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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Layers of the Retina
Foveal Region of the Retina and Its Importance in Acute Vision
Rods and Cones
Blood Supply of the Retina-The Central Retinal Artery and the Choroid
Retinal Detachment
Rhodopsin-Retinal Visual Cycle, and Excitation of the Rods

Rhodopsin and Its Decomposition by Light Energy
Re-formation of Rhodopsin
Role of Vitamin A for Formation of Rhodopsin
Night Blindness
Excitation of the Rod When Rhodopsin Is Activated by Light
Photochemistry of Color Vision by the Cones
Automatic Regulation of Retinal Sensitivity-Light and Dark Adaptation
Tricolor Mechanism of Color Detection

Spectral Sensitivities of the Three Types of Cones
Interpretation of Color in the Nervous System
Perception of White Light
Color Blindness
Neural Circuitry of the Retina
The Visual Pathway from the Cones to the Ganglion Cells Functions Differently from the Rod Pathway
Neurotransmitters Released by Retinal Neurons
Transmission of Most Signals Occurs in the Retinal Neurons by Electrotonic Conduction, Not by Action Potentials
Lateral Inhibition to Enhance Visual Contrast-Function of the Horizontal Cells
Excitation of Some Bipolar Cells and Inhibition of Others-The Depolarizing and Hyperpolarizing Bipolar Cells
Amacrine Cells and Their Functions
Ganglion Cells and Optic Nerve Fibers

Three Types of Retinal Ganglion Cells and Their Respective Fields
Excitation of the Ganglion Cells

Spontaneous, Continuous Action Potentials in the Ganglion Cells
Transmission of Changes in Light Intensity-The On-Off Response
Transmission of Signals Depicting Contrasts in the Visual Scene-The Role of Lateral Inhibition
Transmission of Color Signals by the Ganglion Cells