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66 Cards in this Set

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-Texas mission in San Antonio captured by Mexico in 1836. m405
Alamo (29 N 98 W), 402
-Texas city and site of the Alamo. 29 N 99 W m405
San Antonio 402
-in 1836, Texans defended a church called the Alamo against the Mexican army; all but five Texans were killed.
Battle of the Alamo 403
-the nickname of the republic of Texas, given in 1836.
Lone Star Republic 405
-the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Manifest desting 407
-the 1846 rebellion by Americans against Mexican rule in California.
Bear Flag Revolt 409
-the 1848 treaty ending the U.S. war with Mexico; Mexico ceded nearly one-half of its land to the United States.
treaty of guadalupe hidalgo 410
-a vast region given up by Mexico after the War with Mexico; it included the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.
Mexican Cession 411
-a person who went to California to find gold, starting in 1849.
forty-niner 412
-in 1849, large numbers of people moved to California because gold had been discovered there.
California gold rush 413
-major port city in northern California. m592
San Francisco (38 N 123 W) 416
-a person who leaves the country.
Emigrant 423
-a person who settles in a new country.
immigrant 423
-the cheapest deck or place on a ship.
steerage 423
-a factor that pushes people out of their native land and pulls them toward a new place.
push-pull factor 424
-island country west of England whose mid 1800s famine caused more than one million people to emigrate to America.
Ireland 426
-a severe food shortage.
famine 426
-a negative opinion that is not based on facts.
prejudice 427
-a native-born American who wanted to eliminate foreign influence.
nativist 428
-a European artistic movement that stressed the individual, imagination, creativity, and emotion.
romanticism 429
-peacefully refusing to obey laws one considers unjust.
civil disobedience 431
-a 19th century philosophy that taught the spirtual world is more important than the physical world and that people can find the truth within themselves through feeling and intuition.
transcendentalism 431
-a meeting designed to reawaken religious faith.
revival 433
-the renewel of religous faith in the 1790's and the early 1800's.
second great awakening 433
-a group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions.
labor union 434
-to stop work to demand better working conditions.
strike 434
-a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol.
temperance movement 434
-the movement to end slavery.
abolition 440
-a federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt.
Harpers Ferry 469
-a series of escape routes used by slaves escaping the south.
underground railroad 442
-a women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848.
seneca falls convention 444
-a statement of beliefs.
platform 471
-an 1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained form the War with Mexico.
wilmot proviso 459
-a political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery.
Free Soil Party 459
-the confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union.
Confederate States of America 473
-a series of Congressional laws intended to settle the major disagreements between free states and slave states.
compromise of 1850 461
-an 1850 law to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves.
Fugitive Slave Act 462
-to withdraw
secede 473
-a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 , which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral.
uncles tom's cable 462
-a goverment in which the people rule; a system in which the residents decide the issue.
popular sovereignty 463
-a compromise introduced in 1861 that might have prevented secession.
Crittenden Plan 475
-an 1856 Supreme Court case in which a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom because he had been taken to live in territories where slavery was illegal; the Court ruled against Scott.
Dred scott v. sandford 464
-an 1854 law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery.
Kansas- Nebraska act 464
-as Charles Town, largest Southern colonial city; South Carolina site of first Civil War shots, at offshore Fort Sumter. m483
Charleston (33 N 80 W) 481
-the political party formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery in the territories.
republican party 466
-fort in Charleston, South Carolina, harbor where 1861 attack by Confederates began the Civil War. m483
Fort Sumter (33 N 80 W), 481
-a federal fort located in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
Fort Sumter 481
-nation formed by 11 Southern states during the Civil War. Capital: Richmond, Virginia. 473 and 482, m483
Confederate States of America 482
-Virginia capital that was also the capital of the Confederacy. m483
Richmond (38 N 77 W) 482
-a slave state that bordered states in which slavery was illegal.
Border state 482
-a strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War.
Anaconda plan 484
-cotton was called king because cotton was important to the world market, and the South grew most of the cotton for Europe's mills.
King cotton 484
-stream 30 miles southwest of Washington D.C.; site of first land battle of Civil War.
Bull Run 485
-an 1861 battle of the Civil War in which the South shocked the North with a victory.
First battle of bull run 485 *
-when armed forces prevent the transportation of goods or people into or out of an area.
Blockade 484
-conditions and practices that promote health.
hygiene 490
-a warship covered with iron.
ironclad 491
-a bullet with a hollow base.
minie ball 491
-a gun with a grooved barrel that causes a bullet to spin through the air.
rifle 491
-an 1862 battle in which the Union forced the Confederacy to retreat in some of the fiercest fighting in the Civil War.
Battle of Shiloh 494
-historic river seperating Virginia from Maryland and Washington D.C.
Potomac River 496
-soldiers on horseback.
Cavalry 496
-an 1862 Civil War battle in which the Confederacy forced the Union to retreat before it could capture the Southern capitol of Richmond.
seven day's battles 496
-Maryland creek, site of bloodiest day's fighting in the Civil War.
antietam 497 *
-a Civil War battle in 1862 in which 25,000 men were killed or wounded.
Battle of Antietam 497
-the right to vote.
suffrage 262,444