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188 Cards in this Set

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Amni visnaga (khella)
indications?
chest pains with difficulty breathing
Amni visnaga (khella)
active constituents?
khellin (rapidly absorbed orally), visnagin, khellol, khellol glucoside
Amni visnaga (khella)
long term or short term use?
long term
Amni visnaga (khella)
temp?
warm, tonic
Amni visnaga (khella)
family?
Apiaceae
Amni visnaga (khella)
part used?
seed
Amni visnaga (khella)
dose?
1-2ml tincture; 500mg capsules 2 TID.
Amni visnaga (khella)
toxicity?
pregnancy?
rare
NO
Andrographis paniculata (chiretta)
indications?
bitter tonic, immunostimulant
Amni visnaga (khella)?
antispasmodic, antihistaminic
Andrographis paniculata
Indications?
clears heat, Bird flu
Andrographis paniculata
acute or long term use?
acute
Andrographis paniculata
constituents?
diterpene lactones, diterpenes, flavonoids
Andrographis paniculata
temp?
cold, tonic
Andrographis paniculata
family?
Acanthaceae
Andrographis paniculata
part used?
leaf
Andrographis paniculata
dose?
500 mg capsules - 2 q4h; 4ml tincture q4h
Andrographis paniculata
pregnancy?
NO
Angelica archangelica (angelica)
antispasmodic/antitussive
Angelica archangelica
indications?
COUGH, chronic bronchitis with tenacious thick sputum
Angelica archangelica
constituents?
essential oils, phytosterols, coumarins
Angelica archangelica
temp?
warm, tonic
Angelica archangelica
family?
Apiacceae
Angelica archangelica
part used?
root
Angelica archangelica
dose
2-4 ml TID
Angelica archangelica
toxicity?
pregnancy?
photodermatitis
NO
do not use if bleeding disorder/surgery/anticoag meds
Asclepias tuberosa (pleurosy root)
expectorant, antitussive, antispasmodic
Asclepias tuberosa
indications?
PAINFUL CHEST, KEEPS YOU FROM DYING FROM FLU/TB, pulse strong, vascular excitement in area supplied by bronchial arteries
Asclepias tuberosa
constituents?
resin (expectorant), glucosides (asclepiadin, asclepoisid), volatile oil, flavonoids, tannins
Asclepias tuberosa
temp?
warm, tonic
Asclepias tuberosa
family?
Asclepiadaceae
Asclepias tuberosa
part used?
root
Asclepias tuberosa
dose?
1-2ml tincture; 2tsp dried root per cup water decoction, 1/2 cup QID
Asclepias tuberosa
toxicity?
N/V, more severe effects uncommon
verbascum thapsus respiratory associated actions?
demulcent, antitussive, expectorant, anodyne, pectoral
specific indications for Verbascum Thapsus
nervous and bronchial irritation with cough
noteworthy constituents?
flavonoids including hesperidin & verbascoside, resin, triterpene saponins, volatile oil
temperature of Verbascum Thapsus
neutral, tonic
urtica dioica part of plant useful for respiratory aliments?
the young fuzzy leaves of the first year plant!!!
urtica dioica specific indications
excessive mucus discharges, profuse gastric secretions with eructations and vomiting
urtica diodica specific properties of fresh plant
histamine & formic acid
respiratory related Properties of urtica diodica
astringint, tonic, anti-histaminic
urtica diodica organ affinity
nasal and sinus mucous membranes
urtica diodica dose
for allergies use freeze dried capsules
urtica diodica toxicity
FRESH PLANT ONLY casuses urticaria (hives)- dried plant no longer has this effect.
urtica diodica family
urticaceae
tylophora indica respiratory associated properties
antiallergenic, anti-asthmatic, anti-inflammatory
tylophora indica noteworthy active constituents
alkaloids tylophorne and tylophorinine
tylophora indica organ affinity
lung
tylophora indica temp
cool, sedative
tylophora indica family
asclepiadaceae
toxicity of tylophora indica
N/V with doses as low as 5gtt
is best tolerated when combined with imune enhancing herbs and demulcents
when patient is using tylophora indica which labs should be specifically tested?
serum cortisol levels to avoid a cushinoid-like syndroe
Kristina's Herbs
#5-8
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
(white branch)
quebracho
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Actions
Amphoteric(aka-Adaptogen)
Expectorant
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Resp. indications
COPD
Dyspnea
For pulmonary function impairment and chronic hypoxygenation
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Active constituents
Indole alkaloids-Aspidosamine, Quebrachine, Yohimbine, Quebrachamine, Hydroquebrachine.
