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116 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Leonorus cardiaca (motherwort) Indications?
Post partum melancholia, babies with colic, in cardiac formula when stressed, nervous debility with irritation and unrest
Leonorus cardiaca (motherwort) Properties?
nervine sedative
Leonorus cardiaca (motherwort) Constituents?
isoquercitrin and hyperoside - similar to Hypericum, caffeic acid - sedative, iridoid monoterpenes - taste bad
Matricaria recucita (German chamomile) Indications?
nervous irritability with fretfulness, peevishness and impatience; more bitter and stronger effect on digestive system
Matricaria recucita (German chamomile) Properties?
nervine calmative
Matricaria recucita (German chamomile) Constituents?
chamazulene, bisadol
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) Indications?
dyspepsia associated with anxiety or depression, flue with nervous unrest, HTN due to stress or anxiety, enhance memory
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) Properties?
nervine tonic
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) Constituents?
essential oils etc
Avena sativa active constituents
alkaloids, sterodial saponins, flavones
Avena sativa mainly acts as what? (which herb groups)
Nervine, nutritive, Demulcent, bulk laxative
Avena sativa specific dietary indications
acts as a bulk laxative and nutritive. is known most commonly as oats
Avena sativa organ affinities
nerves, GI
which poaceae family herb is commonly known as oats?
Avena sativa
Avena sativa temp?
neutral, tonic
Why does Dr. Brett advise against using avena sativa in the form of oat straw?
because it is the waste product of the plant
Avena sativa oats are found in more than one form. What specific efect do green oats exert?
antihepatoxic - used ppimarily for infantile jaundice
Eschscholtzia californica common indications
insomnia, melancholia, nervous agitation, colic
Eschscholtzia californica is best known as (groups)
hypnotic, antispasmodic, aperient, calmative
Eschscholtzia californica active constituents
alkaloids - primarily californidine
Eschscholtzia californica temperature
neutral to cool, tonic
Eschscholtzia californica family
Eschscholtzia californica organ affinity
T/F Eschscholtzia californica is safe for small children
TRUE this CAN be used for kids!
T/F Eschscholtzia californica is safe for use in pregnancy
FALSE this should NOT be used in pregnancy
Eschscholtzia californica, Valeriana and avena sativa are used together as/for what?
a sleep aid!
Humulus Lupulus is known primarily as what (categories)
nervine, anodyne, diuretic, hypnotic, bitter
after midterms we should all go out for some Humulus Lupulus... why?
because it makes BEER!!!!!
Humulus Lupulus specific indications?
nervousness, irritability, insomnia, delerium
Humulus Lupulus temp?
cool tonic
Humulus Lupulus family?
Humulus Lupulus active constituents?
lupulin (the fine dusty yellow-orange powder that covers strobiles)
what is the significance of lupulin?
contains volatile oil, resin and alpha bitter acids which convert to isovaleric acid and have a strong nervine effect
why might a woman harvesting Humulus Lupulus have menstrual irregularities?
because hops contains phytoestrogens
What about Humulus Lupulus might cause "man boobs" in a male harvesting this?
because hops contains phytoestrogens
Hypericum Perfolatum is used as what (category)
antispasmodic, nervine tonic, astringint, vulnerary, expectorant
Hypericum Perfolatum speficic indications?
spinal injuries, throbbing of body w/out fever, hysteria, seasonal affective disorder
Hypericum Perfolatum active constituents?
volatile oils, antheracene derivatives, flavonoids, volatile oils
Hypericum Perfolatum Organ affinities
Hypericum Perfolatum temp?
neutral tonic
Hypericum Perfolatum family?
what dosage is generally recommended for Hypericum Perfolatum
standarized extract
T/F high doses of Hypericum Perfolatum can cause photosensitivity even though it does not contain furanocoumarins
True may cause photosensitivity in light skinned individuals
T/F if I slam my finger in teh car door Hypericum Perfolatum may be one of my first choices to address the pain?
