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60 Cards in this Set

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Classify
to group organisms according to similarites
Taxonomy
the science of grouping organisms
species
a group of very very similar organisms
kingdom
largest taxonomic group
dichotomous key
tool used to identify and name organism
parasite
organism that lives in or on the organism
herbivore
eats only plants
carnivore
eats only meat
omnivore
eats both plants & meat
host
organism that has a parasite living on it or in it
genotype
the appearance of an organisms genes
genetics
study of heredity
heredity
passing of traits to offspring
traits
any characteristic that is passed from generation to generation
Punnett Square
tool used to predict the results of a genetic cross
gametes
sex cells such as egg or sperm
sexual reproduction
reproduction involving 2 parents
homozygous
having 2 same alleles "pure" allels
heterozygous
having 2 different allels
Phenotype
the physical appearance of an organism
open circulatory system
blood is not inside vessels
closed circulatory system
blood is inside vessels
skeletal system
system that makes red blood cells
digestive system
system used to break food down small enough to get inside a cell
circulatory system
system that transports nutrients & oxygen
cnidarian
organism with stinging cells
mollusk
soft bodie4d animal, sometimes with shells
exoskelton
outer covering or shell
arachnid
spiders
molting
shedding an outer shell
chromosome
tiny bits of DNA / control heredity
asexual reproduction
reproduction with only one parent cell
diploid
having full set of chromosomes
haploid
having 1/2 set of chromosomes
meiosis
reproduction of sex cells, where one parent cell divides into 2 daughter cells
cilia
tiny hair like structures
pseudopod
false foot
cell membrane
outer covering that allows materials to go in and out of a cell
mitosis
cell division, asexual reporduction
cell wall
outer covering of a plant cell
protist
kingdom that has organisms that are 1 celled
protozoan
one celled organism that lives in the ocean
flagella
tail used for movement
unicellular
one celled
fungi
kingdom that contains mushrooms, molds, yeast, eats decaying material
animals
kingdom that has organisms that catch & eat food
bacteria
kingdom of one celled organisms WITHOUT A NUCLEUS
plants
kingdom or organisms that make their own food
algae
one celled plants that live in the ocean
eukaryotic
any cell with a nucleus
cell
smallest unit of life
triple beam balance
tool used to find the mass of something
microscope
tool used to magnify things
homeostasis
to maintain a constant internal temperature
experiment
procedure with a Q to test a hypothesis
scientific method
series of steps to solve a problem
hypothesis
educated guess based on knowledge
control
part of the experiment that stays the same
variable
part of the experiment that is changed
organism
any living thing