Tannins
What is the term used for all the indole alkaloids together?
Aspidospermine
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Temperature
Warm and stimulating
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Part Used
Bark
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Toxicity
Rare
N/V/D
Increased HR
How does Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco act?
Increases the depth and rate of respiration.
Stimulates the pneumogastric nerves which affect cardiac and pulmonary centers.
Coleus forskolii
coleus
Coleus forskolii
Actions
Vasodilator
Antiglaucoma
Thyroid stimulant-b/c stimulates cAMP
Coleus forskolii
Indications
Asthma, chest pain
Coleus forskolii
Active constituents
Forskolin(bitter glycoside)
Volatile Oil
Coleus forskolii
Tempurature
Neutral to warm
Tonifying
Coleus forskolii
Part used
Aerial parts
Commiphora mol-mol
Myrrh
Used in HEMP
Commiphora mol-mol
Resp. Actions
Antimicrobial
Astringent-tightens mucus m.
Expectorant
Commiphora mol-mol
Indications
Chronic bronchitis w/profuse secretion of mucus and difficult expectoration
Gingivitis
Commiphora mol-mol
Active Constituents
Gums
Resins
Volatile oil
Commiphora mol-mol
Tempurature
Warm
Tonifying
Commiphora mol-mol
Part Used
Resin
What is the only expectorant herb that is NOT an emetic?
Commiphora mol-mol
Know this...
Myrrh resin dissolves well in what kind of preparation?
Alcohol
(at least 70%)
Do not combine with other herbs using less than 70%
Coptis Chinensis
huang lian
Coptis Chinensis
Resp. Actions
Antimicrobial
Lobelia inflata properties?
antispasmodic, expectorantm antiasmathic
Lobelia inflata indications?
expectoran, crochodilator, antitussive, dyspnea, fullness of tissues
Lobelia inflata contituents?
lobeline, lobelidine, isolobelanine, lobelanine, inflati0n
Lobelia inflata Family?
Campanulaceae
Lobelia inflata temperature?
small dose: warm, stimulating
large does: sedating
Lobelia inflata part used?
leaves, tops and seed
Lobelia inflata dose?
1 tbs q2h po
Lobelia inflata toxicity,
burning esophagus, excess salivation, N/V , death
Lobelia inflata Brett loves?
1830 only toxicity reported by Thompson, Capsicum potenciates
Marrubium vulgare properties?
antitussive, antispasmodic
Marrubium vulgare indications?
catarrh, antitussive, chronic irritation of bronchial membranes
Marrubium vulgare contituents?
diterpene bitter, marrubin and premarubin, caffeic acid
Marrubium vulgare family
LAmiaceae
Marrubium vulgare temperature?
warm tonic
Marrubium vulgare parts used?
leaves and flowering tops.
Hi...it's Kristina...the following cards, 96-100,actually go after card #79. I lost internet connection late last night after doing my last 10 cards!!! Sorry...
This is the 3rd time I lost cards b/c of my wireless conncection. Makes me MAD...I only do 5 cards at a time now. Has this happened to anyone else?
Coptis chinensis
Indications
Clears Heat
Stops bleeding
Drains Stomach fire
Coptis chinensis
Active constituents
Alkaloids-notably berberine
Lactones
Coptis chinensis
Tempurature
Cold
Tonifying
Coptis chinensis
Part Used
Root and Rhizome
Coptis chinensis
Contraindications
Pregnancy d/t presence of berberine
Marrubium vulgare dose?
