Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Stratification
A system b y which society ranks its members in a heirarchy.
Stratified Society
One in which there is an unequal distribution of society's rewards and people are arrnaged heirarchially into layers according to how much of society's rewards they posses.
List the 5 forms of stratification.
1. Slavery
2. Estate system
3. Indentured Servant
4. Caste System
5. Class System
Slavery
A systems of stratification in which one person owns another , as property & exploits their labor for economic gain.
List 4 causes of slavery.
Debt
Crime
Prisoners of War
Belif of inherent Superiority
Estate System
An ancient stratification system composed of 3 tiers.
Nobility
Members had great inherited wealtha dn did little or no discenable work. Leisure pursuits.
Clergy
A body of religious officials.
Commoners
The massses, life engaged in hard physical labor, virtually no chance to move up in society.
Indentured Servitude
Individual who agrees to sell his or her body or labor to another for a qualified period of time. Idividula chooses to enter the agreement.
Whatare the 3 main system of stratification that remain today.
1, Slavery
2. Caste System
3. Class System
Caste System
A social system baseb on ASCRIBED STATUSES.
Ascribed Status
Traist or characteristics people posses as a result of their birth.
How did India caste system originate?
A system that originated out of thw Hindu religion, bsed on reincarnation.
Ideology
A set of values people devise to rationalize a particular socila custom.
Endogamy
Marriage within in ones own group or caste.
Social Mobility
Movement up or down the social hierarchy, and is a major characteristic of the class system.
Achieved Status
Status earned or chosenand not subject to where or to whom we were born.
Karl Marx
Conflict Theory
Only two classes
Bourgeoisie
Proletariat
Max Weber
Believed social class included power and prestige, property and wealth.
Power
The ability of an individual to get his/her own way, despite opposition.
Davis & Moore
The Functionalist Perspective
believed that stratification served important function, providing greater rewards to people willing to take more complex jobs.
Melvin Tumin
Disagreed with Davis and Moore. Gender and family wealth contibute to class.
Meritocracies
System of stratification in which positions are given according to individul merit.
Socioeconomic Status
Status based on education, occupation, and income.
Upper Class
Makes up 1 % of US population consists of thsoe with vast inherited wealth ( old money)
New Money
Rich people whose wealth is relatively new.
Middle Class
34 % of the population. People who work at professional and white collar jobs.
Working Class
30% of the population, blue collar jobs.
Working Poor
People with little or no job security, despite working two or more jobs, barely earn enough money to survive.
Poverty Level
People who lack the means to meet their basic needs for food, clothing and shelter.
Feminization of Poverty
Refers to the fact that an increasing number od female-headed householdsliving at or below the poverty level.
William Julius Wilson
Poverty in south and inner city due to lack of jobs.
Oscar Lewis
Culture of Poverty
Culture of Poverty
Poor peole do not learn the norms and values that can improve their circumstances, then become trapped in a repeated pattern of poverty.
Colonialism
Exists when a powwerful country invades a weaker country in order to exploit the resources, making it a clony,
World System Theory
The theroy that as societies industrialized, capitalism becomes the dominat economic system, leading fo globilaization of capitalism.
Neo colonialism
Tendency of tje most industrialiazed nations to exploit less developed countries politically and economically.
Multinational Corporations
Lareg corporations that do business in a number of different countries often exploiting them by usining therir inexpensive labor and cheap raw materials.