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25 Cards in this Set

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A culture with well-developed forms of government, religion, writing, and learning
Civilization
The use of tools and skills to make a product or achieve a goal
Technology
A large mud-brick temple; found in Sumerian cities
Ziggurat
An organized system that groups use to make laws and decisions
Government
A city or village and the farmlands around it
City-state
A government in which one person has the right to rule
Monarchy
To have the right to do something
Authority
An extra supply
Surplus
People who buy and sell goods for a living
Merchants
In ancient times, a person who knew how to write
Scribe
New ways of doing things
Innovations
Take over the land of others
Conquer
A conquered land of many people and places governed by one ruler
Empire
Ruler of an empire
Emperor
A code or collection of 282 laws that dealt with almost every aspect of life
Code of Hammurabi
Fair treatment under the law
Equal justice
Belief in one supreme being
Monotheism
According to the bible: A set of laws for responsible behavior; given to Moses by God
Ten Commandments
Religion of the Jewish people
Judaism
The stories of the Israelites; Five Books of Moses
Torah
A settlement separated from, but under the control of, a home country
Colony
To exchange one good or service for another
Barter
Economic system based on the use of money rather than barter
Money economy
Spreading of new ideas to other places
Cultural diffusion
An agreement
Covenant