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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the layers of the earth.
Crust, Mantle, Outer core and inner core.
What is the outer layer of the earth called?
Crust
What is the innermost layer of the earth.
core - inner core
A scientist who studied the composition and history of the earth is known as a what?
a - biologist, b - meteorologist, c - botanist, d - geologist
d - geologist
Where is magma located?
a - above the earth's surface
b - below the earth's surface
b - below the earth's surface
Rocks formed from magma are called what type of rock?
Igneous
Rocks formed under intense pressure and heat are called what type of rock?
Metamorphic
Particles such as mud and sand settle out of water and cement together making what type of rock?
Sedimentary.
Which layer of the earth is the thinnest and is made of different kinds of rocks?
crust
Which layer is made up of heavy metals, such as iron and nickel, in a liquid state. Choose from inner core, outer core, mantle and crust
outer core
Which layer consists of molten (melted) rock? (Think magma) Choose from inner or outer core and inner or outer mantle.
Outer mantle - think magma
Which is the deepest layer from which geologists have been able to take rock samples. Core, mantle, or crust.
Crust
What is the state of matter within the inner core?
Solid, liquid, gas or plasma
Solid
Soil is made of which of the following things? a - rock particles, b - decaying plant matter, c - decaying animal remains d - all of the above.
d - all of the above.
What do we call the series of processes that change rock from one type to another over a long period of time?
The rock cycle.
The names of the 3 major groups of rocks are based upon what? a - the minerals in the rock, b- when the rocks formed, c - the rock's grains, d - how the rocks formed. (Think igneous,metamorphic & sedimentary)
d - how they were formed.
Which type of rock is formed from rock particles close to the surface of the crust?
metamorphic, sedimentary, igneous, or sediment
sedimentary
Which rock is named for the greek term to change?
igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary
metamorphic
Erosion and depositiion play roles in the formation of what kind of rock?
metamorphic, sedimentar, igneous
sedimentary
When lava cools, which type of rock is formed?
igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary
igneous
Which type of rock is deposited in layers and compressed into rock
igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary
Sedimentary
In which type of rock are fossils typically found?
igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic
sedimentary
Which type of rock is changed by intense heat and pressure?
igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary
metamorphic
Sediments become sedimentary rocks due to what processes?
weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
compaction & cementation.
Sedimentary rocks become metamorphic rocks due to what processes? weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
heat & pressure
Metamorphic rock becomes magma due to what process?weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
melting
Magma becomes an igneous rock due to what processes?weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
cooling
Igneous rocks become sediments due to what processes? weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
weathering & erosion
Igneous rocks become metamorphic rocks due to what processes? weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure or compaction & cementation.
heat & pressure
Metamorphic or sedimentary rocks become sediment due to what processes? weathering & erosion, melting, cooling, heat & pressure.
Weathering & erosion.