the system RAM and the AGP and PCI buses.
The Southbridge connects...?
Links the CPU to the secondary buses, USB, IDE, PS/2, etc.
When must you try to enter your CMOS setup utility?
In the early stages of the boot process.
The directions for entering CMOS appears...?
On your monitor during the boot up (which button to press)
Before changing any CMOS settings...?
Document any settings before you change them.
Name the 1st 5 CMOS settings you can change.
1 Parallel Ports 2 COM/Serial Ports 3 Floppy Drive 4 Hard Drive 5 Memory (RAM)
Name the final 3 CMOS settings you can change.
1 Boot Sequence 2 Date/Time 3 User/Supervisor Passwords 4 PnP BIOS
Name 6 "Options" in the CMOS setup.
1 Save&Exit, 2 Exit w/out Saving, 3 Restore Defaults 4 AntiVirus Protection, 5 Power Mgt. 6 Integrated Peripherals
What is the 1st and best indicator it is time to change the CMOS battery.
When the CPU clock starts losing time or if you are prompted to enter the date/time often.
Some Parallel Devices are...?
Printers, scanners, Zip drives,
If a Parallel port isn't working due to a conflict with another device...?
You can reset the IRQ and the I/O address.
Disabling ports via the CMOS setup does what?
Frees up it's resources for other devices to use.
ECP = _____
Extended Capabilities Port
EPP = _____
Enhanced Parallel Port
CMOS does not configure the built-in parallel ports in newer systems for broadest compatibility with parallel devices. (T/F)
False, It DOES automatically configure them.
What are 3 other settings in CMOS setup for Parallel Ports?
Configure the Port as...?
1 Standard Parallel Port
2 Extended Capabilities Port
3 Enhanced Parallel Port
The Standard Parallel Port setting.....? And provides what kind of data flow.
it works fine for older printers, provides "Unidirectional" data flow
New parallel devices use ______ data flow to communicate back to the computer.
Name some instances where bidirectional data flow occurs.
Printer toner/Ink levels
Print Job Status
(Printer talks to the cpu)
Full-duplex communication is another way of saying...?
Bidirectional data flow
Serial Ports in newer systems are automatically configured through ___.
Plug & Play (PnP)
The CMOS setup enables you to configure the ___ & ___ addresses of serial ports if need be.
You can enable or disable serial ports in th CMOS to troubleshoot a device conflict. (T/F)
CMOS enable you to set what floppy drive configurations?
(Or boot from the floppy)
Newer systems automatically detect your hard drive settings (CMOS). (T/F)
(CMOS settings) In older systems you may need to specify ____, ____, and ____ values; ____ type and __ & __.
Drive, drive capacity
Modern PCs detect and configure RAM settings automatically. (T/F)
Sometimes you may have to _____ RAM ______ after adding additional RAM to the PC.
Name 2 special types of error checking RAM.
Parity RAM
Error Correcting RAM
If you enable Parity checking RAM for Non-parity RAM what will happen.
Result is a non-booting system.
Only enable error checking RAM if....?
You are sure that your system supports them... if not it won't boot back up.
What is the default boot sequence on most PCs?
Floppy Disk Drive
Hard Disk Drive
The computer's real-time clock is configured where?
Why would you change the boot sequence to start with the CD-ROM Drive?
To Install a new OS from a CD
A user CMOS password requires...
the user to ener a password during the early stages of the boot process.
In most CMOS utilities you can set supervisor passwords that prevent unauthorized persons from using CMOS. (T/F)
True, but remember the password or you can't use the CMOS.
Should you forget the CMOS password, you can....
Discharge the capacitor with the special jumper or unplug the CMOS battery for a few seconds. (unplug the cpu)
Plug & Play enables modern PCs to automatically ______ & ______ PnP devices with ___ &___ address settings.
Which Overrides the other in PnP settings? (OS or BIOS)
The OS settings always override the BIOS.
If you have a mixture of PnP and non PnP what should you do?
It is a good idea to "Disable" BIOS PnP to minimize conflicting settings & use hardware from the OS.
What option will make any changes configured in CMOS setup permanent?
Save & Exit Setup
What CMOS setup option undoes any changes you may have made?
Exit Without Saving
If you've made a change to the CMOS setup that had unexpected results, you could?
Restore Defaults
What function works at the BIOS level to prevent programs from overwriting the BIOS settings?
The Antivirus Protection
What function may need to be disabled when installing a new OS?
The Antivirus Protection
Certain onboard devices such as serial ports & USB controllers can be disabled to free up system resources (T/F)
True (Integrated Peripherals Option)
What does the Power Management option do?
It can turn the Video/Hard drives off after an amount of idle time and put PC into suspended mode.
Should the new CMOS battery match the one being replaced?
Yes, Newer systems run on 3.6volts while older ones use 6 volts