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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is a poypeptide
a long chain of amino acids that will make a protien
what is a codon
a group of 3 nucleotides (bases) that make up the code for a specific amino acid
What is Translation
It is the process arranging the amino acids in the proper order to make protiens in protien synthesis
what is a protien molecule
it is an organic compound made up of amino acids
what is a hydrogen bond
it is the "Glue" that holds the bases together
What is a nucleotide
it is a phosphate ,a sugar and a base that forms the outside of the "ladder" in DNA
What is a complementary pare
it is 2 bases that always match up and work together
DNA Replication
enzymes break the hydrogen bond that holds the bases together so that the double helix breaks apart and each half of the exposed bases match up with "free" ones that are floating in the neucloplasm
The cytoplasm of the nucleus
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
This is the chemical that breaks the Hydrogen bond between the complimentary bases and provides the energy needed for DNA replication
"Reads" the MRNA and is where protien synthesis takes place
where are ribosomes
they are located in the endoplamic reticulum and floating in the cytoplasm
Which are the purine bases
Adnine and Guanine
What are the pyrimidine bases
Thymine and Cytosine