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25 Cards in this Set

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the iris is an extension of what?
ciliary body
the outer pigmented layer of the ciliary body is continuous with what layer in the retina?
RPE
inner non pigmented layer of the ciliary body is continuous with what in the retina?
sensory retina
what produces the aqueous in the ciliary body
inner nonpigmented layer of epi
what supplies nutrition to the external half of the retina?
the choroid
what is the primary function of the uveal tract?
nourishment
define uveitis
inflammation of the iris, ciliary body or choroid, (or combination of any of these)
with iritis where will the cells be?
in the AC, NOT in the anterior vitreous
what is iridocyclitis
uveitis of iris and ciliary body
cyclitis is AKA, and is what?
pars planitis or peripheral uveitis, it is uveitis that involves the ciliary body or pars plana area.
iridochoroiditis is what
uveitis of the iris and choroid
historically how is uveitis classified? and name them
by which structure if affects.
anterior = iris or ciliary body or both.
posterior = choroid
intermediate = pars planitis = ciliary body, peripheral choroid, retina
which one is chronic, granulomatous or nongranulomatous uveitis?
granulomatous so that means non is acute
mutton fat KPs are a part of granulomatous or non granulomatous uveititis? what about fine KPs?
granulomatous = fat
non = KPs
name 5 types of etiologies of uveitis
idiopathic
associated systemic inflammatory condition
infectious
traumatic
secondary
males are more at risk of getting uveitis if they have what conditions?
reiters syndrome or ankylosing spondylitis
women are more inclined to get uveitis if they have what conditions?
sarcoid or juvinile chronic arthritis
immunologically uveitis has a strong association with diseases that all have what in common. hint its a tissue "type" that is really not a good test
HLA B27
a pt has an acute onset of photophobia, pain in the eye described as an ache or charlie horse, blurred vision, red eye, hyperlacrimation. what is this specifically
acute anterior uveitis
what are the symptoms of chronic uveitis?
usually asymptomatic, insidious onset, usually little pain, photophobia usually absent, blurred vision (this is why it is noticed)
what will you notice about the accommodation of a pt that has anterior uveitis?
it will be reduced and painful
is the conj involved with uveitis
it may have some circumcorneal (perilimbal) flush --> red eye
what type of reaction or number of cells would you have to see to grade uveitis as 0-1+, 1-2+, 2-3+, or a 3-4+.
0-1+ 1 to 5 cell in 30-60 sec
1-2+ 5 to 10 cells
2-3+ cells scattered throughout beam
3-4+ dense cells in beam
some times you can see what in the anterior chamber of a diabetic pt even though they dont have uveitis
flare but no cells
where is the best place to see cells in the AC? and flare?
b/t the iris and the pupil, in the pupil.