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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name 3 things a plant cell has that an animal cell doesn't
cell wall
big vacuoles
cholorplast
in order for an organism to grow bigger it's cells must undergo
cell division
name an organism that makes it's own food
green plants
or
algae
what is the name of the food making process in plants
photosynthesis
where does the energy needed to make food in the process of photosynthesis come from
the sun
what is it called when egg & sperm combine to make a zygote
fertilization
what is the name of the process of cell division which produces 1/2 as many chromosomes as the body cells do
meiosis
where in the cells is the heredity material contained
genes
how many parents are involved in sexual reproduction
2
how many parents are involved in asexual reproduction
1
during sexual reproduction the offspring receives genetic information from how many parents
2
in sexual reproduction, how many genetic materials does the offspring receive from each parent
1/2
if 2 heterozygous parents are mated withthe genes Rr x Rr what % of their offspring would have red feathers (R)
75%
what type of reproduction will cause an organisms offspring to have the most differences
sexual reproduction
when if competition among organisms the greatest
when they have similar needs
how are characteristics passed from one generation to the next
genes
or
DNA
which nutrient helps a person grow bigger
protein
energy is produced when food is combined with
oxygen
the process of making energy inside cells is known as
cellular respiration
hormones and nerves help an organism to ________ to the environment
respond
nutients needed by the body to prevent disease are
vitamins
plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make
glucose
what happens to the amt of energy as it goes up the food chain or food pyramid
amt of energy becomes less because it is used up by the organism along the way
what kind of organism always starts a food chain
plant
all food chains get their original energy from the
sun
carnivores only eat
meat
herbivores only eat
plants
omnivores eat
both pants & meat
how does the circulatory & digestive system work inside an organism to help the organism live
in the human body the cir sys & dig sys work together,the dig sys breaks down food into microscopic particles,the cells absorb food particles from the small intestine(dig)-> cells give food to all functions of the body (cir)
name 3 things a plant cell has that an animal cell doesn't
cell wall
big vacuoles
cholorplast
in order for an organism to grow bigger it's cells must undergo
cell division
name an organism that makes it's own food
green plants
or
algae
what is the name of the food making process in plants
photosynthesis
where does the energy needed to make food in the process of photosynthesis come from
the sun
what is it called when egg & sperm combine to make a zygote
fertilization
what is the name of the process of cell division which produces 1/2 as many chromosomes as the body cells do
meiosis
where in the cells is the heredity material contained
genes
how many parents are involved in sexual reproduction
2
how many parents are involved in asexual reproduction
1
during sexual reproduction the offspring receives genetic information from how many parents
2
in sexual reproduction, how many genetic materials does the offspring receive from each parent
1/2
if 2 heterozygous parents are mated withthe genes Rr x Rr what % of their offspring would have red feathers (R)
75%
what type of reproduction will cause an organisms offspring to have the most differences
sexual reproduction
when is competition among organisms the greatest
when they have similar needs
how are characterisitics passed from one generation to another
genes

DNA
which nutrient helps a person grow bigger
protein
energy is produced when food is combined with
oxygen
process of making energy inside cells is known as
cellular respiration
hormones & nerves help an organism to _________ to the environment
respond
nutrients needed by the body to prevent disease are
vitamins
plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make
glucose
what happens to the amount of energy as it goes up the food chain or food pyramid
amount of energy becomes less because it is used up by the organism along the way
what kind of organism always starts a food chain
plant
all food chains get their original energy for the
sun
CARNIVORES EAT ONLY
MEAT
HERBIVORES EAT ONLY
PLANTS
OMNIVORES EAT
BOTH PLANTS AND ANIMALS
abiotic
non living

sun, water, clouds
biotic
living
fish, tree, cats
how do living things and non-living things depend on each other
shelter - protection
food
water
explain cell division
mitosis is asexual reproduction involving 1 parent involving a series of steps
what are the steps of mitosis
interphase prophase
metaphase anaphase
telephase
explain the process of photosynthesis
carbon dixoide, water and energy from the sunlight forms glucose (made in choloroplast) -> waste product is released into the air
who does photosynthesis
plants
single celled algae
what is photosynthesis
process of making glucose using sunlight
where does photo. happen
chloroplast
when does photo. happen
during daytime
how does photo. happen
carbon dioxide + water + energy = glucose + oxygen
who does aerobic/cellular respiration
plants
animals
what is aerobic /cellular respiration
the process of cells making food
where does aerobic/cellular respiration happen
mitochondria
when does aerobic/cellular respiration happen
all the time
how does aerobic/cellular respiration happen
glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water + energy
explain how the circulatory & digestive system work together inside and organism to help the organism live
food goes to stomach, enzyems digest the food, nutirients get absorbed in small bowel - goes to circulation - via blood nutirents goes to diff parts of body
explain how the respiratory system and nervous system work together to help an organism live
nervous sys has breathing center that controls lungs, ratio of CO2 in lungs which the brain uses to determine if lungs should breathe slow or fast - when CO2 goes up - brain makes body breathe faster