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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Physiologic Anatomy of the Thyroid Gland
Iodide Pump-the Sodium-Iodide Symporter (Iodide Trapping)
Thyroglobulin and Chemistry of Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine Formation

Formation and Secretion of Thyroglobulin by the Thyroid Cells
Oxidation of the Iodide Ion
Iodination of Tyrosine and Formation of the Thyroid Hormones-"Organification" of Thyroglobulin
Storage of Thyroglobulin
Release of Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine from the Thyroid Gland
Daily Rate of Secretion of Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine
Transport of Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine to Tissues

Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine Are Bound to Plasma Proteins
Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine Are Released Slowly to Tissue Cells
Thyroid Hormones Have Slow Onset and Long Duration of Action
Thyroid Hormones Activate Nuclear Receptors
Thyroid Hormones Increase the Number and Activity of Mitochondria
Thyroid Hormones Increase Active Transport of Ions through Cell Membranes
Effect of Thyroid Hormone on Growth
Effects of Thyroid Hormone on Specific Bodily Mechanisms


Stimulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism
Stimulation of Fat Metabolism
Effect on Plasma and Liver Fats
Increased Requirement for Vitamins
Increased Basal Metabolic Rate
Decreased Body Weight
Effect of Thyroid Hormones on the Cardiovascular System

Increased Blood Flow and Cardiac Output
Increased Heart Rate
Increased Heart Strength
Normal Arterial Pressure
Increased Gastrointestinal Motility
Increased Respiration
Excitatory Effects on the Central Nervous System

Effect on Sleep
Effect on the Function of the Muscles
Muscle Tremor
Effect on Other Endocrine Glands
Effect of Thyroid Hormone on Sexual Function
Regulation of Thyroid Hormone Secretion
Antithyroid Substances Suppress Thyroid Secretion
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Diagnostic Tests for Hyperthyroidism
Physiology of Treatment in Hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism
Diagnostic Tests in Hypothyroidism
Treatment of Hypothyroidism
Atherosclerosis in Hypothyroidism
Cretinism
Myxedema