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26 Cards in this Set

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echinacea uses
1) > immune system
2) for cold/flu
3) wound healing
4) UTI, bronchitis
concerns of echinacea
1) hepatotoxicity
2) < effectiveness of steroid
ephedra (Ma-Huang) uses
1) diet aid
2) asthma
3) bronchitis
4) antitussive
ephedra concerns
1) arrhythmias
2) sympathetic crisis with MAOIs
3) >BP and HR
4) fatalities
Feverfew uses
1) migrain headaches
2) fever
3) arthritis, RA
4) allergies
feverfew concerns
1) Plt inhibition
2) rebound migraines
garlic uses
1) cholesterol/lipid lowering
2) antihypertensive
3) anticoagulant
garlic concerns
1) > bleeding times
ginger uses
1) antiemetic
2) antispasmotic
ginger concerns
1) inhibits thromboxane synthetase, < clotting
ginkgo biloba uses
1) > blood circu. and oxygenation
2) enhance mental alertness and memory
concern of ginkgo biloba
enhance anticoagulant effects
ginseng uses
1) > physical stamina
2) enhance mental concentration
3) antioxidant
concerns of ginseng
1) > bleeding times
2) post menopausal bleeding
3) > BP and HR
4) mania with Phenelzine (Nardil)
5) < effectiveness of warfarin
goldenseal uses
1) laxative
2) diuretic
3) anti-infla
goldenseal concern
1) enhanced Na retention
kava-kava uses
1) anxiolytic
2) muscle relaxant
kava-kava concerns
1) > duration of anesthetics
2) > effects of CNS depressants
3) > suicidal risk in depressed pts
4) hepatotoxicity
5) aggravation of Parkinson's dz
Licorice uses
1) GI ulcers
2) antitussive
Licorice concern
1) > BP and edema
2) hypokalemia
Saw Palmetto use
1) BPH
concern of Saw Palmetto
interact with other hormone therapy
St. John's Wort uses
1) CNS depression or axiety
2) sleep disorders
St. John's Wort concerns
1) > effect of anesthesia
2) < effectiveness of HIV protease inhibitors and reverse transcriptase inhibitors
3) < Digoxin levels
Valerian use
1) sedative or anxiolytic
Valerian concern
1) potentiation of other CNS depressants