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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How are admenemnts made to the Constitution?
a. By two-thirds of boh houses of Congress
b. two-thirds of the state legislatures asking for a special convention on the amendment.
What were the Federalist Papers
essays explaining aand defending the Constitution that were later published and sent to delegates at the remaining ratifying conventions
When was the Bill of Rights written
1791
What secton of the Constitution protects our civil rights?
Bill of Rights
How was the election of 1800 decided?
The House had to keep on voting
Who was lewis's partner?
Clark
What is a lock on a canal?
Locks were seprate compartment where water levels were raised or lowered.
Why was Andrew Jackson called the "comman man" president?
because he favored every-day farmers & ordinary americans
What main issue concerned the Seneca Falls convention?
Womans' rights
Who created the Missouri Compromise?
henry clay
What was the main argument that southen states used to leave the union?
slavery, unfair treatment
what was Stephen Douglas's idea on how areas should decide about slavery?
popular saverginity
How did the battle of Shiloh get its name?
The battle of Shiloh got its name because the Battle ws fought in a town with a nearby church named Shiloh.
Where were the draft riots?
new York City
What is habeas corpus?
The right of accused indiviuals the right to a hearing before being in jail
Who was Aaron Burr?
Jeffersons presidental running mate, Vice President of the U.S, under Jefferson, hamiltons enemy and killed him in a duel
What was the XYZ affair?
Was when the US attempted to help Britain in there war against France. On their way to help American ships French siezed the ships. When trying to settle the Oisbole the french foreign minister refused to meet with the Americans. Instead they sent 3 agents who demanded a bribe and a loan to France refering to the agents as X.Y.Z. the event became known as the XYZ affair.
Who was the first secretary of the treasury?
Alexander Hamilton
Who was York?
King Charles II brother
What did Stephen Decatur do?
A 25 year-old united States Navy Captain, who took action by slipping into the heavily guarded harbor with a small raiding party, Dectaur burned the captured ship to prevent the pirates from using it.
What are customs duties?
Taxes on foreign imported goods
What is tribute?
Money paid for protection
What was William Becknell's route called?
Santa Fe Trail
Who was James Beckworth?
A Black Explorer from virginia who explored Wyomyings Green River.
Who explored the Green River?
James Beckworth
How did the North make most of its money?
industry-factories
How did the south make most of its money?
Agriculture especially cotton
What are fixed costs
Fixed costs- regular expenses such as housing or maintaining equitment that remain about the same year after year.
What does an overseer do?
Overseers are people who supervises a large operation or its workers
Wat increased the processing of cotton?
the cotton gin
Who was Aaron Burr?
Jeffersons presidental running mate, Vice President of the U.S, under Jefferson, hamiltons enemy and killed him in a duel
What was the XYZ affair?
Was when the US attempted to help Britain in there war against France. On their way to help American ships French siezed the ships. When trying to settle the Oisbole the french foreign minister refused to meet with the Americans. Instead they sent 3 agents who demanded a bribe and a loan to France refering to the agents as X.Y.Z. the event became known as the XYZ affair.
Who was the first secretary of the treasury?
Alexander Hamilton
Who was York?
King Charles II brother
What did Stephen Decatur do?
A 25 year-old united States Navy Captain, who took action by slipping into the heavily guarded harbor with a small raiding party, Dectaur burned the captured ship to prevent the pirates from using it.
What are customs duties?
Taxes on foreign imported goods
What is tribute?
Money paid for protection
What was William Becknell's route called?
Santa Fe Trail
Who was James Beckworth?
A Black Explorer from virginia who explored Wyomyings Green River.
Who explored the Green River?
James Beckworth
How did the North make most of its money?
industry-factories
How did the south make most of its money?
Agriculture especially cotton
What are fixed costs
Fixed costs- regular expenses such as housing or maintaining equitment that remain about the same year after year.
What does an overseer do?
