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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Brompheniramine
Chlorpheniramine
Dexchlorpheniramine
Triprolidine HCl
Alkylamines
Brompheniramine (Bromphen, Dimetapp)
Chlorpheniramine (Chlortrimeton)
Dexchlorpheniramine (Dexchlor, Polarmine)
Triprolidine HCl (Actidil, Myidil)
Carbinoxamine maleate/pseudoephedrine
Clemastine fumerate
Dimenhydrinate
Diphenhydramine
Ethanolamines
Carbinoxamine maleate/pseudoephedrine
Clemastine fumerate (Tavist, Contact)
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl, Allerdyl)
Triplennamine HCl
Ethylenediamines
Tripplennamine HCl (PBZ, Pelamine, Triplennamine)
Promethazine
Phenothiazines
Promethazine (Penazine, Phenergan, Phenerzine)
Cyclizine
Meclizine
Piperazines
Cyclizine (Marezine, Marzine)
Meclizine (Antivert, Bonine)
Azatadine
Cyproheptadine
Phenidamine
Piperidines
Azatadine (Optimine)
Cyproheptadine (Periactin)
Phenidamine (Nolahist)
Hydroxyzine
Buclizine
Misc.
Hydroxyzine (Vistaril, Atarax)
Buclizine (Bucladin-S)
-used for motion sickness, antiemetic, has anticholinergic properties
Azelastine
Cetirizine
Fexofenadine
Levocabastine
Loratidine
Desloratidine
2nd Gen. H1 Blockers
Azelastine (Astelin)
Cetirizine (Zyrtec, Reactine)
Fexofenadine (Allegra) - pediatric
Levocabastine (Livostin) - topical opthalmic for allergic conjunctivitis
Loratidine (Claritin) ped. OTC
Desloratidine (Clarinex) -Rx only
Why should you be familiar with what drugs you suggest your pt. take?
-Some drugs with the same name have different ingredients, need to read package to know. -Some drugs have multiple ingredients with its corresponding action, interactions, etc.
-A patient may not need every ingredient in the drug.
-Dose must be sufficient to produce relief.
WHAT IS PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE OF HISTAMINE?
1.CNS neurotransmitter
2.Constriction of Smooth Muscle of Bronchial
3.Vasodilation
4.Increase capillary permeability
5.Gastrointestinal acid secretion
*USUALLY HISTAMINE plays a role to MEDIATE Inflammatory reactions associated with type I Hypersensitivity (allergies and anaphylactic shock)