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115 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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The mammary glands are located within the _______________________.
breasts
In the male the tissue that surrounds the urethra is the _____________________.
prostate
Failure of the testes to descend through the inguinal canal is called _____________.
cryptorchidism
The hormone ________________ is responsible for the male characteristics.
testosterone
The hormones secreted by the ovaries are _______________ and ____________.
estrogen, progesterone
The site of fertilization in the female is ___________________.
uterine tubes
The lower, narrow portion of the uterus is called the __________________.
cervix
What is the monthly period in the female called?
menstruation
The female gonads are _________________ and the male gonads are` _____________.
ovaries, testes
The Reproductive System's function in the production of germ cells is called ___________ and ________________.
spermatozoa, ova
The sac in which the testes lie is called the __________________.
scrotum
The accessory glands in the male that secrete an alkaline fluid for lubrication are called _________________.
bulbourethral or Cowper's glands
None
The endocrine glands produce a substance called ___________ which means __________ in Greek.
hormones, "I stimulate"
The hormone responsible for elevating the level of calcium in the blood is ______________.
parathyroid
A type of gland that lacks ducts is an _____________________________.
endocrine gland
The _______________________ is considered the "Master Gland".
pituitary
When the glucose level in the blood begins to fall, the ________________ releases a hormone called __________________.
pancreas, glucagon
The pituitary gland is regulated by the __________________________.
hypothalamus
The hormone ________________ from the _______________gland affects the sex glands.
gonadotrophin, pituitary
The ____________ gland functions as a light receptor.
pineal
The _____________ gland stimulates the rate of metabolism.
thyroid
The _______________glands maintain homeostasis of sodium and potassium.
adrenal
The 2 types of diabetes are __________________ and _____________________.
type 1 or childhood and type 2 or adult
The endocrine portion of the pancreas is _______________________________.
islets of Langerhans
The kidneys are _________________ in color and are _____________ shaped.
reddish-brown, bean
The filters in the kidneys are called ________________________.
nephrons
Waste products are eliminated from the body through ___________, _________, __________________ and _____________.
skin, lungs, large colon, urinary system
Urine is stored in the _____________________________.
bladder
The ______________ are the "Master Chemists".
kidneys
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is produced by the ____________, stored in the ______________, and used in the ________________.
hypothalamus, pituitary, kidneys
Gout is a form of ___________________________.
arthritis
The tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder is _______________.
ureter
What organ is important for the control of blood pressure?____________
kidneys
Relaxation of the ______________ muscle releases urine from the bladder.
sphincter
The kidneys control the balance of _______________ and _____________.
sodium, potassium
The end products from protein digestion is _______________ and __________.
urea, uric acid
The prostate gland surrounds the ____________ in the male.
urethra
In the female the bladder lies _____________ the uterus and vagina.
anterior (in front of)
Digestion breaksdown food for the body to use for ______,_______&______.
energy, growth, repair
None
The gall bladder stores __________________ until it is needed.
bile
Digestion begins in the ____________ where food is mixed with _________.
mouth, saliva
___________ starts the break down of starchy food.
ptyalin
Kupffer cells are phagocytic and are found in the ____________.
liver
The hormone _________ stimulates the stomach to release ___________ & ______________.
gastrin, pepsin, hydrochloric acid
The 3 sections of the small intestine are ___________, ______________, and ______________.
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
The ___________________ controls the flow of material into the colon.
ileocecal valve
Cholesterol is manufactured in what organ?
liver
The major roll of digestion is done in the _______________________.
small intestine
The 3 flexures in the large colon are ____________, _____________, and ___________.
hepatic, splenic, sigmoid
Emulsification of fats is a major function of the ___________.
gall bladder
The ____________ is both an endocrine and exocrine gland.
pancreas
The islets of Langerhans secrete hormones ____________ & __________.
insulin, glucagon
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide is called
respiration
The 2 types of breathing are:
costal, diaphragmatic
The muscles used for respiration are the ______________ and _______________ muscles.
diaphragm, intercostal muscles
None
The ______________ _______________ are air spaces adjacent to the nasal cavity & they contain __________ glands.
paranasal sinuses, mucus
The ____________is an organ of the respiratory and digestive systems.
pharynx
The epiglottis is found in the _______________.
larynx
The trachea is also called the ________________.
windpipe
The "voice box" is found in the _________________.
larynx.