TRUE in topical form
In regards to antidepressive effects, Dr. Brett indicates Hypericum Perfolatum is best for which type of depression?
seasonal affective disorders
Using Hypericum Perfolatum it is very important to know the source where it is coming from - is it best to use parts of plant or the whole plant
The whole plant
Why would Hypericum Perfolatum be used in relation to muscles?
bc it acts as an antispasmodic for skeletal muscle spasms
What specific action of Hypericum Perfolatum makes it useful for treatment of herpes and retroviruses?
By what mechanism does Hypericum Perfolatum interact with prescription medications?
the flavonoids in teh herb may stimulate hepatic CYP3A4 enzyme casuing a significant reduction in half life of drug.
Hypericum Perfolatum should be avoided in patients taking which types of prescription medications?
anticoagulants, digatilis glycosides, protease inhibitors and oral contraceptives
Lavendula vera main categories of herbs?
nervine calmative, carminative, antispasmodic
Lavendula vera specific indications?
nervois irritability in children, gastric uneasiness and nausea, hysteria, nervous debility
Lavendula vera active constituents?
volatile oils, hydroxycoumarins, tannins, caffeic acid derivatives
Lavendula vera temperature
cool, tonic
Lavendula vera is or is not safe during pregnancy?
NOT safe during pregnancy due to its emmenagogue activity and coumarin content
Lavendula vera is often used in what form?
as bath, pillow or essential oil
Melilotus off.(white clover)
antispasmodic (like angelica) , anodyne
Melilotus off.(white clover)specific
atonic headaches, chronic neuralgias, sorenessof tissues
Melilotus off.(white clover)
isoflavones, coumarin is formed during the drying process, triterpen saponinsand colatile oils
Melilotus off.(white clover)
Melilotus off.(white clover)
warm, tonic
Piper methysticum (kava)
nervine, anodynem cerebral stimulatn, renal sedative
Piper methysticum (kava)
acute situational anxiety, not longterm, irritation, immflacmation, debility of teh urinary tract, dysuria
Piper methysticum (kava) constituents
KAva lactones (BE carefull is heart sensitive), kavaine, yagonin, methylcysticine, chalcones, organic acids and resins
Scutellaria laterifolia (skullcap) Indications?
MUSCLE TREMORS, nervousness from illness/mental/physical exhaustion
Scutellaria laterifolia (skullcap) properties?
nervine sedative/tonic, antispasmodic
Scutellaria laterifolia (skullcap) constituents?
volatile oils, caffeic acid, tannin, glycosides
Valeriana officinalis (valerian) Brett says?
Takes 7-10 days to work, most widely used for insomnia, does not interfere with REM sleep or driving; formula 303: valeriana MgP homeo, passiflora
Valeriana officinalis (valerian) Indications?
hysteria, mental depression, spasmodic movements, insomnia
Valeriana officinalis (valerian) Properties?
nervine sedative, hypnotic
Valeriana officinalis (valerian) constituents?
volitile oils like valpotriates (terpenes with strong sedative action), Pyridine alkaloids, caffeic acid
Verbena officinalis (vervain) Indications?
PMS (irritation/nervousness with irregular menses)
Verbena officinalis (vervain) Properties?
nervine tonic, sedative
Verbena officinalis (vervain) constituents?
iridoid monoterpenes, essential oils, mucilage, tannin, caffeic acid
dried degrades quickly when exposed to moisture (use fresh or frozen)
Viscum album (mistletoe) Indications?
cardiac, h/a due to increased blood flow to brain
Viscum album (mistletoe) Properties?
nervine sedative, cardiac
Viscum album (mistletoe) constituents?
triterpenoid saponins
Viscum album (mistletoe) toxicity?
especially berries, leaves less so
Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) Indications?
prevents recurrent migraines - take daily!, HA and arthritis better heat
Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) Properties?