Overseers are people who supervises a large operation or its workers
Wat increased the processing of cotton?
the cotton gin
How did Lincoln and Douglass feel about the Mexican War?
Lincoln and Douglass opossed the war
What 3 departments did Congress set up to help Washington run the government?
1. The State Department
2. Treasury Department
3. War Department
How were the ranchos and plantation owners similar?
Ranchos were huge properties for raising livestock set up Mexican settlers in Caifornia. Plantation owners are large estate run by an owner or manager and farmed by laborers who lived there
What was the Proclamation of Neutrality?
The Proclamation of Neutrality prohibitted any American citizens from fighting in the French and Britain war.
What was the Whig party's campagin slogan in 1844?
"Tippecanoe and Tyler too"
Did the Missouri Compromise cause any problems between the North and the South?
In the beginning it did not cause problems but then as new states were coming in it did cause problems between the North and the South.
Why did the Era of Good Feeling End?
Sectionalism ended the Era of Good Feelings
Did Hamilton and jefferson share the same ideas on how to govern the nation?
No hamilon and jefferson shared very different ideas on how to govern the nation
What are locks used for a canal?
Locks provided a way to raise and lower boats at places where canal levels changed.
Why did Congress pass the Alien and Sedition Acts?
Congress passed the Alien and sedition Act because they wanted to protect the nation's security. The Alien and sedtition act did not primite immigrants who were not citizens to come into the nation.
Who developed interchangeable parts?
Eli Whitney
How did steamboats affect the economy of river cities?
Steamboats made it easier, cheaper, and more efficiant to trade which made the river cities grow
Why did Congress pass the Alien and Sedition
congress passed the alien and sedition act to protect the country from illegal immigrants
Who developed interchangeable parts?
eli whitney
What were private roads made of crushed stone or logs called?
turnpikes
Did the Civil War increase the power of the federal government?
yes
Where did the california gold rush start?
sacramento, california
What were Grant's terms when he accepted the surrender of Lee?
unconditional serenitdy
Who led the Mormmonms to the Great Salt Lake, Utah?
Bringham Young
In the 1840's how did you become a teacher?
you went to teaching (normal) school
What was Lincoln's main goal in the Civil War?
Bring the union back together
What did Thoreau do to protest the war with the Mexico
he didn't pay his taxes and was sent to jail to where he wrote a book.
Why did McCllan fail to capture Richmond in mid 1862?
He failed because he was slow and timid and the south had more troops.
How did the Grimke sisters recieve their inheritance?
they got slaves and then freed them
Did Shaker women have more rights in their communites than the average woman living on the outside?
yes
What did elizabeth blackwell do?
she was the first woman to get a medical degree
was Virginia a southern or northern state?
southern
who did Lincoln appoint commander in chief of the union forces after
george McClullen
Which isde did David Farragut fight for in the war and what did he capture
he fought for the union and captured new orleans
In 1840 what is the only group that could vote for the president
White men
Who was York?
a slave was that was taken along the lewis and clark expedition.
What did Stephen Decatur do?
he took action slipping into the heavy guarded harbor and burned the carptured ship to prevent the pirates from using it
Who was James Beckwourth?
an african american from virginia expllored whyoming's green river
Who explored the Green River?
James Beckwourth
who was raised by the Cherokee?
sam huston
what president annexed Texas?
James K. Polk
Why did Southern states dislike plan to pay off the debt?
because it caused tarrifs and they didnt want tarrifs and they felt that they were paying more of the share
What were the details of the Adams-Onis Treaty
spain gave east florida to the US and abandoned all claims to westh florida US gives up claims to spanish in texas and paid 5 million
Why did Washington serve only two terms
he wanted to go back to mount veron with his family
Did Hamilton and jefferson share the same ideas on how to govern the country?
no hamilton believed in central government and jefferson believed in states rights
What were Washington's feeling about political parties??
he thought they divided the nation