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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Patrician
born into royalty
heterogeneous
diverse in character or content
ineffectual
not producing any or the desired effect
repartee
witty comments or replies
noun
a person place or thing
verb
a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence
adjectives
modify or describe a noun
conjunctions
connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause
prepositions
tells when or where
Direct object
follows a transitive verb. We ate the turkey drumstick.
indirect object
asks to or for whom of the DO We offered her the sandwich.
object of the preposition
is the last noun of a prep phrase.
We gave the turkey drumstick to her.
object of the infinitive
is the noun that follows an infinitive. We would love to eat the turkey leg
Predicate nominative
renames the subject
Predicate adjective
describes the subject
prepositional phrase
a modifying phrase consisting of a preposition and its object.
participial phrase
a phrase containing a participial
independent clause and dependent clauses
Have both a subject and a verb
Sometimes are complete thoughts, sometimes not
Straw Man
comparing two things unfairly
Bifurcation
giving only two choices
(either or fallacy)
Begging the Question
The use of the claim as its own justification
Slippery Slope
The prediction of catastrophe based on a series of links started by one particular act
Abusive Ad Hominem
Sidetracks the issues by attacking the person
Tu Quo Que
Attempts to discredit an argument based on a person’s hypocrisy
Question-Begging Epithet
Calls someone a name that implies a quality or fact that is not proved
False Cause
Turns a coincidence or a correlation into a cause
Hasty Generalization
Concludes too much from too little
Sweeping Generalization
Misapplies a true principle to a situation that is exceptional
Composition
Assumes that what is true of an individual in a group must be true of the entire group
Division
Assumes that what is true of the group as a whole must be true of each member
Equivocation
Changes the meaning of a word or phrase in mid-discussion.
Complex Question
Asks a question that assumes and so corners its respondent.
Appeal to Fear
Manipulates agreement by way of fear instead of cogent reason
Appeal to Pity
Manipulates agreement by way of pity instead of cogent reason
Band Wagon
Convinces by arguing an idea’s popularity
Amphibole
Syntax of the sentence confuses the meaning of the sentence.
Special Pleading
Colors the language according to the arguers’ perspective
Guilt by Association
Uses bad reputations to discredit