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36 Cards in this Set

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GEOGRAPHY
The study of the Earth and its land, water, plant and animal life.
ABSOLUTE LOCATION
The exact position of a place on the Earth's surface.
HEMISPHERE-
One half of the globe-the equator divides the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian divides it into eastern and western hemispheres.
LATITUDE
Location north or south ( up and down) of the equator measured by imaginary lines (parallels)(Degrees)
LONGITUDE
Location east and west (left/right) of the Prime Meridian. Measured in degres east and west.
GRID SYSTEM
Network of imaginary lines on the Earth's surface formed by the patterns of the lines of longitude and latitude.
RELATIVE LOCATION
The position of a place on the Earth's surface in relation to another place.
EVAPORATION
A process in which water from oceans, lakes and streams is turned into a gas or vapor by the sun's heat.
MOVEMENT
One of the geographic themes describing how people move from different places.
REGION
One of the geographic themes defining parts of the Earth that share common characteristics.
PLACE
One of the geographic themes describing the typical characterisitics that distinguish one place from another.
GALAXY
A huge system in the universe including millions of stars.
SOLAR SYSTEM
A group of planets and other bodies that revolve around the sun.
ORBIT
Elliptical path that a planet follows in revolving around the sun.
LEAP YEAR
Year with 366 days to account for the extra one fourth day in Earth's revolution around the sun.
AXIS
The horizontal (bottom-like the horizon) or vertical (side up and down) line of measurement of a graph.
SOLSTICE
A day in June and December when the sun is directly overhead at the Tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn marking the beginning of summer or winter.
EQUINOX
Day in March and September when the sun's rays are directly overhead at the Equator making day and night of equal length.
REVOLUTION
A planet's one complete trip around the sun or in politics- a sudden change in the governemnt
LANDFORM
Landscape of the Earth formed over years.
CORE
Central layer of the Earth, probably composed of hot iron and nickel.
MANTLE
Middle layer of the Earth composed of thick, hot rock.
CRUST
Outer Layer of the Earth.
MAGMA
Melted rock within the Earth's mantle.
CONTINENT
One of the major land areas of the Earth.
PLATE TECTONICS
Theory in Geology that the Earth's crust is made up of huge moving plates of rock.
FAULT
A crack in the rocks of the Earth's crust along which movement occurs.
EARTHQUAKE
Violent jolting or shaking of the Earth caused by movement of rocks along a fault.
TSUNAMI
A huge sea wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean's floor.
WEATHERING
Process by which surface rocks are broken down into smaller pieces-water, chemicals or frost.
EROSION
Wearing away of the Earth's surface mainly by water, wind or ice.
PLATEAU
Flat landform whose surface is raised above the surrounding land with a steep cliff on one side.
ISTHMUS
Narrow piece of land connecting the larger pieces of land.
PENINSULA
Piece of land surrounded by water on three sides.
STRAIT
Narrow body of water lying between two pieces of land.
ATMOSPHERE
Thick cushion of gases surrounding the Earth made up mainly of the gases nitrogen and oxygen.