Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Type II hyperlipoproteinemia:
increase LDL due to decrease in LDL receptors
Type III hyperlipoproteinemia:
deficiency apoE; increase remnants
Type IV hyperlipoproteinemia:
increase VLDL; most common lipid disorder
C-reactive protein:
excellent marker of disrupted fibrous plaques
Abdominal aorta:
most common site for atherosclerosis
Aortic arch aneurysm:
tertiary syphilis; vasculitis of vasa vasorum
Kidney hamartoma composed of blood vessels, muscle, and mature adipose tissue. Association with tuberous sclerosis
Liver angiosarcoma associated with exposure to polyvinyl chloride, arsenic, thorium dioxide
Bacillary angiomatosis:
Benign capillary proliferation involving skin and visceral organs in AIDS patients. Stimulates Kaposi sarcoma in AIDS. Caused by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacillus
Capillary hemangioma:
Facial lesion in newborns that regresses with age
Cavernous hemangioma:
Most common benign tumor of liver and spleen. May rupture if large
Cystic hygroma:
Lymphangioma in the neck associated with Turner's syndrome
Glomus tumor:
Derive from arteriovenous shunts in glomus bodies. Painful red subungual nodule in a digit
Hereditary telangiectasia (AD):
Dilated vessels on skin and mucous membranes in mouth and gastrointestinal tract. Chronic iron deficiency anemia
Kaposi sarcoma:
Malignant tumor arising from endothelial cells or primitive mesenchymal cells. Associated with human herpesvirus type 8. Raised, red-purple discoloration that progresses from a flat lesion to a plaque to a nodule that ulcerates. Common site include skin, mouth, and gastrointestinal tract
Malignancy of lymphatic vessels. Arises out of longstanding chronic lymphedema after modified radical mastectomy
Pyogenic granuloma:
Vascular, red pedunculated mass that ulcerates and bleeds easily. Post-traumatic or associated with pregnancy (relation to estrogen); usually regress postpartum
Spider telangiectasia:
Arteriovenous fistula (disappears when compressed). Associated with hyperestrinism (e.g. cirrhosis, pregnancy physiologic)
Sturge-Weber syndrome:
Nevus flammeus ("birthmark") on face in distribution of ophthalmic branch of cranial nerve V (trigeminal). Ipsilateral malformation of pia mater vessels overlying occipital and parietal lobes
Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (AD):
Cavernous hemangiomas in cerebellum and retina. Increased indicence of pheochromacytoma and bilateral renal cell carcinomas
Takayasu's arteritis ("pulseless disease"):
Granulomatous large vessel vasculitis involving aortic arch vessels (blocks). Absent upper extremity pulse, visual defects, stroke
Giant cell (temporal) arteritis:
Granulomatous large vessel vasculitis involving superficial temporal and ophthalmic arteries. Temporal headache, jaw claudication, Blindness, Polymyalgia rheumatica (muscle and joint pain)
Polyarteritis nodosa:
Necrotizing medium-sized vessel vasculitis. HBsAg (30%) Chronic Hep B. Focal vasculitis produces aneurysms; Organ infarction in kidneys (hematuma), heart, bowels, skin.
Kawasaki disease:
Necotizing medium-sized vessel vasculitis involving coronary arteries. Desquamating rash, swelling of hands and feet, cervical adenopathy, oral erythema; Cortocosteroids contraindicated
Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease):
Medium sized vessel vasculitis with digital vessel thrombosis (fingers/toes). Food claudation, Raynaud's phenomenon, ulceration, gangrene
Raynaud's disease:
Medium-sized vessel vasculitis involving digital vessels in fingers and toes. Paroxysmal digital color changes; Ulceration and gangrene in chronic cases
Raynaud's phenomenon:
Medium sized vessel vasculitis involving digital vessels in fingers and toes. Systemic sclerosis and CREST syndrome: digital vasculitis with vessel fibrosis, dystrophic calcification, ulceration, gangrene
Wegener's granulomatosis:
Necrotizing medium-sized and small vessel vasculitis. Necrotizing vasculitis in upper respiratory tract (saddle nose deform), lower respiratory tract, kidneys; Necrotizing granulomas in upper respiratory tract (saddle nose deformity), lungs c-ANCA
Microscopic polyangiitis:
small vessel vasculitis involving skin, lung, brain, GI tract, and postcapillary venules and glomerular capillaries. Same stage of inflammation; Palpable purpura, glomerulonephritis p-ANCA
Churg-Strauss syndrome:
small vessel vasculitis involving skin, lung, heart vessels. Allergic rhinitis, asthma; p-ANCA antibodies, eosinophilia
Henoch-Schonlein purpura:
Small vessel vasculitis involving skin, GI tract, renal, join vessels. IgA immunocomplexes. Palpable purpura of buttocks and lower extremeties; Polyarthritis, glomerulonephritis, GI bleeding
small vessel vasculitis involving skin, GI tract, renal vessels. Association with HCV, type I MPGN. Cryoglobulins: immunoglobulins; palpable purpura, acral cyanosis of nose and ears
Serum Sickness:
Small vessel vasculitis involving immunocomplex deposition in skin vessels. Fever, urticaria with vasculitis, arthralgia, GI pain with melena
Infectious vasculitis:
small vessel vasculitis involving skin vessels. Rocky Mountain spotted fever: tick Rickettsia rickettsiae; petechiae on palms spread to trunk; Disseminated meningococcemia; Capillary thrombosis