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16 Cards in this Set

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What is the Sacrament of Penance?
The Sacrament of Penance (also called confession and reconciliation) is the sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ to forgive the sins committed after Baptism.
When was the Sacrament of Penance instituted by Jesus Christ?
The Sacrament of Penance was instituted by Jesus Christ when He said to the apostles, and through them to their successors: "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained"
Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Penance?
The minister of the Sacrament of Penance is a priest approved by the bishop.
What is required to make a good confession?
Five things are required to make a good confession: 1) examination of conscience, 2) sorrow for sin, 3) intention not to sin again, 4) accusation of sins to a priest, and 5) reception of absolution and penance.
What is the accusation of sins?
The accusation of sins is the declaration of our sins made to the priest.
Which sins are we obliged to confess?
We are obliged to confess all mortal sins that have not been confessed yet, or which were not confessed the right way.
How should we accuse ourselves of our mortal sins?
We should accuse ourselves of every remembered mortal sin according to kind and number, and any important circumstances that may have affected to our guilt.
What should a person do if he does not remember the precise number of mortal sins?
He who does not remember the precise number of his mortal sins should indicate to the confessor the number that seems closest to the truth.
Why must we not allow ourselves to hide a mortal sin through shame?
We must not allow ourselves to hide a mortal sin through shame because we are confessing to Jesus Christ in the person of the priest-confessor.
Does he make a good confession who unwittingly omits or forgets a mortal sin?
Yes, he who unwittingly omits or forgets a mortal sin makes a good confession. When the sin is remembered, the obligation remains to confess it at his next opportunity.
What must one do if he has made a bad confession?
He who knows that he did not make a good confession must confess again and accuse himself of his bad confession.
Can a priest ever tell anyone your sins?
No, a priest may not reveal any sin confessed in the Sacrament of Penance even at the cost of his own life.
What is absolution?
Absolution is the pardoning of the penitent's sins by Jesus Christ, through the priest who says: "I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
When sins have been forgiven by absolution, is all punishment for sin also taken away?
When sins have been taken away by absolution, there remains a debt of temporal punishment to be undergone either in this life or in purgatory.
What is the "satisfaction," or the penance given in the Sacrament of Penance?
The satisfaction or penance given is an action, usually a good work or prayers, imposed by the confessor on the penitent in order, by the grace of Christ, to make up for sin.
When is it proper to do the penance given in the Sacrament of Penance?
It is fitting to do the penance as soon as possible, unless the confessor has assigned a particular time for it.