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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alliteration
the repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of a word
ex. “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers”
Irony
the difference between what is said and what is meant, what is said and what is done, what is expected or intended and what happens, what is meant or said and what others understand.
Ex. Saying “nice weather” during a hurricane
Sarcasm
a kind of irony; it is praise which is really an insult
ex. “This is my brilliant son, who failed out of college.”
Denotation
the literal meaning of a word; dictionary meaning
Connotation
the emotions, values, or images associated with a word
Figurative Language
changes the literal meaning of words, to make a meaning fresh or clearer, to capture a physical or sensory effect, or to extend meaning
Simile
a comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”

ex. “my love is like a red, red, rose”
Metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things, it says that one thing is another

ex. “my love is a red, red rose”
Personification
giving inanimate objects human characteristics

ex. “nature wept” or “the wind whispered many truths to me”
Hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration

ex. “I am so hungry I could eat a horse”
Onomatopoeia
a word whose sounds seem to duplicate the sounds
they describe

ex. hiss, bang, boom, meow, eeekkk
Oxymoron
a state with two parts which seem contradictory

ex. “a wise fool” “the sound of silence” “same difference”
Idiom
is a group of words which, when used together, has a
different meaning from the one which the individual
words have

ex. “cats got your tongue” “eager beaver” “let the cat out of the bag”
Style
manner of expression; how a speaker or writer says what he says
Symbol
anything that stands for something else

ex. American Flag standing for freedom
Tone
the writer’s attitude toward the material and/or reader
Mood
is the feeling created by a literary work or passage
Flashback
a scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past
Foreshadowing
the author’s use of clues to hint what might happen in
the future
Imagery
words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses (look, sound, feel, taste, and smell)

ex. “There is a thing beneath the stair with slimy face and oily
hair”
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

ex. try to light the fire
Tone
the writer’s attitude toward the material and/or reader
Mood
is the feeling created by a literary work or passage
Flashback
a scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past
Foreshadowing
the author’s use of clues to hint what might happen in
the future
Imagery
words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses (look, sound, feel, taste, and smell)

ex. “There is a thing beneath the stair with slimy face and oily
hair”
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

ex. try to light the fire