The lungs are found in the ______________ cavity of the body.
thoracic
The 3 lobes of the right lung are:
superior, middle and inferior
The blood passes through tiny _____________ in the lungs where it picks up ___________ from the ____________.
capillaries, oxygen, alveoli
The tiny hairs found in the lungs are called______________.
cilia
The ____________ is a serous membrane that covers the lungs.
pleura
The trachea divides into 2 _____________ as it enters the lungs
bronchi
Name 3 functions of the skin:
regulation of the body's temp., protection & production of vitamin D
What part of the skin is composed of collagen and elastic fibers?
The dermis
Name the 2 main layers of the skin:
epidermis & dermis
Nails are derived from the same cells as the ___________&___________.
epidermis & hair
None
The sebaceous glands secrete a substance called____________.
sebum
The _____________nerve supplies the eye.
2nd Cranial
What part of the eye bends the light rays?
the cornea
What part of the eye controls the amount of light entering the eye?
the pupil
Name the 3 parts of the ear.
the external (gathers sound), the middle (amplifies sound), the inner ear (converts sound vibrations to electrical impulses)
Name 2 functions of the ear __________&_____________.
hearing and balance
Name 3 things the nose does to the air
cleans, warms & moisturizes the air
The fine hairs in the nose are called________________.
cilia
The nose is the sense organ of ______________.
smell (olfactory)
What 3 things is the tongue essential for?
taste, swallowing food and speech
The lymph-vascular system consists of
lymph vessels, lymph nodes and lymph tissue
The lymphatic organs are
spleen, thymus
The lymphatic system is an auxiliary to our _______ system.
venous
What does the lymphatic system use for its pumping mechanism?
muscles, exercise
The ___________ gland controls the T-cells.
thymus
The ______acts as a filter for the blood and also makes antibodies.
spleen,
The lymph vessels have what to prevent the back-flow of lymph?
cup shaped valves
_______ are also aggregates of lymph nodules located in the walls of the pharynx and root of the tongue.
tonsils
______________ are also lymph glands and are located at the back of the nose.
adenoids
Cancer of the lymphatics is called _______________>
leukemia
Cancer cells are often transported from a primary tumor to other regions of the body via _________.
lymphatics
The four chambers of the heart are:
rt. Ventricle, rt. Atrium, lt. ventricle and lt. atrium
The pumping cycle of the heart is called________________ and the resting stage is called________.
systole, diasystole
Blood is carried to the lungs through the ______________ artery.
pulmonary
In the lungs the blood makes a trade of ________________ for oxygen
carbon dioxide
The ________________ pulse is found in the wrist.
arterial
The primary task of the heart is pumping nutrients and __________ to all the tissues and carrying away waste products and ______________.
oxygen,carbon dioxide
None
The test called ______________ records the waves correlated with atrial and ventricular contractions.
Electrocardiograph
_________ and _________ causes plaque in the arteries.
Fat and cholesterol
____________ causes new blood pathways to develop.
exercise
Stress and worry aggravates the heart and ___________ the rate at which it works.
increases
_________ are connective tissue that hold bone to bone.
Ligaments
There are ___ (number) phalanges in both the hands and feet.
14
There are ____(number) metacarpal bones in each hand.
5
______________ tissue specializes in moving the body and its parts.
Muscle
____________ attach the muscles to bones.
Tendons
There are ____bones in the feet and ___bones in the hands.
26, 27
_______________ tissue receives and transmits messages to various parts of the body so they can communicate with one another
nerve
The thoracic and abdominal cavities are separated by a broad muscle called the _______________.
diaphram
The body is divided into an_________portion an an appendicular portion.
axial
Name the 5 parts of the spine
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
The spine is made of ____bones
26
Between each of the vertebrae are _______ which protect the vertebrae from grinding one on another.
discs
There are ___pairs of spinal nerves and ____pairs of cranial nerves.
31, 12
The 3 types of muscles are:
Skeletal (voluntary), smooth (involuntary) and cardiac (also involuntary but striated)