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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Boundary of a cell studded with proteins
Plasma Membrane
Tiny Particles called the protein factories of the cell
Stack of flattened membranous sac "chemical processing and packaging center" of a cell
Golgi Apparatus
Digestive system of a cell
Hollow cylinders made up of tiny tubules that function in cell reproduction
Short hairlike extensions on a surface of some cells
Single long projection of some cells used for moving cell
Double membraned spherical envelope containing DNA strands-the brain of a cell
Movement of particles through a membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane in the presence of at least one impermeant solute
Movement of water and small solute particles from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
Movement of solute particles of low concentration to an area of high concentration
Ion pump
Movement of fluid into a cell by "drinking" it
Single layer of flattened cells in the alveoli of lungs and the lining of blood and lymphatic vessels
Simple squamous tissue
Many layers of cells(outermost flattened) that surface lining of mouth and esophagus and surface of skin
Stratified squamous
Single layer of tall narrow cells that line the stomach intestines and part of the respiratory tract
Simple columnar
Many layers of varying shapes capable of stretching located in the bladder
Stratified transitional
Single layer of cells that are as tall as they are wide located in glands and kidney tubules
Simple cuboidal
Single layer of tall cells that wedge together to appear as if there are 2 or more layers located on the surface of lining of tracehea
System of membranes forming a network of connecting sacs and canals winding thru cell. Can be smooth or rough
Endoplasmic reticulum
Study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts
Study of how organisms perform their vital functions
lying on back face up
Lying on stomach face down
Smallest living units of structur and function in our body
Atoms and molecules are often referred to as the ____________level of organization
An organization of many similar cells that act together to perform a common function
Group of several different kinds of tissues that act together as a unit to perform a special function
Organization of organs arranged to perform a complex function
All the atoms molecules cells tissues organs and systems working together
Body as a whole
range for the Ph of blood
What body system includes skin, hair, nails, sense receptors, sweat glands and oil glands?
Integumentary system
What body system includes bones and joints?
Skeletal system
What body system includes muscles?
Muscular system
What body system includes brain, spinal cord and nerves?
Nervous system
What system includes pituitary gland, pineal gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, thymus, adrenals, pancreas and gonads?
Endocrine system
What body system includes heart and blood vessels?
Cardiovascular system
What body system includes lymph nodes, lymph vessels, thymus, spleen and tonsils?
Lymphatic system
What system includes noes, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs?
Respiratory system
What system has primary organs mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, rectum, anal canal, small intestine, large intestine?
What system has organs kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra?
What system has gonads and genitalia?
The outermost layer of the skin
The deeper of the 2 layers of the skin
Cells of the innermost layer of the epidermis that undergo mitosis and reproduce themselves
Stratum germinativum
Protein in the skin that is tough and waterproof
Brown pigment produced by specialized cells in the epidermis
Condition in which the skin turns a bluish gray color
Upper region of the dermis characterized by parallel rows of peglike projections
Dermal papillae
What makes it possible for the body surface to act as a sense organ relaying messages to the brain concerning sensations such as touch pain temperature and pressure
The relative constancy of the internal environment
anything that occupies space and has mass
particles of matter that are composed of one or more smaller units called atoms
smallest unit of matter
Body in an erect position with arms at the sides and palms forward
Anatomical position
Molecule that breaks apart in the muscle cells to yield energy
Adenosine triphospahate(ATP)
Movement of cells or other large objects into cell by trapping it and "eating" it