Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Basic Functions of the Nervous System
Recognize changes in the internal and external environments; Process and integrate these environmental changes; React to the environmental changes by producing an action or response
Acetylcholine (ach)
primary neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system; also present at somatic neuromuscular junctions and at parasympathetic and sympathetic preganglionic nerves
adrenergic
a term relating to nerves that release norepinephrine or epinephrine
adrenergic blockers
a drug that blocks the actions of the sympathetic nervous system
adrenergic drugs or sympathomimetics
a drug that mimics the action of the sympathetic nervous system. Produce classic symptoms of fight or flight response.
alpha receptor
type of subreceptor found in the sympathetic nervous system
beta receptor
type of subreceptor found in the sympathetic nervous system
anticholinergics
a drug that inhibits the action of acetylcholine at its receptor
cholinergic
a term relating to nerves that release acetylcholine
cholinergic blockers
a drug that blocks the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system.
Cholinergic Drug
Another name for a parasympathomimetic drug
ganglia
collections of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
muscarinic
type of cholinergic receptor found in smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands
nicotinic
type of cholinergic receptor found in ganglia of both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
norepinephrine
primary neurotransmitter in the sympathetic nervous system.
parasympathetic nervous system
portion of the autonomic system that is active during periods of rest and digestion.
parasympathomimetics
drugs that mimic the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
portion of the autonomic system that is active during periods of stress and which produces the fight-or-flight response.
sympatholytics
a drug that blocks the actions of the sympathetic nervous system
sympathomimetics
a drug that mimics that actions of sympathetic nervous system.