NOT TRUE NERVINE, but used to treat nervous sys, antiinflammatory
What is a nervine?
herb with direct effect on ANY part of nervous system
Most well known subgroup of nervines is?
What do they do?
They behave in an _______ manner like ________ herbs?
Nervine tonics.
Increase stimulation when a person is fatigued or stressed & decrease stimulation for a person in need of rest.
They behave in an amphoteric manner like adaptogenic herbs.
Indications for nervines?
H/a, sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety
By contrast, when would you use an adaptogen?
for pts with physical sxs caused by chronic stress
How do they work?
Only God knows.
Some seem to affect neurotransmitter levels.
Others affect PNS
Active constituents to nervines in general?
(name 5)
volatile oils
caffeic acid
caffeic acid derivatives
Tell me about caffeic acid.
What is its action?
What is it found in?
What pharmacognosy grouping?
sedative & relaxant
in coffee
it is a phenolic compound
How would I best extract some of these active constituents? Specifically alkaloids, caffeic acid, & volatile oils?
alkaloids -- alcohol
caffeic acid -- oil maceration or infusion
volatile oils -- oil maceration or infusion
Botanical family largely associated with nervines?
Lamiaceae (mint)
Anthemis nobilis:
Common name?
Roman chamomile
What is the latin & common names for this plant's twin who has almost identical properties?
Matricaria recucita
German chamomile
By comparison, Anthemis is considered a better _____ & ______ than Matricaria
Anthemis is a better diaphoretic & tonic
When you buy generic chamomile in this area, which are you actually purchasing?
Matricaria (there are more Germans than Romans in the Northeast)
Anthemis nobilis:
(name 5)
Anthemis nobilis:
(name 4)
colds d/t sudden chilling,
intestinal cramping & colic d/t flatulence,
nervousness in kids
insomnia in kids
Anthemis nobilis:
Active constituents?
(name 6 classes)
volatile oils
Anthemis nobilis:
Name 3 volatile oils?
Specifically what part of the nervous system are these affecting?
To tx what?
chamazulene blue
affect CNS
to tx h/a
Anthemis nobilis:
Name 3 flavonoids?
Anthemis nobilis is commonly administered in what 2 forms of hydrotherapy?
baths & poultices
Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) Constituents?
sesquiterpene lactones like parthenolide
Can you use sesquiterpenes in a tincture?
No, they are unstable and ineffective in a tincture
Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) how used?
freeze dried herb
raw can give dermatitis, allergic rxn from those who have ragweed allergy
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) a true nervine?
NOT a true nervine but used for tx of nervous sys
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) Indications?
prevent recurrent migraines, therefore take daily; inhibit inflammatory leukotriene synthesis
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) Properties?
spasmolytic, "nervine" but Brett says not nervine
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) Constituents?
sesquiterpene esters (unstable), PAs volatile oils, mucilage, tannins
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) how prepare?
extract in oil, resin exchange tube
Petasites hybridus (butterbur/western coltsfoot) toxicity?
Not in pregnancy/breastfeeding, but not thought to interfere with beta blockers or Imitrex (migraine drug)
Nepeta cataria (catnip) Indications?
Its another camomile, abdominal colic, persistent crying, nervous agitation, sleeplessness
Nepeta cataria (catnip)
nervine sedative, antispasmodic, tonic
Nepeta cataria (catnip)
essential oils, tannins
Pssiflora incarnata (passionflower) Indications?
wake up during the night (could be due to bl sugar), atony, insomnia from worry/overwork/fever, hysteria, palpitations from excitement/shock
Pssiflora incarnata (passionflower) Properties?
nervine sedative, antispasmodic, hypnotic
Pssiflora incarnata (passionflower) Constituents?
indole alkaloids, flavone glycosides
Pssiflora incarnata (passionflower) Toxicity?
NOT in pregnancy
Pssiflora incarnata (passionflower) What should you not eat?
Tyramine containing foods (fermented aged) bc herb has MAO ingibitor like effect