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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
the science of the body
Ana
up
tome
cutting
cadaver
meat given to worms
physiology
function of living organisms
Morphology
the form and structure of an organism changes in the shape of a structure as a function of time or age
planes of reference
sagittal/ mid and para
frontal coronal
transverse or horizontal
types of tissues
epithelial/ connective/ muscular/ nervous/ vascular
epithelial tissue
functions of protection synthesis secretion and sensation can be single or multiple layers.
3 shapes of tissue
squamous /columnar / cuboidal
3 layers of tissue
simple /stratified/ pseudostratified
Connective tissue 6 types
bone/ligaments /tendons / aponeuroses /fasciae/ cartilage
fissure /sulcus
a cleft groove furrow
foramen
a large opening
meatus
a small opening or passageway
sinus
a cavity within a bone
condoyle
a rounded prominence
process
a bony prominence projection from a bone
spine
a sharp projection
tubercle
a small rounded projection
ligaments
WHITE FIBROUS tissue much like tendons but with some elastic fibers / connects bone-to-bone, bone-to-cartilage, cart-to-cart, vocal ligament
tendons
a non-elastic band of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone muscle to cartilage a tissue aggregate takes on same shape and size as what it is connecting
aponeurosis
broad sheet of tendon that attaches muscle groups abdominal aponeurosis
fasciae
separates muscle bundles by forming sheaths around muscles/ separates one muscle from another/ dense or filmy thick or thin
cartilage
tensile strength/ compressive strength/ retain form hyaline (blue or glassy) larynx and trachea elastic:
muscular tissue ( 3 types)
can contract/ 40-50% is muscle tissue
striated/skeletal: voluntary
smooth: involuntary
cardiac: mixed muscle types
geometric muscle types (names)
trapezius, quadratus
general muscle form (names describ)
gracillis (slender) serratus (saw like) longitudinal
muscle location (names)
temporalis, intercostal, abdmonius
muscle names descriptive
pectoalis major rectus abdomius
neuron
functional unit of the nervous system is the neuron
neurons contain a ???
cell body and 1 axon
___ takes information away from the cell body
axon
___ sends information to the cell body
Dendrites
myelin
covers the axon and increases the nerve impulse

white fatty tissue
types of neurons
unipolar- bipolar- multi-polar
association (in the cortex)
interneurons / afferent /efferent
afferent neuron carry information to the ____ and are involved in what type of messages
bring info to the brain and are involved in SENSORY
Efferent neurons carry information away from the _____ and are involved in what type of messages
bring info AWAY from the brain and are involved in MOTOR
what are nuclei
group of cell bodies in the cns
what are ganglia
a group of cell bodies in the PNS
what is in the CNS and carries motor and sensory messages
tract
what is in the PNS and carries motor and sensory messages
nerve
synapse
The junction across which a nerve impulse passes from an axon terminal to a neuron, muscle cell, or gland cell.
when a neuron is stimulated it can send out a response that excites the next neuron : this is a ______ response
Excitatory
when a neuron is stimulated it can send out a response that inhibits the next neuron: this is a _____ response
Inhibitory
what are two postsynaptic potentials
inhibitory or excitatory
myoneural junction
the junction between a nerve fiber and the muscle it supplies
what does cns stand for
central nervous system
what are some parts of the cns
brain, brainstem, spinal cord
what does PNS stand for
Peripheral nervous system
what are some of the parts in the pns
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
what does ans stand for
Autonomic nervous system
what is the right and left hemisphere of the brain separated by ?
the longitudinal fissure
how is the longitudinal fissure connected
by the corpus callosum
what is the specific function of the left hemisphere
speech, language writing reading and math reasoning
what is the specific function of the right hemisphere
spatial-temporal abilities, drawing, music, perception of melody and rhythm of speech
what does the frontal lobe of the brain do
motor control
what does the parietal lobe of the brain do
proprioception kinesthetic, tactile
what does the temporal lobe of the brain do
auditory, reception and processing
what does the occipital lobe of the brain do
visual
what are the lobes of the brain made out of
gyri and sulci
important cortical areas for speech Language & hearing
precentral gyrus/ postcentral gyrus/premotor area/ broca's area/ wernicke area/ heschl's gyrus/ angular gyrus / supramarginal gyrus
disorders resulting from cortical damage
asphasia / apraxia / anomia
what is aphasia
total loss or decreased abiltity to understand &/or express needs
what is Apraxia
inability to voluntarily sequence articulatory movements
what is Anomia
inability to name objects ; word finding problem
c
which arrow is ventral
E
which arrow can be superior
A
which arrow points in a distal direction
F
which arrow represents a dorsal direction
C
which arrow is anterior
D
which arrow goes in the inferior direction
F
which arrow runs towards the posterior
B
which arow points in a medial direction
D
which arrow represents caudal
midbrain
what is the label for a
pons
what is the label for b
medula
what is the label for c
spinal cord
what is the label for D
optic chiasm
what is the label for E
optic tract
what is the label for F