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### 18 Cards in this Set

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 velocity the rate of change of displacement; includes both speed and direction average speed equals distance divided by time displacement measures the change in position of an object, using the starting point and ending point and noting the direction kinetic energy energy an object has due to its motion; depends on the object's mass and velocity speed the rate of change of an object's position average velocity equals displacement divided by time relative motion motion of an object which is described relative to a particular frame of reference law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be destroyed or created; it is only transformed from one form to another inertia measures an object's tendency to remain at rest or to stay in constant motion GPE equals force of gravity X height GPE = mgh acceleration the rate of change of velocity; can act in the direction of motion, at an angle, or opposite to the direction of motion. gravitational potential energy the energy an object could potentially gain if it falls, depending on its mass and the height it can fall average acceleration equals change in velocity divided by time energy the ability to cause change; cannot be destroyed or created, only transferred from one form to another mass quantity of matter in an object and a measure of the object's inertia; unit is the kilogram momentum mass X velocity p = mv law of conservation of momentum states that if no outside forces act on a group of objects, the momentum of the group will not change momentum the product of mass and velocity; quantity of motion for an object