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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What neurotransmitters do adrenergic drugs mimic?
Norepiniphrine
Epinephrine
Dopamine
What are 4 brochodilating adrenergic agents?
Albuteral sulfate
Epinephrine (adrenaline)
Isoproterenol hydrochloride
Salmeterol
What are vasoactive adrenergic agents?
Primarily have cardioselective effects,used to support a failing heart or treat shock.
What drug mimics sympathetic nervous system stimulation to increase blood pressure and heart rate?
Epiniphrine.
What is a toxic effect of epinephrine?
Intracranial bleeding.
name 4 therapeutic uses for epinephrine
anaphylaxis
acute asthma
open angle glaucoma
control bleeding
What is the drug of choice to treat an anaphylactic reaction to penicillin?
Epiniphrine
What is the purpose for pilocarpine?
reduces IOP
What is the purpose for Bethanechol?
Increases bladder and GI motility. Sphincters in bladder and GI tract relax & empty
what is the purpose for donepezil (Aricept)?
Increases Ach at receptor sites - used for alzheimer's
what is the purpose for physostigmine?
causes skeletal muscle contraction - used in the Tx and Dx of myasthenia gravis
What is the anitdote for cholinergic poisoning?
Atropine
What are the side effects of donepezil (Aricept)?
bradycardia, hypotension, HA, dizziness, respiratory depression, bronchospasms.
What are the drug effects of the cholinergic-blocking agents?
compete with ACh for binding at the muscarinic receptors of PSNS
Indications for Atropine:
cardiovascular disorders, used preop to reduce salivation and GI secretions
indications for Dicyclomine:
functional disturbances of GI motility and IBS
indications for Scopolamine
motion sickness
indications for Tolterodine:
urinary frequency, urgency, and urge incontinence.
name 3 drugs that are Benzodiazepines
Diazepam (valium)
lorazepam (Ativan)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
What teaching instructions should be provided regarding Buspar
Should not be used PRN - must be scheduled
What is the antidote for Benzodiazepine OD
lavage
activated charcoal
hemodialysis in extreme cases
What antihistimine is used to treat short term mild anxiety?
Hydroxyzine
What is MAO of SSRI
inhibit reuptake of seratonin