1-3 ml tincture qid
Marrubium vulgare BRETT loves?
good fo kids antitussive but tastes bad!
Petasites hybridus properties
spasmolytic, antitussive,
Petasites hybridus indications?
spasmodic cough with no expectoration MIGRAINES
Petasites hybridus constituents?
Pyrrolyzidine alcaloids: Sesquiterpene esters
Petasites hybridus teperature?
cool , sedative
Petasites hybridus family?
Astaraceae
Petasites hybridus parts?
leaves
Petasites hybridus dose?
2 Tabp, dired leavesper cup of water, infs 10 minutes, 1-2 cups per day
Prunus Virginiana properties?
antitussive, astringent, , expectorant
Prunus Virginiana indications?
continuous irritative cough with muco purulent exudation
Prunus Virginiana BRETT?
ADults that want to sleep!
Prunus Virginiana constituents?
amygdalyn, prunasin
Prunus Virginiana temperature?
cool
Prunus Virginiana family?
Rosaceae
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss, aka Lobaria pulmonaria) indications?
irrative cough; persistent dry rasping wheezing or short hacking cough with quick darting pains to the thoracic walls
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss, Lobaria pulmonaria)
Active Constituents?
Stictic acid. We commonly use a tincture to extract this acid, traditionally used as a tea.
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) temp?
Neutral, tonic
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) Family?
Lichen (algae and moss)
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) part used?
Whole lichen
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) category?
Amphoteric expectorant, anodyne, mild, antiinflammatory.
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) dose?
Poorly soluble in water, tincture is best. Use 0.5-1.5 ml TID.
Sticta pulmonaria (lungwort moss) additional indications?
sore muscles, pain in the shoulders, back, and neck, extending to the occiput; soreness and dull pain in the pectoral muscles, increased by deep breathing
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) what should we know about its name?
also called Dracontium foetidum by Felter. foetidus comes from the word fetted, which means "smells like garbage".
Symplocarus foetidus (skunk cabbage)indications?
For coughs pt cannot overcome: whooping cough, asthma, or other chronic coughs; and cough with catarrh ("inflammation of the mucus membranes with discharge, esp. in air ways of nose and trachea".
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)active constituents?
volatile oil, resin, "acrid principle" (this is some unknown compound or property of the herb).
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)temp?
Warm, Stimulating.
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)family?
Araceae
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) part used?
Root
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) dose?
Tincture of the fresh root: 0.5 - 1 ml q2h.
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) toxicity?
Large dose can cause a burning sensation in the mouth and throat, or N/V. Some herbalists think that if you dry it first it will lower the toxicity.
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) categories?
expectorant, antispasmodic, diaphoretic.
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) indications?
All pulmonary afflictions including asthma, whooping cough, laryngitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis; gastric catarrh.
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)category?
demulcent, antiinflammatory, expectorant.
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) active constituents?
Triterpenes, mucilage (acidic polysaccharides), saponin, inulin...
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) long term or short term use?
Short term. Due to pyrrolizidine alkaloids, do not take internally for more than 3 days.
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)temp?
Neutral, tonic to sedative.
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)family?
Asteraceae
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)part used?
Leaves (higher PAs), Flowers (lower PAs).
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)dose used?
Use 1 Tbsp dried leaf or flower per cup, infuse 15 minutes; take 1/2 cup qid
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)toxicity?
Contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids; do not take internally for more than 3 days and DO NOT TAKE IF PREGNANT OR BRESTFEEDING. The PAs in this herb are: tussilagin and senkirkin
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) tincture dose?
1 - 2 ml PO QID
Coptis chinensis
- indications?
Clears heat, stops bleeding, drains stomach fire
Coptis chinensis
constituents?
alkaloids including berberine - makes this a good replacement for Hydrastis
Coptis chinensis
organ affinity?
stomach, lungs
Coptis chinensis
temp?
cold, tonic
Coptis chinensis
family?
Berberidaceae
Coptis chinensis parts used?
root and rhizome
Coptis chinensis - how does the berberine in the plant affect how it works?
