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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
UTI's are described by ____
Location
These are the 3 types of _____ ______ urinary tract:
Urethritis
Cystitis
Prostatis
Acute Lower
Acute _____ urinary track would be Acute pyelonephritis
Upper
Inflammation of the bladder
Cystitis
The most commn UTI is the infectioous _________
cystitis
There is also something called ________ cystitis which is caused by irritation from chemicals or radiotion
Noninfectious
Inflammatory process for a UTI that has no known cause
Interstitial Cystitis
Obstruction
Stones
Vesicoureteral reflux
Diabetes
Characteristics of Urine
Gender
Age
Sexual Activity
Risk factors for UTI
Large stones that cause obstruction
Calculi
______ can live within stones and cause infection because rough surfaces irritates the mucosal surfaces
Bacteria
The #1 thing you want to treat for a stone is the __________ causing the stones
Condition
This causes excess glucose in urine which provides rich medium for bacterial growth
Diabetes
Peripheral _____ from diabetes affects the bladder innervation which leads to flaccid bladder and incomplete emptying
Nueropathy
RN intervention for diabetes is good ______ control
Glucose
This causes incomplete bladder emptying which creates a continous pool of urine where bacteria can grow
Obstruction
An obstruction prevents the flushing out of _______
Bacteria
Since there is an obstruction it allows bacteria to ascend more easily to _______ structures
Higher
RN interventions include:
________ liquids
Encourage more freqent ______
Increase
Voiding
When bacteria is forced backwards from the bladder into the ureters and kidneys causing PYELONEPHRITIS
Vesicoureteral Reflux
Reflux of sterile ______ can cause renal scarring and in long term renal dysfunction
Urine
Interventions for Vesicoureteral Reflux are that affected ureters are surgically ______ in bladder to eliminate reflux
Surgically
Alkalotic or ______ urine promotes bacterial growth
Concentrated
Interventions include to make urine more acidic by taking VITAMIN _____ tablets (not citrus fruits because the can make urine alkaline)
C
Give vaginal ______ cream to improve health of vaginal and urethral cell
Estrogen
Most common type of organism that invades and cause UTI's are ______ which comes from the intestinal tract
E.Coli
Untreated _____ can lead to pyelonephritis and sepsis
UTI's
______ meds can cause delayed bladder emptying
Anti-cholinergic
If you have hypoestrogenism is can adversly affect your vaginal and uretheral cells causing you to be more susceptible to __________
Infection
You should drink ____ oz of fluid after sex and urinate before and after
8
Candida
Fungal infections that can cause long term antibotic therapy
A parasite found in the vagina that is also found in urine; if you treat this then it will resolve the UTI
Trichomonas
Rare chronic inflammation of the entire lower urinary tract
Interstitial Cystisis
Interstitial Cystitis is _____ to diagnosis and the manifestations are similar to infectious cystitis with more intense urgency and bladder pain
Difficult