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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
resembling acne.
adrinocorticotropic hormone.
Addison Disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency, adrenocortical insufficiency usually as the result of idiopathic atrophy or destruction of both adrenal glands by tuberculosis, an autoimmune process, or other disease; characterized by fatigue, decreased blood pressure, weight loss, increased melanin pigmentation of the skin and mucous membranes, anorexia, and nausea or vomiting; without appropriate replacement therapy, it can progress to acute adrenocortical insufficiency.
the emotional feeling, tone, and mood attached to a thought, including its external manifestations.
(methyldopa and hydrochlorothiazide)Antihypertensive Agent, Combination. Management of moderate to severe hypertension.
Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor. Prevention of attacks of gouty arthritis and nephropathy; also used to treat secondary hyperuricemia which may occur during treatment of tumors or leukemia; prevent recurrent calcium oxalate calculi.
angiotensin-converting enzyme
(ACE) peptidyl dipeptidase A. a zinc-containing hydrolase cleaving C-terminal dipeptides from a variety of substrates, including angiotensin I, which is converted to angiotensin II and histidylleucine (an important step in the metabolism of certain vasopressor agents). drugs that inhibit this enzyme are used to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure.
anteroposterior diameter
syn median conjugate, distance from the promontory of the sacrum to the upper posterior edge of the pubic symphysis.
the presence of the fungus Aspergillus in the tissues or invading tissue or colonizing air-containing body cavities.
decreased or absent air in the entire or part of a lung, with resulting loss of lung volume. Loss of lung volume itself.
Anticholinergic Agent. preoperative medicine to inhibit salivation and secretions; treatment of sinus bradycardia; treatment of exercise-induced bronchospasm;
a single, relatively large quantity of a substance, usually one intended for therapeutic use, such as a blous dose of drug injected intravenously.
inflammation of the bronchioles, often associated with bronchopneumonia.
contraction of smooth muscle in the walls of the bonchi and bonchioles, causing narrowing of the lumen.
relating to the bronchi and alveoli in the lungs, especially as regards lung sound heard by auscultation.
(diltiazem) Calcium Channel Blocker. essential hypertension; chonic stable angina or angina from coronary artery spasm.
a scar.
a translucent, yellowish, homogeneous material of the consistency of glue, less fluid than mucoid or mucinoid, found in the cells and tissues in a state of colloid degeneration.
(prochlorperazine) Phenothiazine Derivative. Management of nausea and vomiting; acute and chronic psychoses.
cordis, syn heart.
(hydrocortisone) systemic, Adrenal Corticosteroid. Management of adrenocortical insufficiency; relief of inflammation of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.
cortisone acetate
(Cortone) Adrenal Corticosteroid. management of adrenocortical insufficiency.
acute obstruction of uper airway in infants and children characterized by a barking cough with difficult and noisy respiration.
(dexamethasone) systemic. Adrenal Corticosteroid. systemically for chronic inflammation, allergic, hematologic, neoplastic, and autoimmune disease.
the constitutional or inborn state disposing to a disease, group of diseases, or metabolic or structural anomaly.
syn intrabronchial, within the bronchi or bronchial tubes.
subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to mislead or confuse.
a defined area on which armorial bearings are displayed and which usually consists of a shield
Euthroid (now DC'd)
(liotrix) Thyroid Product. Replacement or supplemental therapy in hypothyroidism.
a skin eruption occuring as a symptom of an acute viral or coccal disease, as in scarlet fever or measles.
protrusion of one or both eyeballs; can be congenital and familial.
any fluid that has exuded out of a tissue or its capillaries, more specifically because of injury or inflammation.
(piroxicam) Analgesic, Nonnarcotic, NSAID. management of inflammatory disorders.
ferrous sulfate
Electrolyte Supplement. Prevention and treatment of iron deficiency.
forced expiratory volume, with subscript indicating time interval in seconds. forced vital capacity.
formation of fibrous tissue as a reparative or reactive process, as opposed to formation of fibrous tissue as a normal constituent of an organ or tissue.
fine-needle aspiration
removal of a fluid or tissue from a body cavity or organ from unusual accumulations
Florinef Acetate
(fludrocortisone) Adrenal Corticosteroid. Addison disease, partial replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency.
Diuretic, Loop. management of edema associated with congestive heart failure and hepatic or renal disease.
Goodpasture syndrome
glomerulonephritis of the antibasement membrane type associated with or preceded by hemoptysis;
Hürthle cell adenoma
an uncommon type of thyroid tumor characterized by abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm containing numerous mitochondria. often malignant with widespread metastases; rarely takes up radioiodine.
a condition due to an increase in the secretion of the parathyroids, causing elevated serum calcium , decreased serum phosphorus, and increased excretion of both calcium and phosphorus, calcium stones and sometimes generalized osteitis fibrosa cystica.
abnormally low concentrations of sodium ions in the circulating blood.
(propranolol) Antiarrhythmic Agent, Class II; Beta-Adrenergic Blocker. management of hypertension, angina pectoris, and arrhthmias.
(isosorbide dinitrate) Vasodilator. prevention and treatment of angina pectoris; for congestive heart failure; to relieve pain, dysphagia, and spasm in esophageal spasm with GE reflux.
(sodium polystyrene sulfonate) Antidote. treatment of hyperkalemia.
(digoxin) Antiarrhythmic Agent. treatment of congestive heart failure.
pertaining to the larynx and the trachea.
a term applied to several tongue-shaped processes.
(methylprednisolone) Adrenal Corticosteroid. antiinflammatory or immunosuppressant agent in the treatment of a variety of diseases including those of hematologic, allergic, inflammatory, neoplastic, and autoimmune origin.
increase in the concentration of hydrogen ions in the arterial blood above normal, 40 nmol/L, or pH 7.4.
metabolic acidosis
decreased pH and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids caused either by the accumulation of acids or by abnormal losses of fixed base from the body, as in diarrhea or renal disease.
Mycoplasma titer
a genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing Gran-negative cells.
causing dilution of the pupil, an agent that dilates the pupil.
(phenelzine) Antidepressant, Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor. symptomatic treatment of atypical, nonendogenous or neurotic depression.
a device used to reduce liquid medication to extremely fine cloudlike particles; useful in delivering medication to deeper parts of the respiratory tract.
nephrostomy tube
placed in the renal collecting system for drainage, diagnostic tests, or removal of calculi. may be placed through a percutaneous route or during an open surgical procedure.
(ethynyl estradiol and norethindrone) Contraceptive. prvention of pregnancy, treatment of hypermenorrhea, endometriosis, female hypogonadism.
Antidepressent, Tricyclic. treatment of various forms of depression, often in conjugation with psychotherapy.
(tranylcypromine) Antidepressant. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor. symptomatic treatment of depressed patients refractory to or intolerant to tricyclic antidepressants or electroconvulsive therapy.
tissues of a specific organ.
prerenal azotemia
an abnormal increase in concentration of urea and other nitrogenous substances in the blood plasma. prerenal: resulting from something other than primary renal disease.
Antiemetic; Phenothiazine Derivative. Symptomatic treatment of various allergic conditions and motion sickness; sedative and antiemetic.
a state characterized by a disordered protein formation and distribution, deposition of abnormal proteins in tissues.
Quinidex Extentabs
(quinidine) Antiarrhythmic Agent, Class I-A. prophylaxis after cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and/or flutter to maintain normal sinus rhythm.