Like Mahonia aquifolium and Hydrastis candensis it is a strong anti microbial espec against Staph, Strep, flu and fungal strains.
Coptis chinensis - safe for pregnancy?
NO - the berberine makes it a no no!
Drosera rotundifolia - main use?
antispasmodic, antitussive.
Drosera rotundifolia - main indications?
explosive cough! dry air passage, whooping cough, measles cough.
Droser rotundifolia - dosage?
She suggests we use this homeopathically only.
Drosera rotundigfolia - constituents?
'Carboxy - oxy - napthoquinone' (CON for short) - sticky sweet smelling for catching flies.
Drosera rotundifolia - uses?
In small doses it has a very strong anti - spas effect. Best in homeo form.
Drosera rotundifolia - organ affinity?
lungs sinuses
Drosera rotundifolia - temp?
cool sedating
Drosera rotundifolia - family?
Droseraceae
Drosera rotundifolia - parts used?
flower
Toxicity of Drosera rotundifolia?
nausea, constipation, reduced resp rate.
Ephedra sinica - used for?
expectorant, anti - inflam.
Ephedra sinica - indications?
cough and wheezing due to low lung qi.
Ephedra sinica - constituants?
Ephedrine - this stimulates the CNS and is tonic to the autonomic system. (Ephedrine is an alkaloid with catecholamiine-like action).
Ephedra sinica - organ affinity?
lungs, sinus, nervous system
Ephedra sinica - temp?
warm, stimulating
Ephedra sinica - family?
Gnetaceae
Ephedra sinica - parts used?
aerial parts
Ephedra sinica - when to avoid its use?
Any HT pt. Overstimulating for those that at weak.
Ephedra sinica - drug herb interaction?
Causes arrhythmias when used with a cardiac glycosides.
Ephedra sinica - side effects/toxicity?
nausea,vomiting, vertigo, HT are the big ones.
Ephedra sinica - replacement herb?
Given that Ephedra sinica is illegal to buy and sell (but not to grow), you can use Lobelia inflata instead.
Echinacea angustifolia - used for?
antiseptic, immune stimulating.
Echinacea angustifolia - indications?
Sepsis, dirty tongue, bad blood, typhoid disease.
Echinacea angustifolia - active constituents?
Volatile oils, flavonoids, echinacosoids, mucopolysax, alkylamides, Pyrrolizidine alkaloids, polyenes. These are all detailed:
Echinacea angustifolia - what volatile oils?
Germacrene, borneol - OIL and ETOH soluble.
Echinacea angustifolia - What echinacosides?
In roots, H2O soluble, weakly antibiotic. KNOW: chicoric acid, isobutylamide, cynarin.
What do the echinacosides in Echinacea do?
stimulate immune system
What do the mucopolysaccharides in Echinacea angustifolia do?
stim immune system, anti viral and anti microbial. ACTS as a T - lymphocyte mitogen!!! H2O soluble.
Echinacea angustifolia - what do the alkylamides do?
anti inflam - numbs tissues. - They cause the tingle. Absent in H2O - need oil or Etoh to extract.
When you mix Echinacea in H2O, what becomes active?
Mucopolysax, echinacosides, flavonoids
When you mix Echinacea in oil or ETOH, what becomes active?
Alkylamides, volatile oils
Echinacea has Pyrrolizidine alkaloids - but they aren't toxic. Why?
They are in a saturated form.
Echinacea angustifolia - organ affinity?
immune system, skin, mucus membranes
Echinacea angustifolia - family?
Asteraceae
Echinacea angustifolia - parts used?
All parts, but the root and rhizome are the best.
Echinacea angustifolia - is there toxicity?
None, BUT if you are allergic to ragweed - best not to take the aerial parts of Echinacea.
Echinacea angustifolia - most important things to know?
Makes T cells active, contains PA's, but they aren't toxic, know all the constituents by category (ie Echinacoside) - they're bold.
Pulmonaria officinalis proerties?
demulcent, expectorant, astringent